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HISTORY OF EDUCATION

IN MODERN TIMES

BY

FRANK PIERREPONT GRAVES, PH.D.

PROFESSOR OF THE HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN THE UNIVERSITY OF
PENNSYLVANIA. FORMERLY PROFESSOR OF THE HISTORY

OF EDUCATION IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI

AND IN OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY

New York

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1915

All rights reserved

370,902
97766

Set

COPYRIGHT, 1913,

BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.

up and electrotyped. Published December, 1913. Reprinted
April, December, 1914; July, 1915.

Norwood Press:

Berwick & Smith Co., Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.

ΤΟ

JAMES ROWLAND ANGELL

TEACHER AND FRIEND

PREFACE

The present work is a continuation of A History of Education before the Middle Ages and A History of Education during the Middle Ages and the Transition to Modern Times. In a measure it covers the same period as the Great Educators of Three Centuries; but, as indicated in the preface to that book, the purpose and method of approach of the two works are quite different. The biographical material has here been reduced to a minimum; more attention is given to general educational movements than to individual reformers; and an attempt has been made to select and interpret the facts of the successive chapters in such a way as to form a connected narrative, and to furnish a suitable historical and social perspective. To obtain such a setting, it has seemed well to interweave a certain amount of political history. Owing, however, to the extent and ramifications of modern historical movements, such ancillary matter has proved less tractable and illuminating, and has been given less prominence than in the preceding volumes. And while I have continued to view the educational process from the standpoint of the development of individualism, the greater complexity of the subject-matter and a due respect for the facts have saved me from taking this interpretation too seriously. Save for the brief initial and concluding chapters, there is little express reference to it.

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