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About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade

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High overarch'd, and echoing walks between ;
There oft the Indian herdsman shunning heat
Shelters in cool, and tends his pasturing herds
At loop holes cut through thickest shades: Those leaves
They gather'd, broad as Amazonian targe,
And with what skill they had, together sew'd,
To gird their waist, vain covering if to hide
Their guilt and dreaded shame; O how unlike
To that first naked glory! Such of late
Columbus found th' American, so girt


With feather'd cincture, naked else and wild

Among the trees on isles and woody shores.

Thus fenc'd, and as they thought their shame in part
Cover'd, but not at rest or ease of mind,


They sat them down to weep; nor only tears

Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within

Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate,
Mistrust, suspicion, discord, and shook sore

Their inward state of mind, calm region once
And full of peace, now tost and turbulent :.
For understanding rul'd not, and the will
Heard not her lore, both in subjection now
To sensual appetite, who from beneath
Usurping over sov'reign reason claim'd
Superior sway: from thus distemper'd breast,



Adam, estrang'd in look and alter'd style,

Speech intermitted thus to Eve renew'd.

Would thou hadst hearken'd to my words, and stay'd

With me, as I besought thee, when that strange

Disire of wand'ring this unhappy morn,


I know not whence possess'd thee; we had then

Remain'd still happy, not as now, despoil'd

Of all our good, sham'd, naked, miserable.

Let none henceforth seek needless cause to❜ approve.

The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek.


Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail.


To whom soon mov'd with touch of blame thus Eve. What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe ! Imput'st thou that to my default, or will Of wand'ring, as thou call'st it, which who knows But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there,

Or here th' attempt, thou could'st not have discern'd
Fraud in the Serpent, speaking as he spake ;
No ground of enmity between us known,
Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm.
Was I to' have never parted from thy side?
As good have grown there still a lifeless rib.
Being as I am, why didst not thou the head
Command me adsolutely not to go,
Going into such danger as thou saidst?
Too facile then thou didst not much gainsay,
Nay didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent,
Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me..
To whom then first incens'd Adam reply'd..
Is this the love, is this the recompence
Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve, express'd.
Immutable when thou wert lost, not I,
Who might have liv'd and joy'd immortal bliss,
Yet willingly chose rather death with thee?
And am I now upbraided as the cause
Of thy transgressing? Not enough severe,
It seems, in thy restraint: What could I more?
I warn'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold
The danger, and the lurking enemy

That lay in wait; beyond this had been force,
And force upon free will hath here no place.
But confidence then bore thee on, secure
Either to meet no danger, or to find







Matter of glorious trial; and perhaps

I also err'd in overmuch admiring

What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought

No evil durst attempt thee, but I rue


That error now, which is become my crime,

And thou th' accuser. Thus it shall befall

Him who to worth in women overtrusting

Lets her will rule; restraint she will not brook,

And left to' herself, if evil thence ensue,


She first his week indulgence will accuse.
Thus they in mutual accusation spent

The fruitless hours, but neither self condemning,
And to their vain contest appear'd no end.




Man's transgression known, the guardian Angels forsake Paradise, and return up to Heaven to approve their vigilance, and are approved, God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgressors, who descends and gives sentence accordingly: Then in pity clothes them both, and reascends. Sin and death sitting till then at the,gates of Hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by Man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confined in Hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of Man: To make the way easier from Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad high way or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made; then preparing for Earth, they meet him proud of his success returning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success against Man; instead of applause is entertain'd with a general hiss by all his audience, transform'd with himself also suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in Paradise; then deluded with a shew of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death; God foretels the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things: But for the present commands his Angels to make several alterations in the Heavens and elements. Adam more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him Then to evade the curse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not, but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be reveng'd on the Serpent, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication.


MEAN while the heinous and despiteful act

Satan done in Paradise, and how

He in the serpent, had perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,

Was known in Heav'n; for what can 'scape the eye
Of God all seeing, or deceive his heart


Omniscient? Who in all things wise and just,

Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind

Of Man, with strenght entire, and free will arm'd,

Complete to have discover'd and repuls'd


Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend.

For still they knew, and ought to have still remember'd The high injuction not to taste that fruit,

Whoever tempted; which they not obeying,
Incurr'd (what could they less ?) the penalty,
And manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.
Up into Heaven from Paradise in haste
Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad
For Man, for of his state by this they knew,

Much wond'ring how the subtle Fiend had stol'n
Entrance unseen. Soon as th' unwelcome news
From Earth arriv'd at Heav'n gate, displeas'd
All were who heard ; dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet mix'd

With pity, violated not their bliss.




About the new arriv'd, in multitudes

Th' ethereal people ran, to hear and know

How all befel: They tow'ards the throne supreme
Accountable made haste to make appear
With righteous plea their utmost vigilance,
And easily approv'd; when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,
Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voice.

Assembled Angels, and ye Powers return'd
From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd,
Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth,
Which your sincerest care could not prevent,
Foretold so lately what would come to pass,
When first this tempter cross'd the gulf from Hell.

I told ye then he should prevail and speed.

On his bad errand, Man should be seduc'd

And flatter'd out of all, believing lies

Against his Maker; no decree of mine
Concurring to necessitate his fall,

Or touch with lightest moment of impulse
His free will, to her own inclining left





In even scale. But fall'n he is, and now
What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass
On his transgression, 'death denounc'd that day?
Which he presumes already vain and void,
Because not yet inflicted, as he fear'd,


By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find
Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.
Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd.

But whom send I to judge them? Whom but thee


Vicegerent Son? To thee I have transferr'd

All judgment, whether in Heav'n, or earth, or Hell.
Easy it may be seen that I intend

Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee
Man's friend, his mediator, his design'd
Both ransom and redeemer voluntary,

And destin'd Man himself to judge Man fall'n.
So spake the Father, and unfolding bright
Tow'ard the right hand his glory, on the Son
Blaz'd forth unclouded deity; he full
Resplendent all his Father manifest



Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild.
Father eternal, thine is to decree,

Mine both in Heav'n and Earth to do thy will

Supreme, that thou in me thy Son belov'd


May'st ever rest well pleas'd. I go to judge

On earth these thy transgressors, but thou know'st,

Whoever judg'd, the worst on me must light,

When thine shall be, for so I undertook

Before thee'; and not repenting this obtain
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom


On me deriv'd, yet I shall temper so
Justice with mercy, as may illustrate most
Them fully satisfy'd, and thee appease.

Attendance none shall need, nor train, where none


Are to behold the judgment, but the judg'd,

Those two; the third best absent is condemn'd,

Convict by flight, and rebel to all law :

Conviction to the serpent none belongs.

Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose


Of high collateral glory': Him Thrones and Powers,

Princedoms, and Dominations ministrant

Accompanied to Heaven gate, from whence


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