Carlyle Reader

Forsideomslag
CUP Archive, 3. maj 1984 - 497 sider

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Indhold

SELECTIONS FROM CARLYLES
13
POEMS 18231833
29
ON HISTORY 1830
55
CHARACTERISTICS 1831
67
ON HISTORY AGAIN 1833
104
DEATH OF EDWARD IRVING
113
LETTER ON SARTOR RESARTUS
120
LETTERS ON SARTOR RESARTUS
337
from Volume III Book IVTERROR
366
from Volume III Book VIIVENDÉMIAIRE
379
FROM ON HEROES AND HEROWOR
387
FROM PAST AND PRESENT 1843
407
LETTER TO JOHN STERLING 1844
418
FROM THE LIFE OF JOHN STERLING
460
FROM HISTORY OF FRIEDRICH II
469
FROM THE EARLY KINGS OF NOR
478

LETTERS ON THE FRENCH
343
LETTER TO JOHN STUART MILL 1835
344
from Volume I Book VIITHE INSURRECTION
355
LETTER TO HIS SISTER 1866
485
LETTER TO HIS SISTER 1869
493
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Om forfatteren (1984)

Thomas Carlyle was a social critic and historian born in Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, December 4, 1795, the same year as John Keats, but Carlyle is considered an early Victorian rather than a Romantic. After completing his elementary studies, he went to the University of Edinburgh but left in 1814 without a degree. His parents wanted him to become a minister in the Scottish church, but his independence of spirit made such a life program impossible. In 1816 he fell in love with, and was rejected by, a young woman. His love affair was followed by a period of doubt and uncertainty described vividly in Sartor Resartus, a work published in 1833 that attracted much attention. Carlyle's first literary work reveals his admiration for German thought and philosophy, and especially for the two great German poets Schiller and Goethe. The fictional autobiography of a philosopher deeply impressed Ralph Waldo Emerson who brought it back to the United States to be published there. History of the French Revolution (1837), rewritten after parts of it were mistakenly burned as kindling by John Stuart Mill, cemented Carlyle's reputation. The work brought him fame but no great wealth. As a result of his comparative poverty he was induced to give four series of public lectures. Of these the most famous were those On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic of History delivered in 1840 and published in 1841. Past and Present (1843), and Latter Day Pamphlets (1850) present his economic and industrial theories. With The Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell (1845), The Life of John Sterling (1851), and History of Frederick II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great (1858-1865) he returned to biography. In 1865, Carlyle was made Lord Rector of Edinburgh.

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