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London Publish'd by a kandey, Fleet Street, Sep.1.1810.

month of January, 1768, which is the time of summer in that part of the globe, notwithstanding which two of the company fell a sacrifice to the cold only by sleeping one night, and Dr. Solander himself hardly escaped. Lat. 52. 30 to 35. 35 S. Lou. 69 to 76 W. FUEL. s. (from feu, fire, French.) The matter or aliment of fire (Prior).

To FUEL. v. a. (from the noun.) 1. To feed fire with combustible matter (Donne). 2. To store with firing (Walton).

FUEILLEMORTE. (French.) Corruptly pronounced and written philomot. Brown, like a withered leaf in autumn (Locke). FUEN-HOA, a city of China, in the province of Pe-tcheli, celebrated for its extent and the number of its inhabitants, as well as for the beauty of its streets and triumphal arches. It is situated near the great wall, amidst mountains; and has under its jurisdiction, besides two cities of the second and eight of the third class, a great number of fortresses, which bar the entrance of China against the Tartars. FUEN-TCHEOU-FOU, a commercial city of China, in the province of Chang-si. Its baths and springs, almost as hot as boiling water, attract a great number of strangers. Its district contains one city of the second, and seren of the third class.

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FUGACIOUS. a. (fugax, Lat.) Vola

FUGA'CIOUSNESS. s. Volatility; the quality of Alving away.

FUGACITY. s. (fugax, Latin.) 1. Volatility; quality of flying away (Boyle). 2. Uncertainty; instability.

FUGALIA, a Roman festival, held annually in honour of Fugia, the goddess of joy. FUGH. interj. An expression of abhorrence. Commonly fok (Dryden). FUGITIVE. a. (fugitivus, Latin.) 1. Not tenable; not to be held or detained. 2. Unsteady; unstable; not durable. 3. Volatile; pt to fly away (Woodward). 4. Flying; runfrom danger (Milton). 5. Flying from duty; falling off (Clarissa). 6. Runagate; vagabond (Wotton).


FUGITIVE. s. (from the adjective.) One who runs from his station or duty (Den.). 2. One who takes shelter under another power from punishment (Dryden). 3. One hard to be caught or detained (Harte).

FUGITIVENESS. s. (from fugitive.) 1. Volatility; fugacity (Boyle). 2. Instability;


FUGUE, in music (from fuga, a chase), a composition in which one part leads off some determined succession of notes, and, after successive short intervals of time, other parts fly after it, as it were, repeating notes in a similar order, but at the distance of a fifth or octave: the whole being rendered consistent with the other acknowledged rules of harmony. This is denominated the simple fugue. When the music begins with two or more different points, and the parts intermix or change alternately, the piece is called a double fugue. And when the succeeding parts are made to fly in opposite

directions, some ascending, the others descending, the piece is called a counter fugue.

FUIRENA. In botany, a genus of the class triandria, order monogynia. Ament im bricate with awned scales; calyxless; corol three-valved; the valves petal-form, inversely heart-shaped, terminated by an awn. One species; a tall grass of Surinam and Jamaica, with terminal and axillary panicles.

FUEA, or THULE, one of the Shetland islands, W. of Mainland. It is thought by some to be the same which the ancients reckoned the ultimate limit of the habitable globe, and to which, therefore, they gave the appellation of ultima Thule. It is doubtful, however, whether this be really the island so called; because, had the ancients reached it, they must have seen land still further to the N. E.; Mainland, Yell, and Unst, being all further N.

FULCIMENT. s. (fulcimentum, Latin.) That on which a body rests, which acts or is acted upon at each end (Wilkins).

FULCRE. In botany: (fultum, from fulcio.) Prop, or support. A help to vegetables for their commodious sustentation.-Fulcra adminicula plantæ sunt, pro commodiore sustentatione.

Fulcres are of seven kinds.-1. Stipula or stipule. 2. Bractea or bracte. 3. Spina or thorn. 4. Aculeus or prickle. 5. Cirrus, clasper or tendril. 6. Glandula or gland. 7. Pilus, hairs or pubescence, or as Linnéus has arranged them, in Delin. Pl.

1. Petiolus, the petiole, leaf-stalk or footstalk. 2. Stipula. 3. Cirrus. 4. Pubes. 5. Arma, arms or instruments of defence; comprehending prickles, thorns and stings. 6. Bractea. 7. Pedunculus, the peduncle, flower-stalk and fruit-stalk. These terms are explained in their several places.

FULCRUM, in mechanics, the prop or support by which a lever is sustained.

FULDE, a considerable town of Germany, in the circle of the Upper Rhine, and in the Buchaw, with a celebrated abbey. Lat. 50. 40 N. Lon. 9. 43 E.

To FULFIL. v. a. (full and fill.) 1. To fill till there is no room for more (Shak.). 2. To answer any prophecy or promise by performance (Acts). 3. To answer any purpose or design (Milton). 4. To answer any desire by compliance or gratification (Dryden). 5. To answer any law by obedience (Milton).

FULFRA'UGHT. a. (full and fraught.) Fully stored (Shakspeare).

FULGENCY. s. (fulgens, Lat.) Splendour; lustre; glitter.

FULGENT. a. fulgens, Lat.) Shining; dazzling; exquisitely bright (Milton). FULGID. a. (fulgidus, Latin.) Shining, glittering; dazzling.

FULGIDITY. s. (from fulgid.) Splendour. FULGORA. Lanthorn-fly. In zoology, a genus of the class insecta, order hemiptera. Head hollow, inflated, extended forwards; antennas short, seated beneath the eyes; consisting of two joints, the outer one larger and

globular; snout elongated, inflated, four-jointed legs ambulatory. Twenty-five specieschiefly of India and South America; a few of Africa and Europe, and one of our own country. The following are the most curious.

1. F. lanternaria. Front extended straight; wing-cases variegated; wings with each a large ocellated spot. This is a very elegant as well as a very extraordinary insect. Its length, from the tip of the front to that of the tail, is nearly three inches and a half; and from wing's end to wing's end, when expanded, nearly five inches and a half. The head is nearly as long as the whole of the rest of the animal; and is the immediate seat of that light for which this insect is so remarkable. The ground colour is an elegant yellow, with a strong tinge of green in some parts, and marked with numerous bright red-brown variegations in the form of stripes and spots: while in the beautiful ocellated spot in the lower pair of wings the iris or external circle is scarlet, and the pupil half scarlet and half semi-transparent white.

It inhabits Surinam and other parts of South America; and emits a beautiful and strong phosphoric light from the hollow part of the head. Madame Merian, in her work on the Insects of Surinam, asserts that the Fight of one of them alone is suflicient to read a common newspaper by: although she does not pretend, as Dr. Darwin has ascribed to her, in the way of poetic licence, in a note subjoined to his poem on the Loves of the Plants, to have drawn and finished her figure of this extraordinary insect by its own light. See Nat. Hist. Pl. CXIX.

2. F. candelaria. Front extended, ascending; wing cases green, spotted with yellow; wings yellow, tipt with black; head and front red; measures nearly two inches in length from the top of the front to the extremity of the tail; and two and a half inches in breadth, with the wings expanded. It is, like the last, a very elegant insect, and like that yields a considerable portion, though, as being smaller, not an equal portion, of intrinsic light. It is a native of China.

3. F. diadema. Front expanded; muricate, trifid at the tip: wings black, edged with red. Inhabits India; and in size and phosphoric powers a rival of the last.

4. F. Europæa. Front conic; body green; wings hyaline, reticulate: inhabits Europe; and the only species of the genus that has been found in England. It was the earliest discovered in Europe, and hence its specific name; but this name is now improper, as many others have since been discovered to possess an European origin.

Several of these species are luminous, and especially F. lanternaria, F. candelaria, and F. diadema. The phosphoric splendour, contrary to the physiology of the lampyris, proceeds from its head; and is so strong, that travellers are said to be directed on their journey by fixing one or two of them to the end of a stick. "The Indians," says Mad. Merian,

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once brought me, before I knew that they shone by night, a number of these lanthornflies, which I shut up in a large wooden box. In the night they made such a noise that I woke in a fright and ordered a light to be brought, not knowing whence the noise proceeded. As soon as we found that it came from the box, we opened it but were still much more alarmed, and let it fall to the ground at seeing a flame of fire come out of it; and as many animals as came out, so many flames of fire appeared. When we found this to be the case, we recovered from our fright, and again collected the insects, highly admiring their splendid appearance." See LUMINOUS ANIMALS.

FULGOUR. s. (fulgur, Latin.) Splen dour; dazzling brightness (Moore). FULGURATION. s. (fulguratio, Latin.) The act of lightning.

FULHAM. s. A cant word for false dice. (Shakspeare).

FULHAM, a village in Middlesex, four miles W. by S. of London. It is seated on the Thames, and has been the demesne of the bishop of London ever since the conquest.

FU'LICA. In zoology, a genus of the class aves, order gralleæ. Bill convex, upper mandible arched over the lower at the edge; lower gibbous near the tip; nostrils oblong, front bald; feet four-toed, subpinnate. These frequent waters, and feed on worms, insects, and small fishes; have a body compressed; bill thick and bent in towards the tip, the upper mandible reaching far up the forehead; wings and tail short. The gallinules have the feet cleft, the upper membranaceous at the base, and the wings concave. The coots have the toes surrounded by a scolloped membrane, the mandibles equal, nostrils oval, narrow and short. Twenty-five species, subdivided as


A. Feet cleft: gallinule.
B. Feet pinnate: coot.

We shall offer a specimen or two of each.

1. F. chloropus. Moor-hen. Common gallinule. Front tawny; bracelets red; body blackish, or sooty mixed with olive; beneath cinereous, irids red. Inhabits Europe and America: fourteen inches long; flies with difficulty, but runs and swims well; builds near the water side on low trees or shrubs; strikes with its bill like a hen; lays seven dirty-white eggs twice or thrice a year, thinly spotted with rusty; flesh delicious.

2. F. purpurea. Crowing gallinule. Purple; bill pale; eyes greenish yellow. Inhabits the marshes of New Spain, and crows like a cock.

3. F. porphyrio. Purple gallinule. Front red; bracelets many; body green, beneath violet; head and neck above, glossy violet; cheeks and throat violet-blue; back and rump glossy green; wings and rounded tail shining green, within brown. Inhabits most temperate and warm places; fifteen inches long; is docile and easily tamed; stands on one leg, and lifts the

Falgora Lanternaria.


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