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GERMAN.

REV. C. SCHOELL, PHIL. DR.

To be translated into English

Nie hat es eine Fürstin gegeben, die einen welthistorischen Kampf unter größeren Gefahren und mit glücklicherem Erfolge bestanden hätte, als Königin Elisabeth. Ihr Großvater hatte die politische, ihr Vater die kirchliche Emancipation von den beherrschenden Einflüssen des Continents begonnen: deren Werk nahm Elisabeth wieder auf und führte es gegen Rom und gegen. Spanien siegreich durch, unter steigender Theilnahme ihres Volkes, das dabei in ein neues Stadium seiner Entwicklung trat. Mit der Selbständigkeit und Macht von England ist ihr Andenken untrennbar verbunden.L. RANKE'S Englische Geschichte.

Grammatical Questions.

1. Give the genitive singular of the substantives-Fürstin, Kampf, Vater, Spanien, Einfluß and Entwicklung.

2. Decline mancher große Mann (singular and plural.

3. Give the comparative and superlative of groß, gut, viel, hoch, stolz and gerade.

4. Give the first person of the present indicative and the past participle of the verbs-fliehen, fliegen, bringen, dringen, drängen and wollen.

5. Conjugate the present and imperfect subjunctive of the verbs-dürfen, sein and denken.

6. Give three separable compound verbs, and state the rule about separating the prefix from the verb.

To be translated into German :

I.

My brother takes German lessons three times a-week.

He has lost a shilling, it does not matter.

Have you been out for a walk? I shall call on you to-morrow morning at half-past eleven o'clock. Translate these sentences, if you please. I find them rather difficult, but I will try.

II.

Our friends informed us, that Shinte would be highly honoured by the presence of three white men in his town at once. Two others had sent forward notice of their approach from another quarter; could it be Barth or Krapf? How pleasant to meet with Europeans in such a region ! This thought made me almost forget my fever. "Are they of the same colour as I am?" "Yes; exactly so." "And have they the same hair?" "Is that hair? we thought it was a wig; we never saw the like before; this white man must be of the sort that lives in the sea."-LIVINGSTONE'S Travels.

GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY.

S. P. WOODWARD, F.G.S.

1. Describe the composition and physical characters of gravel, sand, clay and chalk.

2. Make a sketch of a cliff, quarry, or railway cutting; mark the lines of bedding, and the joints

by which courses of rock are divided. Distinguish limestone, sandstone, and clay, by the conventional signs generally employed.

3. In what manner have the great secondary and tertiary strata of clay, sandstone and limestone being formed, and from what primary rocks or other sources have their materials been derived?

4. What physical peculiarities, and what kind of organic remains especially characterize deposits formed in shallow water, and between tide-marks?

5. Sketch an ideal section of a mountain chain, with an axis of plutonic and metamorphic rocks, flanked by inclined palæzoic strata, and represent the secondary and tertiary formations reposing undisturbed and conformably on either side. Draw another section of a mountain-range, newer than the secondary strata, but older than the tertiary deposits.

6. What are the principal data for determining the geological age of a stratified rock?

7. What English strata are composed, to a great extent, of fossil coral reefs?

8. What minute organic remains enter largely into the composition of the chalk formation; and what inferences would you derive from their presence respecting the origin of that stratum?

9. What peculiarity of structure distinguishes the fossil fishes of the older rocks, and in what strata do the Cycloid and Ctenoid fishes make their appearance?

10. Which order of Mammalia is most developed in the old tertiary strata of England ;-which in the tertiaries of South America, and which in Australia?

11. If a stratum contains marine shells of which less than 50 per cent. are recent species, to what geological age would you assign its origin?

12. What is the probable age of a rock containing fossil shells of the genera Ceratites, Ammonites, and Trigonia?

13. What is the age of a limestone in the Andes abounding in specimens of Producta Cora, and Spirifera striata, shells occurring fossil also in England?

14. Enumerate the principal British strata in the order of their succession.

15. What substances are included in the mineral kingdom, and how is a mineral distinguished from a rock or fossil ?

16. Give examples of "native" minerals; also, of sulphides, fluorides, silicates, carbonates and sulphates, such as are of common occurrence, or of practical importance.

17. State the chemical composition of copper pyrites, malachite and cryolite.

18. Name the minerals which have been chosen to represent the scale of hardness.

19. What substances are capable of replacing the lime in a crystal of augite or hornblende without altering its crystalline form?

20. What crystalline forms are easily obtainable by cleavage from fluor, galena, calcite, and blende?

21. Draw crystals of rock-salt, diamond, quartz, calcite and garnet.

22. Enumerate the principal varieties of coal. 23. From what geological sources is the supply of phosphates used in agriculture principally derived?

24. Name the accompanying specimens of minerals, rocks, and fossils.

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