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unprepared, he may be led to seek shelter from the fast approaching danger, in the mercy of a long-suffering God, who saves in the eleventh hour. Such secrecy may be an injury to the dying man, or it may not. If it prove an injury, it is an irreparable one; "Who can redeem the soul of his brother?" If he be a good man, where is the danger attending the communication? Indeed, he will generally wish to know the worst of his case; he has learned to conquer, and is not to be affrighted by the last enemy. If he be a man of the world, unprepared for death, he ought surely to be made acquainted with an approaching event so important to his eternal interests!
If we were aware that the house of our friend was, on such a night, to be attacked by robbers, how swiftly should we make the communication to him; we should not think about the alarm our warning would occasion him; we should, wisely enough, think more of the alarm and danger he would be thrown into by the robbers coming unawares. If we knew that a law-officer was at such a time to be sent to arrest a friend, we should think about his character, his credit in the world, his liberty, his property, being placed in jeopardy; and soon should we acquaint him with the coming danger, and assist him by every means in our power to meet the claim upon him, and save his credit. And are houses, and worldly reputation, and credit, and liberty, and the perishable possessions of the day, to command our ready attention to the friendly rule of warning and assisting our neighbour in his hour of peril and need; and shall we not, when a fellow-creature is about to exchange worlds, and especially when we have reason to fear he is unprepared for his great change, warn him of his condition, urge him to preparation, and use all those means, which time and circumstances may throw within our power, to assist him in this hour of peril, in search after God, that haply he may find him, and the blood of the dying may not be on our heads? P. W.
DESCRIPTION OF GEHOL,
(The summer residence of the Emperor of China. )
"Ir may be interesting to the reader, to give an account of a ride which the English embassy took one day through the emperor's gardens, which term was applied to his grounds, though, as they were several miles in extent, and contained every variety of hill
and dale, and lake and stream, and wild forest, and cultivated glade, the term garden conveys to the English reader but an imperfect idea.
"The emperor, was pleased to give directions to the first minister, to shew us his park or garden at Gehol. It is called, in Chinese, Van-shoo-yuen, or 'Paradise of ten thousand trees.'
"We rode about three miles, through a very beautiful park, kept in the highest order, and much resembling some of the fine scenery in England; the grounds gently undulated, and chequered with various groups of well-contrasted trees in the distance. As we moved onward, an extensive lake appeared before us, the extremities of which seemed to lose themselves in distance and obscurity. Here was a large and magnificent yacht ready to receive us, with a number of smaller ones for the attendants, elegantly fitted up, and adorned with numberless vanes, pendants, and streamers. The shores of the lake have all the varieties of shape which the fancy of a painter delineates, and are so indented with bays or broken with projections, that almost every stroke of the oar brought a new and unexpected object to our view. Nor are islands wanting; but they are situated only where they should be, each in its proper place, and having its proper character; one marked by a pagoda, or other building; one quite destitute of ornament; some smooth and level; some steep and uneven; and others frowning with wood, or smiling with culture. Where any things particularly interesting were to be seen, we disembarked, from time to time, to visit them; and I dare say that, in the course of our voyage, we stopped at forty or fifty palaces or pavilions. These are all furnished in the richest manner with pictures of the emperor's huntings and progresses, with stupendous vases of jasper and agates, with the finest porcelain and Japan, and with every kind of European toys and sing-songs; with spheres, orreries, clocks, and musical automata of such exquisite workmanship, and in such profusion, that our presents must shrink from the comparison, and hide their diminished heads;' and yet I am told that the same things we have seen are far exceeded by others of the same kind in the apartments of the ladies, and in the European repository at Yuen-min-yuen. In every one of the pavilions was a throne richly ornamented and an Eu-jou, or symbol of peace and prosperity, placed at one side of it.
"It would be an endless task, were I to attempt a detail of all the wonders of this charming place. There is no beauty of distribution, no feature of amenity, no reach of fancy, which embellishes our pleasure-grounds in England, that is not to be found here. In the course of a few hours, I have enjoyed such vicissitudes of rural delight as I did not conceive could be felt out of England; being at different moments enchanted by scenes perfectly similar to those I had known there, uniting the magnificence of Stowe with the softer beauties of Woodburn and the fairy-land of Paine's Hill.
I was particularly struck with the happy choice of situations for ornamental buildings. From attention to this circumstance, they have not the air of being crowded and disproportioned; they never intrude upon the eye; but, wherever they appear, always show themselves to advantage, and aid to improve and enliven the prospect.
"In many places the lake is overspread with the nenuphar or lotus, (nelumbium,) resembling our broad-leaved water-lily; this is an accompaniment which the Chinese are passionately fond of, cultivating it in all their pieces of water. Artificial rocks and ponds with gold and silver fish, are, perhaps, too often introduced; and the monstrous porcelain figures of lions and tigers, usually placed before the pavilions, are displeasing to an European eye. But these are trifles of no great moment; and I am astonished that now after six hours' critical survey of these gardens, I can scarcely recollect any thing besides to find fault with." Abridged from 'China and the English.'
GEOLOGY NOT REPUGNANT TO SCRIPTURE.
(Concluded from page 212.)
LET us now look at
II. THE INFERENCES FAIRLY DEDUCIBLE FROM THEM. 1. That the earth was at one time composed of primitive rocks only, such as granite, gneiss, &c. and probably uninhabited.
This may seem startling to those who have not been accustomed to trace any analogy between our own earth and other planets. They cannot believe that so large and important a world should have been created, except as a dwelling place for intelligent beings,
though they are not at all surprised to hear that the thousands and tens of thousands of worlds we see around us, are destitute of inhabitants. Nay, they are quite as much astonished when they hear us contending against such a supposition, as they are to find us arguing in its favour with reference to our own. It seems, however, to be a very allowable inference from the facts brought to light by geology.
2. That the animals by which the earth has been inhabited did not all live at one and the same time.
One race of animals appears to have died off before another was created; for if all their dead bodies had been floating about in one sea or water, their remains would have been mingled together at the bottom of it. But instead of this, they are found in distinct layers, and at vastly different depths from the surface. As I attempted to shew in the former part of this lecture, something approaching to a regular order of succession is observable. First, or in the oldest strata, we find traces of the chirotherium, a huge quadruped of the oppossum kind; of the labyrinthidon, a gigantic toad, and of a bird twice as large as the ostrich. Then come the sea, land, and flying-lizards; and afterwards a numerous class of thick-skinned animals, somewhat like the tapir or rhinoceros, though differing from them sufficiently to prove that they were not of the same race. These are followed by creatures still more nearly resembling those at present existing; and last of all are found the remains of quadrupeds of the species now living.
Many of the strata in which these remains are found, are several hundred feet in thickness, and the period necessary for the deposition and formation of all of them, arguing from what we know of similar processes now going on, must have been immense. I do not say how long they must have been in progress, though I think we are justified in the inference
3. That the earth is very probably much older than popular opinion supposes it to be.—I do not consider this point to be fully proved, as is asserted by most geologists, though I think there is sufficient evidence on the point to bespeak for them a favourable hearing.
4. That as the animals before the flood were of the same kind as those now living; the fossils of the extinct races found in the earth,
were not deposited at the deluge of Noah; and are therefore improperly called "antediluvian.”
No animal has been ever known to lose its distinctive peculia rities by the lapse of time; the embalmed animals of Egypt when compared with living specimens, are found exactly of the same organization, though the present races are of two or three thousand years' later date. It is not therefore allowable to suppose that such creatures, for example, as the ichthyosaurus, the dinotherium, or the pterodactyle, could ever become metamorphosed into the croco dile, the tapir, or the vampire.
Now, the terms addressed to Noah when commissioned to take into the ark" two and two of all flesh," and " male and female of all flesh," are so sweeping and inclusive, that we have no right to assume he would leave out the hundreds of species whose remains are found embedded in the earth, especially when we connect with this injunction, its declared purport-to preserve seed, or provide for the continuance of these several kinds of animals. To contend, therefore, that all fossil remains were deposited at the deluge, would be to place ourselves at once at the mercy of the sceptic and the infidel, who would retort to this effect:-" Your Bible tells us that Noah preserved animals of all kinds in the ark: but I can prove that the antediluvian animals,' as you call them, were never preserved at all: their remains are all to be found buried in the earth, or imbedded in the solid rock, and not one of them has any living representative at the present day !"
"But," says the timid Christian, "if these creatures were not destroyed at the deluge, when were they swept from the earth and buried in the soil?" I am not bound to tell you, even if I knew accurately and with certainty: but here they are! Geology submits them to your inspection; and the more closely you examine them, the more fully satisfied will you be, that they belong altogether to another class of existences. The Bible no where limits the duration of the universe: it allows us as long a period as we can want, (even though it be millions of years,) prior to the period to which we confine man's sojourn upon earth.
It tells us that God is eternal and immortal, and assures us that his delights were with the sons of men, before the mountains or the hills were settled; and therefore I am not willing to suppose his