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communities, one of which, the brother-preachers of St. Dominic, had received, when they began the construction of their convent fifty years before, a joint charter from the pope and bishops of Bâsle and Constance to whose jurisdiction Minder-Bâsle was amenable; that no other monastic establishment should ever be allowed to fix within a very considerable distance of their domicile.

Whilst yet in doubt as to their future destiny, Rudolph of Habsburg was most unexpectedly raised to the imperial throne, at the very time he lay encamped in battle array before the city; and the inhabitants of Bâsle, on receiving the information, immediately threw open their gates, and despatched a deputation to welcome their sovereign, who soon afterwards made a triumphal entry. The war thus singularly as well as happily terminated, brought peace and prosperity even to the desolate fugitives from Klingenthal. Rudolph, naturally chivalrous and well-disposed, on learning the sad detail of their misfortunes, which arose from his dispute with the bishop, and their wish to establish themselves in Minder-Bâsle, interceded for them not only with the two bishops of Bâsle and Constance, but with the prior of the fraternity of Dominican monks, who had hitherto chiefly opposed their residence within the prescribed boundary. The ice thus broken by royal hands, the



course of the nuns experienced no further impediments. The Swabian nobility, many of whom had winter residences in Bâsle, and the citizens seemed to vie with each other in affording assistance and countenance to a helpless female community, which had suffered so much from dissensions now happily adjusted by imperial interference. The brotherpreachers, not limiting their benevolence to the mere sacrifice of their exclusive privilege, collected large sums from various confraternities of Dominicans, to whose rule they were subject, to enable them to lay the foundation of their new cloister; whilst the burgomaster and council of Bâsle gave up a considerable extent of ground for the site of the proposed edifice and a surrounding garden. Under these favourable auspices they commenced a spacious structure environed with massive walls at Minder-Bâsle, separated from the city so named by the Rhine, across which the beautiful wooden bridge which now exists had been recently thrown. And soon on the banks of that "exulting and abounding river," this, their third habitation, became the largest and most sumptuous religious institution in the rich and populous canton of Bâsle.

A return to peace and good order in the country brought back, also, a great part of the revenues of their ancient possessions in the valley of Werra. Land never disappears, not one stone now remains

upon another to mark the boundary line of the once extensive conventual buildings, but a green meadow, sheltered by lime and walnut trees, still bears the name of Klingenthal.

Five years after their settlement at Little-Bâsle, the "Sisters of Klingenthal," -the title they still chose to retain, out of gratitude to the family of the original founder, received a new and important distinction. The senate of Bâsle, not to be behind hand in piety, or loyalty, or gallantry, towards those "whom the king delighted to honour," granted them, in addition to their former donation of land, the rights and immunities of citizenship in the great city, together with many other civic advantages and endowments. The diploma, most graciously worded, declares, "that the burgomaster and citizens of Bâsle will preserve the Sisters of Klingenthal' as carefully as the apple of their eyes, and never permit, as far as they can help it, the least infringement of their rights, or that they shall be cited before any tribunal but their own; on condition, nevertheless, that for the well-being and good of the community in general, and for the sake of wholesome example, they, the said pious sisters, shall serve the Lord uninterruptedly; chanting daily services in their church, and follow their rules as a sober Sisterhood, dedicated to holiness and good works.” *

* Conservateur Suisse.



On the seventeenth day of May, 1297, their beautiful church was finally completed, and solemnly consecrated with great pomp and splendour by Boniface, suffragan or vicar-general of the Bishop of Bâsle, who was in declining health. It was dedicated to the Virgin, and, from that epoch, part of the highest nobility of the canton and its environs selected the choir for their sepulchre. Tombs bearing the escutcheons of the counts of Kybourg and Habsburg, ancestors of the imperial line now occupying the throne of Germany - the barons of Neuchâtel, and many other counts and knights, successively arose, in all the heavy magnificence of the succeeding age, within the profusely adorned walls of this once beautiful Gothic building.

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The monuments of Walter Clingen and his wife (whose bodies were removed to Bâsle) with their three daughters Clara, Margravine of Baden, Katherine, countess of Pfirt, and Verena, countess of Veringen, as founders and founders' kin, were buried before the high altar; where was also inhumed Simon of Thierstein, with whom they were connected by marriage.* He had, however, other and far

* Simon of Thierstein flourished about a hundred years after the foundation of Klingenthal. The gentleness of his conduct in the domestic relations of life, is thus artlessly attested by an old writer. Count Simon married Verena, daughter and coheiress of the baron of Nidau; and having one day before he went on a long journey, sent a handsome young varlet to

greater claims to this antique religious honour. Forgetting the spirit of caste, he was gratefully known to posterity by nobly stepping forward to unite in a treaty made with the Bâlois, to preserve by force of arms liberty of commerce and the security of the high roads against several lawless barons, knights, and squires, who exercised brigandage with such unblushing effrontery and violence, that the merchants were previously obliged to go in numerous companies

prison, in the castle of Wallenbourg, the countess, after her husband's departure, ordered his release. The castellain not daring either to comply or give up the keys, the lady proceeded into the dungeons, and with a hatchet, herself broke off the locks and fetters that bound the captive. The good count, on learning what had happened from the castellain, only shook his head, saying, the countess was a noble dame of great spirit. John of Vienne, bishop of Bâsle, declared war against him and his brother-in-law, Count of Habsburg, who married this spirited lady's sister, because they had not received from the Episcopal bench the investiture of the lordship of Nidau, and each paid a very large fine to appease his resentment.

Beauty, genius, and valour are said to be sometimes hereditary in favoured races; the possession of the former appears to have distinguished the baronial family of Klingen. The three daughters of Walter, first founder of Klingenthal, were considered eminently beautiful, and made splendid connections; for the count of Pfirt, though not at the head of a royal house, was connected with royalty, Johanna, his aunt, having married the Archduke Albert, of Austria; and he had extensive domains with a stronghold, two miles only from Bâsle.-Albert, almost the last shoot of the fast-withering genealogical tree of Klingen, has been transmitted to posterity as a singularly handsome man, by several historians.

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