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with the small remains of his army, fled towards Egypt. The merit of fir Sidney Smith, in this fervice, was extolled by the grand fignor, and must entitle him to the applause of his countrymen.

RUSS I A.

The emperor Paul is now as eager to chaftife and quell the French as any of his contemporaries. He fupplies great armies for the deliverance of Europe, and employs his fleets in the fame caufe. He has declared war against the king of Spain; but it is improbable that he will have any opportunities of doing great injury to that monarch. He urges the king of Pruffia, by argument and menace, to join the confederates; but his influence over the court of Berlin is not decifive.

SWEDE N.

His Swedish majesty, relinquishing in fome measure his neutrality, ordered his minifter at the diet of Ratisbon, in the month of May, to deliver a declaration from him, as duke of Pomerania, intimating that, as it was the duty of every member of the empire to furnish his contingent. in a war in which that body was engaged, he was ready? to fupply fuch troops and money as he was bound to afford. This intimation was received with pleasure in the diet; but it does not appear to have had any effect in ftimulating. the neutral princes of the empire to a fimilar promise. The king, we are informed, acts with general propriety in his station. He rules with mildnefs and moderation, encourages the useful arts, and promotes the welfare of his fubjects.

NORTH-AMERICA.

The difcuffions between the Americans and the French have not yet been inflamed to a rupture. Internal difcord,

however, feems to increase in the United States, at a time when unanimity is effentially requifite for fecuring the peace and profperity of the republic.

WEST INDIES.

No important intelligence has lately reached us from thefe islands, except from that of St. Domingo. Touffaint and Rigaud are ftill rivals for fuperiority. The British and American nations are endeavouring to establish an advantageous trade with the inhabitants of that ifland; but, if the competition of the chiefs fhould produce a war, the commercial negotiations will be suspended.

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The revolution to which we alluded on a former occafion was briefly difcuffed in the houfe of commons in the last feffion. It appears, that Ali, the new nabob of Oude, gave great difguft and alarm to the English by his improper and arbitrary conduct; and, as he was not the legitimate offfpring of the late nabob, they refolved to depose him, before he had fully established his power of injuring them. His fubjects did not act in his behalf; and a prince from whom lefs danger was apprehended was quietly placed on the mufnud.

The proceedings of the fultan Tippoo were of a more alarming nature than the conduct of the nabob. His preparations for war were diligently profecuted; and the French who were in his fervice were encouraged and patronised. The governor-general infifted on the difmiffion of the latter, and made fome other demands to which Tippoo refufed to accede. Sufpecting that he depended on the aid of an army expected from Egypt, the council of Calcutta refolved to commence hoftilities without delay.

In the fettlement of Bombay, an army was levied to cooperate with that of Madras. Lieutenant-general Stuart, having afcended the Ghauts with the force of the western province, approached the enemy in March. On the 6th, an advanced brigade, conducted by lieutenant-colonel Montrefor, sustained an attack from the warriors of Myfore, who, after an obftinate conflict, would probably have overpowered the Europeans and fepoys with whom they contended, if a fresh corps had not taken part in the action. The fultan's forces were at length repelled, above 2000 of his men being either killed or wounded. The victorious army fuffered a trifling lofs, the flain and the wounded not exceeding 150.

The army of Madras having reached Malavelly, an engagement took place on the 27th of March. It terminated to the advantage of the English, who were effectually assisted by fome troops of the nizam. On the 5th of April, lieute nant-general Harris took his ftation near Seringapatám; and, being afterwards joined by Stuart, he carried on with great fpirit the fiege of that capital. The fire of the batteries. having at length made a practicable breach in the walls, an affault was ordered on the 4th of May. To major-general Baird the direction of this important fervice was committed; and his courage and conduct on the occafion greatly redounded to his honor. That he might clear the ramparts to the right and left, he divided the force felected for the affault; and, while colonel Sherbrooke led one divifion, lieutenant-colonel Dunlop advanced with the other. Under a fire extremely heavy, the Europeans and fepoys 'croffed the rocky bed of the Cavery, paffed the glacis and ditch, and afcended the breaches in the fauffe-braye and rampart of the fort,' gallantly furmounting all the obstacles which arose from the difficulty of the paffage and the refiftance of the enemy.' When they had filenced the fire from the works, they were oppofed by a corps which occupied the palace of Tippoo ; but they at length gained poffeffion of the whole town. Two of the fultan's fons now fur

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rendered themselves to the befiegers, and were removed to the camp. Proper measures for allaying the confufion at firft unavoidable in a city strongly garrifoned, crowded with inhabitants and their property, in ruins from the fire of a numerous artillery, and taken by affault,' were not neglected by the victors.

Many of the chief officers of the Myforean army loft, their lives in defending the cause of their fovereign. As it was reported that the fultan was alfo among the flain, orders were given for inquiring into the foundation of the rumor; and, after a diligent fearch, the body of that prince was found near one of the gates, under a heap of his lifeless fubjects. Due honors were paid to his remains, which were interred in the maufoleum of Hyder Ali.

The prince who thus loft his life inherited the ambition and the enterprifing fpirit of his father, poffeffed confiderable talents, and was not deficient in courage or in fortitude. As he was a determined enemy of the British nation, his death is not regretted by thofe who wish for the profperity of our Afiatic fettlements. The feifure of his dominions, or the grant of his throne to a dependent prince, will greatly contribute to the fecurity of British India.

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