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they found as a consequence, that medical men were degraded to the point of mere keepers of mad houses. He hoped that that term would in future be expunged from the English language, and that the medical men now engaged in psychological science would be looked upon as men practising the highest branch of the profession. As medical men, they should protest against the public impression that lunacy is not connected with actual disease, and that, therefore, it is not necessary that the managers of asylums should be connected with the profession.

DR. STEWART was glad the subject had been taken up in the manner it had been. Under the bill referred to it would be quite optional whether the Irish Executive appointed medical or non-medical men to superintend the district asylums in that country; it was, in fact, a thorough go-a-head affair, as all connected with the management of asylums were classed in a body, from the highest to the lowest, as "officers." He admitted that for the past ten years, none but medical men had been appointed to the management; but the bill under consideration was not made compulsory in that respect, and if he chose, the Lord Lieutenant might appoint his valet or his butler to the office. That ought not to be. The appointment of medical men ought to be made a sine quá non. He was glad that the Association had taken the question up, for the bill had been merely withdrawn for the present and would be re-introduced


DR. BUCKNILL, adverting to the appointment of Mr. Lutwidge as one of the Commissioners in Lunacy, said that gentlemen had great claims to the respect and esteem of every member of the Association on account of the firmness, prudence, good temper, and gentlemanly feeling with which he had discharged for many years the duties of Secretary to the Commission (great applause). He proposed to embody these opinions in the following vote of congratulation:

"The members of the Association of Medical Officers of Asylums and Hospitals for the Insane, beg to congratulate R. W. S. Lutwidge, Esq., on his appointment to be one of the Commissioners in Lunacy. The firmness, prudence, good temper, and gentlemanly feeling with which the duties

of Secretary to the Commission have been discharged for many years, have elicited the most sincere respect and esteem for Mr. Lutwidge from the members of this Association, and they have been truly gratified by his appointment to the office of Commissioner.'

DR. FORBES WINSLOW had much pleasure in seconding the resolution. He bore cordial testimony to the uniform courtesy and urbanity, which all connected with the management of asylums had uniformly received, both on personal and general grounds, from Mr. Lutwidge, and he rejoiced that that gentleman had been placed on the Commission (applause).

The resolution was carried amidst applause.


DR. DAVEY then rose and said, that he took for granted that the resolution he was about to submit to them, was intimately connected with the objects of the Association, inasmuch as it had reference to the insane. If they had at heart the well-being of the insane, if they sympathized with the oppressed and the neglected, they would do that which he, in the discharge of a conscientious duty, was about to ask them to do. He took for granted that every member present was satisfied in his own mind of Dove's insanity; and he therefore called upon them to use their influence with the executive to obtain a reprieve for Dove, in accordance with the recommendation of the jury. Dr. Davey moved a resolution to the effect, that this Association, feeling assured of the insanity of William Dove, and the consequent irresponsibility for his acts, do earnestly entreat the Home Secretary to listen to the recommendation of the jury, and not allow the sentence of death to be carried into effect, on the plea of defective intellect.

After a slight pause,

DR. CALEB WILLIAMS rose and said, that every body would know from the statement he made at the trial, that he entertained no doubt of Dove's insanity. He believed that the proposition before the meeting was in accordance with the constitution of the Association; and he also thought that the majority of those present would agree that Dove was insane. But whether they were prepared to obtrude themselves, as an Association, upon the Government, was a question requiring grave consideration.

DR. FORBES WINSLOW submitted, that it would be impos

sible to call upon them, as an Association, to express any opinion as to the sanity or insanity of Dove. He expressed no opinion himself upon the point. If the resolution were put from the Chair, he was afraid Dr. Davey's humane and laudable object would be frustrated, and thus, perhaps, an irreparable injury done to Dove. For if it were to appear in the public prints that the opinion of a majority of those present was an adverse one, it would inevitably seal the fate of Dove. He did therefore hope, that the motion would be withdrawn; for he (Dr. Winslow) felt morally convinced, that if Dr. Davey persisted, instead of effecting the humane object he had in view, an opposite effect would be the result.

MR. EDDISON: Many of us may not have gone carefully through the evidence, and may not therefore be in a position to give a decided opinion. My feeling is certainly in favour of Dr. Davey's sentiment, yet I do not think, under the circumstances, it would be right to endorse it so firmly.

DR. DAVEY: I ask for a conscientious vote, and I therefore respectfully decline to act upon the advice tendered to me. I do it upon public principle. Conscientiously convinced as I am of Dove's insanity, I felt it to be a duty I owed to the cause of humanity and justice to submit this resolution, and I hope some one will second it. If it falls to the ground, I shall feel that I have simply done my duty.

MR. LEY had not formed a deliberate judgment upon the question, and he thought it would not be prudent for the Association to act.

DR. BUCKNILL earnestly added his advice to that of others to have the motion withdrawn. It was most inexpedient to discuss such a question at this meeting. It might be that gentlemen sitting at this Board entertained a strong opinion that Dove was not insane. They knew from the public prints that Dr. Davey and Dr. Caleb Williams were of opinion that he was; but others might be on the other side. He submitted that the question could not be gone into fairly, except at great length, and that it would be most inconvenient to enter upon a lengthy and arduous discussion of this nature.

DR. DAVEY thought this was an opportunity that ought not to be lost.

DR. SEATON thought the proposition admissible if brought forward at the proper time. Before a resolution of that kind could be discussed, the whole of the facts ought to have been laid before the meeting, otherwise a considerable num

ber of the Association might not be in a position to decide. For himself, he had a strong conviction that the man was, and is insane; but on the ground that Dr. Davey has not placed materials before the meeting on which to found a correct judgment, he must decline seconding the resolution. The motion consequently fell to the ground.


DR. FORBES WINSLOW rose with feelings of very great pleasure, to propose a vote of thanks to their able President, Dr. Hitchman (applause); they could all bear testimony to the urbanity and ability with which he had presided over their deliberations; and they most cordially thanked him for the kind and hospitable treatment they had received from him (applause). He was sure that he (Dr. Forbes Winslow) was only expressing the sentiments of the Association, in conveying to Dr. Hitchman their cordial and sincere thanks.

DR. CALEB WILLIAMS seconded the motion, and expressed the pleasure he had derived in going through this admirably conducted institution (applause).

The motion was carried by acclamation, and briefly acknowledged by DR. HITCHMAN, who said, he felt highly honoured in having been surrounded by so many distinguished gentlemen on the occasion. He regretted the inability of Dr. Conolly, Dr. Sutherland, Dr. Monro, and others to be present, but it was satisfactory to know that their feelings were heartily with them (applause). For himself personally, he could assure them that their presence there on this occasion had afforded him the highest possible pleasure.


On the motion of DR. BUCKNILL, seconded by DR. STEWART, the following resolution was passed amidst great applause: "That the best thanks of the Association be transmitted to the Committee of Visitors of the Derby County Asylum, for the use of this room, and for the pleasure and instruction the members have derived from their visit to the wards of this admirably arranged and well-conducted asylum." The meeting then separated.

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At half-past seven o'clock in the evening, the members of the Association, together with Dr. Heygate, H. F. Gisborne, S. W. Fearn, John Barber, and William Baker, Esqrs., sat down to a sumptuous repast at the King's Head Hotel. Dr. Hitchman presided; Dr. Lockhart Robertson occupying the vicepresidency. After the cloth was removed,

The CHAIRMAN rose and said: Gentlemen, I must trouble you for a few passing moments to do honour to a toast. It is one which requires no rhetoric to enforce it. It springs spontaneously in the hearts of Englishmen. Loyalty to our Queen is a magic spell which, while it nerves the arm of the weak and gives courage to the timid, dwells as a permanent sentiment in the hearts of the brave and the good. Gentlemen, the Queen merits our reverence and homage(much applause). Whether she spreads her influence over a Crystal Palace of Industry, over a Royal Academy of Music, and over the higher and purer productions of the Drama; or whether she encourages the struggles and aspirations of genius as displayed in the productions of sculpture and art; or whether, with queenly dignity, she opens the proceedings of our legislative chambers, she is entitled to our admiration and esteem-(much applause). Now, especially, if we contemplate her as in the gray dawn of a winter's morn, she, with a loving spirit and a brave heart, cheers her troops on to the seat of war, or behold her, as with womanly tenderness and queenly gratitude she visits the sick, and decorates the heroes on their return-(applause). In peace or in war, in the sanctities of private life, in the elegant hospitalities of the court, in her performance of great state acts, we see everything to admire, and nothing to regret ; and as a woman, as a wife, as a mother, and a Queen, she appeals to the loftiest emotions of our souls; and the age of chivalry would indeed be gone if, in the company of gentlemen, the toast of such a lady, and such a Queen, required more than its mere utterance to ensure for it a hearty welcome. I, therefore, without further prelude, propose "The health of Her Majesty the Queen." (The toast was drunk with three times three.) "Prince Albert, Albert Prince of Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family."

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The CHAIRMAN rose and said: Gentlemen, I have again to trouble you. I trust you will fill your glasses to do honour to "The Army and Navy' (applause) to that army which has added the names of Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, and Sebastopol to the bright roll which glittered with the names of Cressy, Agincourt, Poictiers, Blenheim, Torres Vedras, and Waterloo, but which now blends her laurel-wreaths of victory in companionship with the armies of France-which now rejoices to be the ally, the companion, the friend of her former magnanimous foe. May the prayers of two great nations be heard, and the conquerors of Austerlitz and Algeria be ever found the faithful allies, and the companions in arms of the conquerors of Assaye and Hindostan-(applause). If this be achieved, we shall not have fought in vain; indeed, we feel that the war has been fraught with brilliant results-that though there has been much, very much, to deplore-though the sun of its glory has been accompanied with clouds - yet has there been enough of brilliant valour and heroic endurance, to fringe these very clouds with a golden tinge, and to give a halo of glory even to its deepest gloom-(applause). Yes, gentlemen, though the waves of the Alma and the plains of Balaklava may not inspire such proud unmixed remembrances in the minds of Englishmen, as are indelibly associated in the Greek mind with the waters of Salamis and the plains of Marathon, yet never did the infantry of Greece march over the intervening plain between themselves and the Persians with higher resolves, with firmer hearts, with cooler discipline than swayed the brave Guards and Highlanders, as they advanced against the Russian hosts and their terrible redoubts; not across a mile of level ground like that which separated the mountain-foot of Marathon from the outposts of the Persian army, but wading through a river, beneath a fierce storm of well-planned shot, and shell,

* From The Derby and Chesterfield Reporter, August 8, 1856.

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