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AN

ESSAY

CONCERNING

HUMAN UNDERSTANDING.

WRITTTEN

BY JOHN LOCKE, GENT.

ALSO,

EXTRACTED FROM THE AUTHOR'S WORKS,

1. Analysis of Mr. Locke's Doctrine | IV. Some Thoughts concerning Read

of Ideas, on a large Sheet.

II. A Defence of Mr. Locke's Opinion

concerning personal Identity

III. A Treatise on the Conduct of the
Understanding.

V.

VI.

ing and Study for a Gentleman.
Elements of Natura! Philosophy.
A New Method of a Common-
Place Book,

A NEW EDITION.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

GLASGOW:

PRINTED FOR

D. M'VEAN, HIGH-STREET;

AND FOR JOHN CARFRAE AND THOS. NELSON, E DINBURGH.

1819.

19 NOV 1962

TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

THOMAS,

EARL OF PEMBROKE AND MONTGOMERY,

Baron Herbert of Cardiff, Lord Ross of Kendal, Parr, Fitzhugh, Marmion, St. Quintin, and Shurland; Lord President of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and Lord Lieutenant of the County of Wilts, and of South Wales.

MY LORD,

THIS Treatise, which is grown up under your Lordship's eye, and has ventured into the world by your order, does now, by a natural kind of right, come to your Lordship for that protection, which you several years since promised it. It is not that I think any name, how great soever, set at the beginning of a book, will be able to cover the faults that are to be found in it. Things in print must stand and fall by their own worth, or the Reader's fancy. But there being nothing more to be desired, for truth, than a fair unprejudiced hearing, nobody is more likely to procure me that than your lordship, who are allowed to have got so intimate an acquaintance with her, in her more retired recesses. Your lordship is known to have so far advanced your speculations in the most abstract and general knowledge of things, beyond the ordinary reach or common methods, that your al

lowance and approbation of the design of this treatise, will at least preserve it from being condemned without reading; and will prevail to have those parts a little weighed, which might otherwise, perhaps, be thought to deserve no consideration, for being somewhat out of the common road. The imputation of novelty is a terrible charge amongst those who judge of men's heads, as they do of their perukes, by the fashion; and can allow none to be right but the received doctrines. Truth scarce ever yet carried it by vote any where at its first appearance: new opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason, but because they are not already commen. But truth, like gold, is not the less so for being newly brought out of the mine. It is trial and examination must give it price, and not any antique fashion and though it be not yet current by the public stamp; yet it may, for all that, be as old as nature, and is certainly not the less gemine. Your Lordship can give great and convancing instances of this, whenever you please to oblige the public with some of those large and comprehensive discoveries you have made of 'truths hitherto unknown, unless to some few, from whom your lordship has been pleased not wholly to conceal them. This alone were a sufficient reason, were there no other, why I should dedicate this Essay to your Lordship; and its having some little correspondence with some parts of that nobler and vast system of the sciences your Lordship has made so new, exact, and instructive a draught of, I think it glory nre and there I have fallen into some thoughts not wholly different from yours. If your lordship think fit, that, by your encouragement, this should appear in the world, I hope it may be a reason, some time or other, to lead your lordship farther;

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