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Some discussion arose as to whether it was required by Rules III. and VI., that each candidate should be separately balloted for. The chairman (Dr. Hitchman) ultimately ruled that one ballot for the candidates proposed was all that the provisions of these rules required.

DR. HARINGTON TUKE also adverted to the propriety of the names of those to be proposed for the honorary membership being made known to the members in the circular calling the meeting; and in accordance with the provisions of Rule XVIII. he gave notice, that at the next annual meeting he would move that the following clause be added to Rule VI., viz. "That a month's notice of intention to propose the election of any honorary member be given to the Secretary, who shall inform each member of the Association of the same in the circular calling the Annual Meeting."

MILITARY LUNATIC ASYLUM.

Dr. LOCKHART ROBERTSON desired to direct the attention of the Association to a clause in section 16 of the "Report from the Select Committee on Medical Department, (Army,) ordered by the House of Commons to be printed 3rd July, 1856; in which the Committee recommend THAT MILITARY LUNATIC ASYLUM BE PROVIDED, AS EMBRACED IN THE DESIGN FOR THE NEW MILITARY HOSPITAL AT SOUTHAMPTON.'

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This recommendation of Mr. Stafford's committee would, he felt sure, command the hearty approval of every member of this Association.

A military lunatic asylum was first established by Sir James Mc'Grigor in 1819, at Fort Clarence, Chatham, and continued in full operation until 1846, when, at the advice of Her Majesty's commissioners in lunacy, who had always shewn a warm sympathy in the welfare of that establishment, it was removed to the naval hospital at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, which had been especially remodelled for the purpose. On the breaking out of the late war, however, the medical department of the Admiralty, expecting, as did all the country, that Sir Charles Napier's command in the Baltic would produce results somewhat equivalent to the bravados of the Reform Club dinner, decided that the Yarmouth hospital should again be fitted up for the reception of the wounded (?) of the Baltic fleet. The commissioners in lunacy in their 9th annual report, (May, 1855,) with reference to this closing of the Yarmouth lunatic hospital, make the following remarks:

"The Yarmouth hospital ceased in May, 1854, to be occupied as a hospital for military lunatics, possession of it having been resumed by the board of Admiralty for the purpose of a general hospital for the sailors of the Baltic fleet. At that time the lunatic patients at Yarmouth consisted of 19 officers, 69 soldiers, and 5 women; for whom it became necessary to provide elsewhere without delay. The Secretary of War having requested our opinion as to the best mode of providing for those inmates, we named Grove Hall, Bow, as a well-conducted asylum, and capable of affording proper accommodation for the soldiers and women; and we, at the same time, named Coton Hill lunatic asylum hospital, (an institution under good management, near Stafford,) for the officers. The patients were removed to these establishments accordingly. But we trust the arrangements thus made are merely of a temporary character, inasmuch as we should be unwilling to abandon the hope that a distinct asylum will be established for insane soldiers, for whom no public provision at present exists, except the very inadequate and unsuitable accommodation appropriated to them at Fort Pitt, Chatham."

In one of the earlier numbers of the Asylum Journal, attention was drawn in a leading article to the existence of this anomaly, and a hope also expressed that the arrangement might be of the most temporary nature. In July, 1855, Mr. Moody brought the question before the House of Commons, and in the first quarterly number of the Asylum Journal, (October, 1855,) he (Dr. Robertson) had published a paper, giving a detailed history of the military lunatic hospital.

These several efforts for the better accommodation and treatment of the insane soldier had resulted in the satisfactory recommendation by Mr. Stafford's committee, which he (Dr. Robertson) had just read to the meeting.

In furtherance of these efforts to ameliorate the condition of the insane soldier-efforts which he felt sure commanded the sympathy of every member of this Association, he now begged to move the following resolutions :—

"1. That this Association views with unqualified satisfaction the recommendation contained in the 16th section of the Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed on the medical department of the Army, "that a Military Lunatic Asylum be provided, as embraced in the design for the new Military Hospital at Southampton."

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2. That this Association desires respectfully to convey to

the Right Hon. the Minister of War and to the Director General of the Army Medical Department the satisfaction it will afford the members of this Association to place their practical experience in the arrangements of such institutions at the disposal of those to whom the fitting up and charge of the New Military Lunatic Hospital may be entrusted.

"That a copy of these two resolutions be forwarded to the Minister of War and to the Director General of the Army Medical Department."

DR. FORBES WINSLOW briefly seconded the resolutions, which were unanimously adopted.

ACTING SUB-COMMITTEE.

MR. CALEB WILLIAMS desired to draw attention to the importance of adding to the working machinery of the Association an Acting Sub-Committee, which could readily. be called together should any question involving the interests of the Association arise, any further legislation on the question of insanity be attempted, &c., &c. He would propose that a sub-committee be appointed with the usual powers of meeting and reporting to the Association on any subject which may at the time engage their attention, and that it be competent for this sub-committee to call an extraordinary meeting of the Association in accordance with the provisions of Rule X, to receive and consider any report which the sub-committee might desire to present. He begged to propose the following gentlemen as members of this sub-committee:

THE PRESIDENT FOR THE YEAR,

DR. CONOLLY,

DR. SUTHERLAND,

DR. FORBES WINSLOW,

DR. BUCKNILL,

DR. LOCKHART ROBERTSON.

It was desirable, Mr. Williams added, that whatever course they pursued, they would, if possible, move along with the Commissioners in Lunacy. He would not like them to be in antagonism to the Commissioners; on the contrary, he would rather they united; and seeing that some of the Commissioners were not medical men, it would not be improper in the Association to make suggestions and unite with the Commissioners in carrying out any measures of a salutary

nature.

DR. FORBES WINSLOW considered it important that the

Association should take an active part with reference to legislation, for he contended they had suffered materially for want of some such parliamentary supervision. When the two last acts were before the Legislature, and under discussion, he got hold of the draft of a bill, and discovered some most monstrous and unjustifiable provisions it. The bill being at that time in committee, he immediately acted in the matter. He sought interviews with Mr. Gladstone and other parliamentary friends of his, and also had a conversation with Lord Palmerston, and was thus enabled to effect some alterations in the bill (applause). Now if he could effect thus much single-handed, what could not a body acting on behalf of an Association like this, accomplish? (hear, hear). He thought a committee of the kind suggested most important, and he would delegate to them full power to act. If the committee was able to make any impression upon Government or the Legislature, he would then call together an extraordinary meeting of the Association, in order that they might act as a body. Parliament would never legislate at all times with right views on the care and treatment of the insane, until those who have the management of the insane take a more active part in the work of legislation. He begged to second the appointment of this sub-committee. DR. BUCKNILL was struck with the inertia of medical men. Mr. Spooner complained to the Medical Provincial Association at Birmingham, that he had been quite at sea with regard to the Medical Bill before the House of Commons. Mr. Spooner stated that he distributed the bill in every direction amongst medical men, in hopes that they would give him their opinion of its contents; but to his surprise he did not receive a single answer. He mentioned this with a view to enlist for the future a more active interest in medical legislation; for he felt persuaded that the profession had only to be united, in order to carry any measure that might be considered desirable (hear, hear). The resolutions were then carried nem. con.

THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENCE OF THE IRISH DISTRICT LUNATIC ASYLUMS.

DR. FORBES WINSLOW, adverting to a measure recently introduced to Parliament with reference to district asylums in Ireland, and the appointment of managers thereof, read the following extract from a letter received by Dr. Lockhart Robertson from Dr. Flynn, the resident physician of the District Lunatic Asylum at Clonmel :

"As the interests of the medical profession in England (so far as the legal obligation extends of having resident medical officers attached to Lunatic Asylums in England) seems secured, might I ask you to look at the case of Ireland, and its great lunatic hospitals. It is true, medical men, by favour or by force of public opinion, may be appointed, and are appointed, by Government to some asylums, but the principle not established by law; and nothing could prevent the Lord Lieutenant from nominating his valet or butler as manager of a district lunatic asylum in Ireland, if to him it seemed fit so to do. Nay, in the recent government bills introduced into parliament, no provision whatever was made to correct this glaring evil.”

Dr. Winslow said, it seemed perfectly monstrous that any legislative measure should be introduced, empowering the Government to appoint to the management of asylums any persons they chose and without requiring them to be medical men. During the last ten years, Government had always recognised the principle of appointing none but medical officers to posts of such responsibility and importance; but now the measure under notice did not recognise that principle, but left it perfectly optional to government to appoint whomsoever they thought proper. He begged to submit the subjoined resolutions for the consideration and approval of the Association :

"That this Association having seen a bill before the late session of Parliament having reference to the 'District Lunatic Asylums in Ireland,' but in which no provision was made for these institutions being superintended by medical men, feel it their duty earnestly and respectfully to call the attention of the Irish Executive, and the Government Inspectors of Asylums to this matter, with the view of suggesting that so important an omission should be provided against in any future bill that may be brought forward, it being the unanimous and decided opinion of this Association that establishments for the care and treatment of the insane, should have none but members of the medical profession in their immediate charge; and that this should not, as at present, be optional or accidental with the authorities in whose hands those appointments are placed, but be made legislatively compulsory, and be so provided for in any forthcoming bill that may be submitted to Parliament."

"That a copy of the foregoing resolution be transmitted by Dr. Stewart to the Chief Secretary for Ireland, and to the Government Inspectors of Asylums in Ireland."

DR. SEATON, in seconding the resolution, said that the Association should avail themselves of every opportunity to shew the government and the public, that lunacy is the result of disease. Unfortunately, an opinion, was too prevalent that lunacy is out of the category of disease; and

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