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in their faith, and representing truly the mind of the country, that stands opposed to Catholic endowment for any political expediency. Four fifths of the inhabitants of Great Britain-twenty millions of Protestants are opposed to the stateestablishment of the priesthood of five millions of Roman Catholics, as a new, acknowledged, and endowed Interest in the social body and of the twenty millions, a number equal to the Catholic population, or about five millions, of Wesleyans, Free Church Presbyterians, and others supporting their own clergy, are entitled in equity to the same social influence, endowment, and acknowledged legal status, as it is proposed to confer on their Roman Catholic fellow-subjects. This is the true state of the parties in this great national question. No individuals are indifferent to it. All are taking a side, all are arraying themselves to oppose or support Catholic endowment, and a little time, a little irritation, a nearer approach of the question to a legislative shape, are all that is wanting to raise a bitter spirit of religious division in the country.

The question of Catholic endowment, besides being handled, as all great social interests with us too often are, merely as a party question, has only been considered as a religious question, or as one

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of political expediency. There is a third point of view, in which, from want of information on what is doing in other countries, it is seldom considered, viz. how is the Church of Rome working now on the civilisation, and social and moral well-being of the countries of mixed Catholic and Protestant population in which it has been endowed and established along with the Lutheran Church? How is it working in Prussia? Is it for good, or for evil? Here, if anywhere in political action, experience may be of use to a government proposing to adopt the same measures the endowment and acknowledgment of the Roman Catholic Church, as an integral part of our social structure, under some kind of Concordat with the Pope settling the relations of the Catholic priesthood to the Sovereign or State. The very remarkable event in the history of the nineteenth century recorded in the following pages - a a pilgrimage unequalled since the middle ages in the numbers and superstition of the pilgrims, and in the display of the material physical power of the established endowed Church of Rome even under an autocratic military government--may make men pause. It will be prudent to look over our neighbour's hedge, and see how the endowed established Roman Catholic hierarchy is working there on the

social condition of the people, and on the safety and tranquillity of the sovereign. It will be wise to consider more narrowly what may be the consequences of establishing any similar influence and interest in our social structure. Every contribution, however insignificant in itself, that gives information on what is going on in other countries of mixed Protestant and Catholic population, is of some value at the present moment when we are on the brink of a gulf, yet hesitating and doubtful whether to take a desperate leap, or to remain quietly, as we are, on our side. In this view, the Author has been at considerable trouble to collect the following Notes on the great religious movement in Germany--the pilgrimage of a million and a half of people to the holy coat exhibited at Trèves last autumn; and on the reaction of that movement, whether it is to be transitory or permanent, which, under Ronge, Czerzki, and other good and zealous men, has raised a German-Catholic Church in opposition to the hierarchy and idolatry of the Church of Rome. The Author has endeavoured to give an impartial view of both churches; and hopes his contribution may be useful to those who may wish to consider Catholic endowment in Ireland in its social results.








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CHRISTIANITY, after passing through fifteen centuries of superstition, one of reform, one of infidelity, and one of indifference, has reached an in which all these are blended an age of contrasts, in which superstition, pure religion, infidelity, and indifference are revived, and walking side by side, in every country and class of society. One of the events which express this character of our times very strongly, is the schism from the church of Rome of the German Catholics who adopt the views of Johannes Ronge and

J. Czerski, and are now establishing congregations of a German Catholic or Christian Catholic church purified from the errors and abuses of Popery, and independent of the power, spiritual or ecclesiastical, of the Pope, and of the hierarchy of the church of Rome. "Let me be rightly understood," says Czerski, a Catholic priest, who has renounced the Roman Catholic church and its errors, has entered into the married state, and joined the German Catholic church, and who, next to Ronge, is the most eminent of its founders,"I renounce the Pope and the false doctrines of the Roman Catholic hierarchy, but I remain a Catholic Christian, a Catholic priest. I will not be a Lutheran, nor a Calvinist, nor a Mennonite, nor a Greek Christian,-I will remain a Catholic, but according to the words of the Scriptures,-according to the precepts of Christ and his Apostles, I am and will be an Apostolic Catholic Christian, -an Apostolic Christian priest."*

This movement is but in progress. Where is

* Rechtfertigung meines Abfalles von der römischen Hofkirche. Ein offenes Sendschreiben an alle die da hören, sehen, und prüfen wollen und können, von Czerski, Apostolisch Katholischem Priester in Schneidemühl. Bromberg, 1845.

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