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W. E. H. LECKY'S WORKS

HISTORY OF THE RISE AND INFLUENCE OF THE SPIRIT OF RATIONALISM

EUROPE.

IN

2 vols. 8vo. Cloth, $4.00; half calf, extra, $8.00.

HISTORY OF EUROPEAN MORALS FROM AUGUSTUS TO CHARLEMAGNE.

2 vols. 12mo. Cloth, $3.00; half calf, extra, $7.00.

HISTORY OF ENGLAND IN THE EIGHTEENTH

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12m0. Cloth, $1.25.

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.

12mo. Cloth, $1.25 net; postage additional.

D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, NEW YORK.

THE

FRENCH REVOLUTION

CHAPTERS FROM THE AUTHOR'S HISTORY OF

ENGLAND DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

BY

WILLIAM EDWARD HARTPOLE LECKY

AUTHOR OF THE HISTORY OF EUROPEAN MORALS, DEMOCRACY
AND LIBERTY, RATIONALISM IN EUROPE, ETC.

WITH HISTORICAL NOTES BY

HENRY ELDRIDGE BOURNE

PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY

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D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, PUBLISHERS

NEW YORK ·:· BOSTON : CHICAGO

LA

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INTRODUCTION

THIS volume is made up of the three chapters in Mr. Lecky's History of England during the Eighteenth Century which discuss the causes of the French Revolution and describe its progress until the outbreak of the war with England. Mr. Lecky paused at this point because he felt that here the history of English politics in the eighteenth century came to an end. "From this time," he remarks, "English parties and politics assumed a new complexion, and trains of causes came into action which only attained their maturity at a much later period.” Accordingly his work, save in the portions on the Irish troubles, makes no allusions to later events in France, such as the Reign of Terror, the overthrow of Robespierre, and the conquest of the "Natural Frontiers." It should also be noted that he does not treat the internal history of even the early Revolution quite in the same manner or in as much detail as if this had been his principal theme. He describes it sufficiently to make clear its influence upon English

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