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ART. 36. Bemerkungen au feiner, &c.

Observations on a Journey from the Turkish Borders over the Bu kowina, through East and West Gallicia, Silesia, and Moravia, to Vienna. By J. Rohrer. Svo. Vienna.

MANY of these obervations are interesting, and particularly those which relate to some Caraite Jews at Halicz on the Niester which still adhere to their ancient principles, and reject the additions to the law made by the Talmudists. A farther inquiry into the extent of this sect might be recommended to every traveller into Poland and Turkey; for from the intercourse we have with the Jews of the opposite persuasion, and the well known theological hatred that prevails between the two sects, we scarcely know any thing of that which, of the two, deserves by far the greatest portion of our attention.

SWEDEN.

ART. 37.-Utkast til föreläsningar öfæer Swenska historien. A Sketch of a Course of Lectures on the Swedish History. By Eric Michael Faut. 8vo. Upsal. 1805.

THE labours of this author on Swedish history, are greatly es teemed in his own country; and if they are sometimes faulty in points of deep criticism, and might be greatly improved by a more careful and judicious selection, yet much praise is due for indefati gable industry, and the rescuing of various facts from the deepest obscurity. The present work is intended for those who wish to take cursory view of Swedish history, and are unwilling to travel through the pages of Dalin and Lagerbring; yet it is not written with suffis cient precision to be put into the hands of youth. The first part contains the history from the earliest times to those of Gustavus the First, in which the rhapsodical remarks on Pytheas of Marseilles, Tacitus, Jordanes, and others might well have been spared. The remarks on the Edda, are chiefly derived from Thre; the later Edda, as it is called, is ascribed to Snorre Sturleson; who, however, could have at any rate but a small share in this production. All the idle tales of the Icelanders are repeated without any attempt to explain them; and the sketch of life and manners in this period is very imperfect. The second period contains the age of popery, in which are enumerated numerous acts of the regents, with out selection, or view to any judicious insight into the manners of the times. The second part brings us down to the time of Gustavus Adolphus; the third relates the history of Sweden under Gusta vus Adolphus and Christina; and the fourth, the history of Charles the Tenth and Eleventh. In the two last parts are many interesting materials; but the want of arrangement, the insertion of trifling APP. Vol. 5.

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remarks, and the deficiency of research into the history of the people, their civilization, manners, and industry, must prevent the work from rising high in the class of literary productions.

ART. 38.-Quatuor Monumenta nea in Suecia eruta, Tabulis aneis et brevi commentatione illustrata ab J. Hullenberg. Ac. cessere nonnulla de literatura Cufica.

Four brazen Monuments dug up in Sweden, illustrated by Plates, und a short Commentary; to which are added some Remarks on Cufic Literatura. 8vo. 6s. Stockholm. 1801.

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THIS pamphlet principally relates to a bracelet and three celts of brass, which appear to have been found at Tullinge, about two miles from Stockholm, in 1800. An English Antiquary, however, would hardly bave thought them sufficiently important to form a separate work.

The use of the bracelet, both as a military honour and a female ornament among the nations of antiquity, is proved from different authorities: and it is said to have been found very frequently in Sweden.

The celts differ from those which have been usually discovered in having tops or covers to them. Their uses, however, have been very differently explained. And M. Hallenberg, for the first time we believe, deems them Lachrymals. Though we think the culter, or knite for sacrifice, which appears to have been discovered with them, implies a different purpose.

At p. 57, follows the explanation of the cufic coins; which appear to be of little consequence. One, engraved in the title-page, is ascribed to Almustanser, a Mahommedan prince, between 1226 and 1242. Two more given in p. 57, were found in Finland. One, being mutilated, seems an uncertain coin; but the perfect one is retered by M. Hallenberg to the year 915.

It is altogether a learned pamphlet; but it treats on subjects which have very little cither of novelty or curiosity.

DENMARK.

A. 39-Theologisk Maanedskrift for Faedrelandets religions laerere. Udgivet af L. Nikolas. Fallesen förste resider: Com pellan, &c. 1803, 1801.

A Theological Monthly Publication. Copenhagen.

DENMARK was distinguished for the freedom of its press, which Seemed inconsistent with the despotical form of its guverament The decree of the 27th September. 1799, destroyed that freedom, and with it the hopes of farther progress in religion or science, By

degrees the country is emerging from the terror into which it had been on thrown, and it is much indebted to the compiler of this work, who, by his theological magazine, and now by this publication, gives an... opportunity to persons engaged in religious speculations, to commu nicate the fruit of their labours to the public. In the numbers already published, are many interesting articles. Among them, the publisher, though a minister of the established church, gives four excellent reasons for satisfaction under the existing differences of opinion on religious subjects. For he contends, that this difference: is grounded on our nature; that it is compatible with the truth; that it is not prejudicial to the chief points of religion, virtue and the fear of God; and that it is connected with the hope of clearer light in the future state. From one article we find that Norway is not free from the troubles arising from fanaticism; and a peasant of Sonnenfiels has established a community, similar to those of some of our methodists in Wales. Education, it appears, in another article, is not sufficiently attended to, in either Denmark or Norway; and, if we are to trust to the representation of an old clergyman, it is better to be a subaltern officer or a journeyman mechanic, than a preacher or teacher in Denmark. The papists have still several churches in Denmark; and their number at Copenhagen amount to nearly 5000. The work promises to be very useful; and if it continues to be conducted in the same liberal manner, will gradually introduce much information both to the state and people.

HOLLAND.

ART. 40.--Aanhangsel oph et Bigbelsch Huisbock.
Appendix to the Family Bible of J. Scheidius. Leyden.

TO the possessors of Scheidius's family bible, this will be a very welcome present, as it contains short remarks on those passages in which he swerves from the versions in common use; and the grounde of his version deserve the attention of critics. The passages on which the remarks are made, are generally very perplexed; but frequently new light is thrown on the subject, and they manifest on the part of the author both great industry, and great reading.

73 he finds a difficulty to express clearly; and follows Schrödern in giving it the force of perficere,' to mark that the work was completed. The common versions do not give the meaning of this passage; and yet if the derivation of the Latin word 'paro' from 7 is allowed, there seems no obscurity in it. God ceased from all the works which he had prepared to do. The meaning of w is thought to be improperly applied to shame' in ii, Gen. 25. but sufficient reasons are not given for changing it to merely embarrassment,' since the idea of shame is so frequently connected with the other word in other parts of scripture. On xv. 2, it is properly observed, that pron cannot mean a Damascene, since the name of the

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country is never set before a proper name, and either the prefix ♬ OF the suffix ought to be joined to pw: and besides, how could the man be called a Damascene, when we are told, he was born in the house of Abraham? The difficulties attending the passage are by no means surmounted. On K.1. 47, 31, it is properly observed, that every where the word en expresses the bowing of the head to another by way of respect or reverence, and the bowing both of Jacob and David, were bendings forward of their head as they were sitting upright at the bedstead expressive of reverence. Many simiJar remarks are made, and, enough is said to ensure the attention of the reader, and either to explain the difficulty, or to instigate him tẹ farther inquiry.

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ALPHABETIC INDEX

TO THE

AUTHORS NAMES AND TITLES OF BOOKS.

ACADEMY, Royal Irish, Transactions
of, 86. On Halley's Series for the
calculation of logarithms, by Murray.
Brindley's Solution of Kepler's prob.
Jem. Direct solution of do 87. La
Place's mode. Merit of Cassini's
method, 88. An essay on credulity,
by Preston, 8g. Examination of do.
credulity defined, go. A theorem for
finding the surface of an oblique cy-
Jinder. Demonstration of do. 91.
Essay on the natural advantages of
Ireland, 93. Account of the Whynn
dykes in the neighbourhood of the
Giant's causeway, 175. Journal
of the thermometer kept at Windsor,
Nova Scotia. Inquiry into the con-
sistency of Dr. Hutton's theory of the
earth. Essay on the rise and progress
of rhyme, 190. Notices relative to
some of the native tribes of North

America, 194 Considerations on
the history of ancient amatory
writers, 194. An Inscription on an
ancient sepulchral stone in the church-
yard of Kilcammin.

Alexander, a dissertation on the tomb
of, by Dr. Clarke, 274. The apo-
theosis of Alexander, 275. On the
upright posture of burial among the
Egyptians, The sarcophagus exa-
mined. Dr. Clarke's visit to it, 281.
Visits of the ancients to see it, 282,
283. Opinion of the work.
Alfred and Galba, by Campbell.
Alps, Description of the Greek, by
Beaumont,
Anacreon, Translation of, by Girdle-

stone,

331

508

219

Anatomy of the human body, by Bell,
221, 328

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Anecdotes of Frederic the Great, by
Thiebault, 337. Accommodation
of the author to the habits of Frederic,
337. His zeal, 338. His garrulity,
339 Frederic's passion for the ridi-
culous, exemplified in a ludicrous anec-
dote, 340, 341. His grief on the
death of Prince Henry, 342.
His

aversion to French mistresses, 344.
His remarks on the actor Le Kain,
345. The fate of Baron de Goerne, 347
Annals of the French empire,
Anticorsican,

537

219

543

Appendix to the family bible of Schnei
dus,

Art of preserving health,
536
Ashdowne's Supplement to an inquiry
into the scripture-meaning of the word
Satan,
433
Assalini's Observations on the plague,
108

Atonement, Jerram's letters on 323
Attempt to explain the late conduct of
Mr. Pitt,
98
Augusteum, or ancient monuments at
Dresden, by Becker, 468. Remarks
on the practice of embalming the
dead, 469. Sarcophagus of a mummy,
470. Fragments of a sphinx's head,
471. Difference between Egyptian
and Grecian workmanship, 471. The
cortina at Delphi, 471. A Pallas,

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APP. Vol. 5.

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