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Although far from their homes and their beloved sanctuary, they respected the day. When they camped on Saturday night, all the necessary preparations were made for a quiet, restful Sabbath. All the wood that would be needed to cook the day's supplies was secured, and food that required cooking was prepared.
were stowed away, and although sometimes ducks or other game would come near, they were not disturbed. Generally two religi ous services were held and enjoyed. The testaments and hymnbooks were well used throughout the day, and an atmosphere of "Paradise Regained" seemed to pervade the place.
At first, long years ago, the Hudson's Bay Company's officials bitterly opposed the observance of the Sabbath by their boatmen and tripmen; but the missionaries were true and firm, and although persecution for a time abounded, eventually right and truth prevailed, and our Christian Indians were left to keep the day without molestation. And, as has always been found to be the case in such instances, there was no loss, but rather gain. Our Christian Indians, who rested the Sabbath day, were never behindhand. On the long trips into the interior or down to York Factory or Hudson Bay, these Indian canoe brigades used to make better time, have better health, and bring up their boats and cargoes in better shape, than the Catholic half-breeds or pagan Indians, who pushed on without any day of rest. Years of studying this question, judging from the standpoint of the work accomplished and its effects upon man's physical constitution, apart altogether from its moral and religious aspect, most conclusively taught me that the institution of the one day in seven as a day of rest is for man's highest good.
So destitute are these wild north lands of roads that there are really no distinct words in the languages of these northern tribes to represent land vehicles. In translating such words as "waggon" or "chariot" into the Cree language, a word similar to that for "dog sled" had to be used.
So numerous are the lakes and rivers that roads are unnecessary to the Indian in the summer time. With his light birch canoe he can go almost everywhere he desires. If obstructions block up his passage, all he has to do is to put his little canoe on his head, and a short run will take him across the portage, or around the cataracts or falls, or over the height of land to some other lake or stream, where he quickly embarks and continues his journey.
All summer travelling is done along the water routes. Naturally the various trading-posts and Indian villages or encampments are located on the edges of the lakes or rivers, or very near them, so
as to be most conveniently reached in this way. So short are the summers that there are only about five months of open water to be depended upon in these high latitudes. During the other seven months the dog sled is the only conveyance for purposes of travelling. So rough and wild is the country that we know of no vehicle that could take its place, and no animals that could do the work of the dogs.
The trail to Nelson is through one of the finest fur-producing regions of the North-West. Here the wandering Indian hunters make their living by trapping such animals as the black and silver foxes, as well as the more common varieties of that animal. Here are to be found otters, minks, martens, beavers, ermines, bears, wolves, and many other kinds of the fur-bearing animals. Here the black bears are very numerous. On one canoe trip one summer we saw no less than seven of them, one of which we shot and lived on for several days.
Here come the adventurous fur traders to purchase these valuable skins, and great fortunes have been made in the business. If, merely to make money and get rich, men are willing to put up with the hardships and privations of the country, what a disgrace to us if, for their souls' sake, we are afraid to follow in those hunters' trail, or, if need be, show them the way, that we may go with the glad story of a Saviour's love!
"We are toiling through the darkness, but our eyes behold the light
He will come in glorious majesty to sweep away all wrong;
He will heal the broken-hearted and will make His people strong;
"He is calling on His people to be faithful, prompt, and brave,
"Let us fight against the evils with our faces towards the light;
UNDER THE POTTER'S HAND.
BY E. O. WERDEN.
"We are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand."- Isa. lxiv. 8..
"Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?"-Rom. ix. 21.
THE Potter is putting His foot to the wheel;
'Tis turning swiftly round and round;
And heavy upon me His hand I feel,
Where too much of earth He has found.
Yet slack not the speed of Thy treading, my Lord,
The losses of earth sustained at Thy hand,
If perfectly patterned at last may I stand,
As nought then I'll count the throes I now feel;
A DAY WITH THE DEAF MUTES, BELLEVILLE.
BY REV. E. N. BAKER, M.A., B.D.
-is an educational centre. It has a good common and high school, two first-class business colleges, Albert College doing most efficient work for the Church and country, and, last of all, the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb. For situation, size and equipment, the last is first. This magnificent pile of buildings, consisting of the main school, the workshops, the hospital, and the residence of the principal, is situated about a mile west of the city on the beautiful Bay of Quinte. It is fully equipped with a most efficient staff of teachers and all necessary helps for the training of the unfortunate class of deaf mutes. It is a Christian institution, its very idea is Christian. It is a monument of the Christian spirit of this age. It is Applied Christianity in bricks and mortar. The management is Christian! not Roman Catholic, nor Anglican, nor Presbyterian, nor Baptist, nor Methodist; it is Catholic, in the true sense of the word. The different pastors of the city can, through an interpreter, each address the pupils of his religious denomination as frequently as he desires at the close of the school.*
MR. R. MATHISON,
Superintendent of Ontario Institution
The Institution is practically free, as there is only a few pupils whose parents pay anything. The tuition, books and medical
*From the last report of the institution we learn that the total number of pupils in attendance in 1893 was 298. From the beginning of the institution there have been in all 982 pupils who have received a more or less thorough education. The report of the public inspector states: "It is safe to add the observation that the unusual success of the literary training of the pupils of the Institution arises from a practical common-sense