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XXIX. THE WILL-POWERS.-GENERAL VIEW.

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THE CAPABILITIES OF THE MIND. THE INTELLECTUAL FACULTIES.

THE FEELINGS.

HUMAN INSTINCTS.
COMMON INSTINCTS.

STRICTLY BRUTE INSTINCTS.

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REPRESENT
ATIVE
POWERS.

IMAGINATION. PHANTASY. MEMORY.

IDEALS.

PHANTASMS.

MEMORIES.

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THE PERCEPTIVE POWERS.

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PRODUCTS.

SIXTH PART.

THE WILL-POWERS.

By these we mean our capabilities to attend, determine, and act. Will is the power to make intentional efforts. Knowing, feeling, willing is the logical order of soul activity; hence we place at the summit of the psychological pyramid the will-powers.

8. THE WILL-POWERS.

2. THE EMOTIONS.

1. THE COGNITIVE POWERS.

Knowing occasions emotion; emotion occasions choice and action. The telegram states that your brother is dying; you are grieved to the heart; you hasten to soothe him in his dying hour.

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You concentrate your powers on the geometry lesson; self, as attention, concentrates his efforts. You determine to spend vacation in California; self, as choice, determines. You execute your plan; self, as

action, executes his determinations. Because choice is the pre-eminent will-power, we place it as the cap-stone of the psychological pyramid.

Will, Emotion, Intellect.-Will is mind in liberty. Voluntary acts are intentional acts. We are endowed with capabilities to form and execute plans. Liberty, intention, and volition are the characteristics of will, and distinguish the will-powers from the emotions and the intellect.

CHAPTER XXVI.

ATTENTION.*

By attention is meant the power to concentrate our efforts. Self, as attention, concentrates his efforts, prolongs his efforts, and changes his efforts. Like consciousness and memory, attention in some degree enters into all distinct mental activity. What the will can do is to fix the attention.

1. Self, as attention, concentrates effort.-As we can, under an adequate motive, observe one point in the scene before us and neglect everything else; as we can single out one sound and be deaf to the general hum; as we can apply ourselves to the appreciation of one flavor in the midst of many, or be aware of a pressure on a particular part of the body to the neglect of the rest—so in mental attention we can fix one idea firmly in the view, while others are coming and going unheeded.

2. Attention is characteristic of cultivated minds. In the uneducated and badly educated it is more or less wanting. The power of giving the whole of the mind to any subject or work, what

* Re-examine Chapter I; also, see "Education of Attention," "Applied Psychology."

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