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Which would be all his solace and revenge,
As a despite done against the Most High,
Thee once to gain companion of his woe.
But listen not to his temptations; warn
Thy weaker; let it profit thee to have heard
By terrible example, the reward

Of disobedience. Firm they might have sto
Yet fell. Remember, and fear to transgress.


evenge, High,



ve heard,


have stood, ansgress."





Raphael, at the request of Adam, relates how and wherefore this World was first created :—that God, after the expelling of Satan and his Angels out of Heaven, declared his pleasure to create another World, and other creatures to dwell therein; sends his Son with glory, and attendance of Angels, to perform the work of creation in six days: the Angels celebrate with hymns the performance thereof, and his reascension into Heaven.

DESCEND from Heaven, Urania, by that name
If rightly thou art called, whose voice divine
Following, above the Olympian hill I soar,
Above the flight of Pegasean wing!

The meaning, not the name, I call; for thou
Nor of the Muses nine, nor on the top
Of old Olympus dwell'st; but, heavenly-born,
Before the hills appeared or fountain flowed,
Thou with Eternal Wisdom didst converse,
Wisdom thy sister, and with her didst play
In presence of the Almighty Father, pleased
With thy celestial song. Up led by thee,
Into the Heaven of Heavens I have presumed,
An earthly guest, and drawn empyreal air,
Thy tempering. With like safety guided down,
Return me to my native element;

Lest, from this flying steed unreined (as once
Bellerophon, though from a lower clime)
Dismounted, on the Aleian field I fall,

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Erroneous there to wander and forlorn.
Half yet remains unsung, but narrower bou
Within the visible Diurnal Sphere.

Standing on Earth, not rapt above the pole,
More safe I sing with mortal voice, unchang
To hoarse or mute, though fallen on evil day
On evil days though fallen, and evil tongues
In darkness, and with dangers compassed rou
And solitude; yet not alone, while thou
Visit'st my slumbers nightly, or when Morn
Purples the East. Still
govern thou my son
Urania, and fit audience find, though few.
But drive far off the barbarous dissonance
Of Bacchus and his revellers, the race
Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard
In Rhodope, where woods and rocks had ears
To rapture, till the savage clamour drowned
Both harp and voice; nor could the Muse de
Her son. So fail not thou who thee implore
For thou art heavenly, she an empty dream.

Say, Goddess, what ensued when Raphael,
The affable Archangel, had forewarned
Adam, by dire example, to beware
Apostasy, by what befell in Heaven
To those apostates, lest the like befall
In Paradise to Adam or his race,
Charged not to touch the interdicted Tree,
If they transgress, and slight that sole comma
So easily obeyed amid the choice

Of all tastes else to please their appetite,
Though wandering. He, with his consorted
The story heard attentive, and was filled
With admiration and deep muse, to hear
Of things so high and strange-things to thei
So unimaginable as hate in Heaven,

And war so near the peace of God in bliss,
With such confusion; but the evil, soon
Driven back, redounded as a flood on those
From whom it sprung, impossible to mix

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the pole, unchanged n evil days, Itongues, assed round, thou :n Morn

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With blessedness. Whence Adam soon repealed
The doubts that in his heart arose; and, now
Led on, yet sinless, with desire to know
What nearer might concern him-how this World
Of heaven and earth conspicuous first began;
When, and whereof, created; for what cause;
What within Eden, or without, was done
Before his memory-as one whose drouth,
Yet scarce allayed, still eyes the current stream,
Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites,
Proceeded thus to ask his Heavenly Guest:-
"Great things, and full of wonder in our ears,
Far differing from this World, thou hast revealed,
Divine Interpreter! by favour sent

Down from the Empyrean to forewarn

Us timely of what might else have been our loss,
Unknown, which human knowledge could not reach;
For which to the infinitely Good we owe
Immortal thanks, and his admonishment
Receive with solemn purpose to observe
Immutably his sovran will, the end

Of what we are. But, since thou hast voutsafed
Gently, for our instruction, to impart

Things above Earthly thought, which yet concerned
Our knowing, as to highest Wisdom seemed,
Deign to descend now lower, and relate
What may no less perhaps avail us known—
How first began this Heaven which we behold
Distant so high, with moving fires adorned
Innumerable; and this which yields or fills
All space, the ambient Air, wide interfused,
Embracing round this florid Earth; what cause
Moved the Creator, in his holy rest
Through all eternity, so late to build
In Chaos; and, the work begun, how soon
Absolved: if unforbid thou may'st unfold
What we not to explore the secrets ask
Of his eternal empire, but the more
To magnify his works the more we know.






And the great Light of Day yet wants to
Much of his race, though steep. Suspens
Held by thy voice, thy potent voice he hea
And longer will delay, to hear thee tell
His generation, and the rising birth
Of Nature from the unapparent Deep:
Or, if the Star of Evening and the Moon
Haste to thy audience, Night with her will
Silence, and Sleep listening to thee will wa
Or we can bid his absence till thy song
End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shir
Thus Adam his illustrious guest besough
And thus the Godlike Angel answered mild

"This also thy request, with caution ask
Obtain; though to recount almighty works
What words or tongue of Seraph can suffic
Or heart of man suffice to comprehend?
Yet what thou canst attain, which best may
To glorify the Maker, and infer
Thee also happier, shall not be withheld
Thy hearing. Such commission from abov
I have received, to answer thy desire
Of knowledge within bounds; beyond abst
To ask, nor let thine own inventions hope
Things not revealed, which the invisible Kin
Only omniscient, hath suppressed in night,
To none communicable in Earth or Heaven
Enough is left besides to search and know;
But Knowledge is as food, and needs no less
Her temperance over appetite, to know
In measure what the mind may well contain
Oppresses else with surfeit, and soon turns
Wisdom to folly, as nourishment to wind.

"Know then that, after Lucifer from Hea (So call him, brighter once amidst the host Of Angels than that star the stars among) Fell with his flaming legions through the De Into his place, and the great Son returned Victorious with his Saints, the Omnipotent

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