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might be useful to his German fellow-countrymen. He displayed both courage and wisdom. He softened much severity, and prevented much injustice. His energy in their behalf obtained for him among the peasantry the name of the "kind councillor ;" and his sovereign, the Grand Duke, afterwards bestowed on him the title of "Legation's Councillor," as well as the Order of the Falcon, and a pension. He passed through the years of servitude which followed 1806, without performing any homage to Napoleon; indeed, he looked forward with confidence to the overthrow of the tyrant, through God's avenging hand. He worked on indefatigably, relieving, protecting, calming angry passions on both sides; his perfect knowledge of the French language enabling him often to act as mediator. He lived only for the suffering, and was never tired of seeking for means to relieve them, when his own were exhausted. He had already won many hearts in Weimar, and they united with his to aid him in his generous labours. The year of deliverance was now approaching. Just before the battle of Leipzig, the troops of the Duke of Ragusa, lately arrived from Spain, entered the duchy of Weimar. They pillaged the houses, laid waste the corn-fields, shamefully illtreated the people. By the light of the burning villages, trembling men and women might be seen wandering about near their desolated homesteads. Falk was deeply moved at this calamity. He left his family, and betook himself, quite alone, but strong as an army through his trust in God, and his hearty

love for his fellow-men, into the very thick of the turmoil of war, to help these poor people. Wherever the invaders exercised unlawful force, he was immediately present. Courageously would he seize their plunder from the marauding soldiers, and give it back to the owners. In the large pockets of his coat he concealed purses, watches, wedding-rings, which the people entrusted to him. Wherever he went, terrible pictures were presented to his eyes. Full sheaves of wheat were thrown as straw to the horses; the roads were strewn with the scattered corn; stolen horses were sold again for a couple of florins; the sheep on the pastures were shorn, and then roasted; the oxen were led from the plough to the fire; and wherever wood was wanted, the soldiers tore down the staircases of the houses, and piled them on the flames. Falk felt that speedy action must be taken, to put an end to this state of things, should it last much longer. The peasantry, driven to despair, would rise against their oppressors, and then would surely be massacred by them. He wrote to the French general, De Coehorn, who had sufficient foresight to entrust him with a company of soldiers, whose orders were to obey him implicitly. With them Falk marched through the duchy of Weimar and the adjacent districts, arrested the cruelly arbitrary conduct of the military, and restored law and order, so far as was in his power. The battle of Leipzig quite changed the scene. Instead of insolent and exacting, wretched fugitive French soldiers were henceforth only to be seen. The remnant of the grand army fled

through Thuringia. The misery which seemed to be concentrated at Leipzig, now spread throughout the country. What the sword had spared, the pestilence carried off. Like a destroying angel, it passed from east to west. The flying soldiers left it in their track, spreading destruction around. It passed through the towns and villages, whose inhabitants were already half dead through famine and fear. The pursuing Germans saw with horror the dead-carts, the funeral processions, black dresses, and weeping eyes. In one single village, sixty orphans wept over the graves of their parents. Thousands of children of all ages were not only orphaned, but by the decease of all their relations, bereft of any support whatever.

And now the angel of death knocked at Johannes Falk's door too. Of his six blooming children, it snatched from him four-two boys and two girls-in a few weeks; he also was smitten by the fever and longed for death, so burdened with sorrow was his soul. "Thus are we men," he said; 66 we all are willing to build tabernacles with Moses and Elias on the Mount of Transfiguration; but the nights on Golgotha, the temptations, the bitter hours in Gethsemane -to watch through these with our Lord, to bear the cross and the crown of thorns after Him, to sweat blood-these we will not have, these inspire our natural man with fear, anguish, horror, trembling; oh! how hard it is in such bitter hours of trial to pray, 'Not my will, but Thine, be done,' from a really quiet, upright, God-resigned heart."

Falk recovered. He was completely restored to health both of body and mind. National and family sorrow had laid open the inmost recesses of his heart, so that the stream of love which springs from the cross, could flow into it unchecked. The people's confidence, he had won by his former activity, and now in the overwhelming distress, came working-men who wished to begin their employment again, of which they had been deprived; peasants who had no seed corn, and prayed for help; but above all, it was the children, hundreds of children, who as orphans wandered about utterly neglected, begging, even stealing, in order not to starve. Falk immediately founded the "Union of Friends in Need." At Weimar, Jena, Eisenach, and beyond, he sent out his appeal, and a fund was formed, by means of which poor boys could be placed in workshops or under honest tradesmen. Hundreds of orphans were by his means received into the houses of good pious families in Weimar and the neighbourhood. In his own house he had twelve children; new comers, too, he kept some time with him to become acquainted with them; those who were specially neglected he did not like to send away from his own personal care, and lads who required a higher education, especially for the clerical profession, belonged also to his family. He had said in his soul, I will be a father and a refuge to these forsaken ones: He who said, "Suffer the little children to come unto me and forbid them not," He will assist me with His grace and help.

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