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By the Lord Verulam Viscount of S. Albons, &c.
Printed by the Assignes of IOHN
CONTENTS OF THIS ENSUING TREATISE.
Page What the Use of the Law principally consisteth in ...... 207 Surety to keep the peace ..
207 Action of the case, for slander, battery, &c. ....
207 Appeal of murder given to the next of kin .
207 Manslaughter, and when a forfeiture of goods, and when not 208 Felo de se, felony by mischance, deodand .
208 Cutting out of tongues, and putting out of eyes, made felony ...
208 The office of the constable
208 Two high constables for every hundred, and one petty constable for every village.
209 The King's Bench first instituted, and in what matters they anciently had jurisdiction ....
.. 209 The court of Marshalsea erected, and its jurisdiction within
twelve miles of the chief tunnel of the king, which is
209 Sheriff's Tourn instituted upon the division of England into
counties: the charge of this court was committed to the
210 Subdivision of the county courts into hundreds ...... 210 The charge of the county taken from the earls, and com
mitted yearly to such persons as it pleased the king .. 210 The sheriff is judge of all hundred courts not given away from the crown
210 County courts kept monthly by the sheriff .
210 The office of the sheriff
211 Hundred courts, to whom first granted
Lord of the hundred to appoint two high constables .. 211
Of what matters they inquire of in leets and law-days
Conservators of the peace, and what their office was
Conservators of the peace by virtue of their office ........ 212
Justices of peace ordained in lieu of conservators; of placing
and displacing of justices of peace by use delegated
from the king to the chancellor ...
The power of the justice of peace to fine the offenders to the
crown, and not to recompense the party grieved ...... 212
Authority of the justices of peace, through whom ran all the
Beating, killing, burning of houses ..
Attachments for surety of the peace
Recognizance of the peace delivered by the justices at their
Quarter-sessions held by the justices of peace
The authority of justices of the peace out of their sessions.. 214
Judges of assize came in place of the ancient judges in eyre,
England divided into six circuits, and two learned men in
the laws assigned by the king's commission to ride
twice a year through those shires allotted to that circuit,
for the trial of private titles to lands and goods, and all
treasons and felonies, which the county courts meddle
The authority of the judges in eyre translated by Parliament
The authority of the justices of assizes much lessened by the
Court of Common Pleas, erected in Henry III. time. . 215
The justices of assize have at this day five commissions by
which they sit, viz. 1. Oyer and Terminer. 2. Goal
3. To take assizes. 4. To take Nisi Prius.
Book allowed to clergy for the scarcity of them to be dis-
The course the judges hold in their circuits in the execution
of their commission concerning the taking of Nisi Prius 219
The justices of the peace and the sheriff are to attend the
of property of lands to be gained by entry.