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it to him, and became in consequence his greatest admirer. Soon the last struggle came. One could only hear the broken words, "God-for the people -in short-Christ-the point." The victory was won. Carl Reinthaler, who had hastened from Erfurt, and who stood with the widow and four children at the deathbed, closed his friend's eyes with a silent prayer. Three days after, the pupils laid Falk's body to rest in his family vault, where the inscription, on a plain stone, beneath a green lime-tree, marks the spot:
Through Christ the Lord from sin set free,
There lies beneath this green lime-tree
Johannes Falk, whose native land
In the original:
"Unter diesen grünen Linden
Ist durch Christus frei von Sünden
Sollen also fur ihn beten :
Als dein kind auch zu dir Kommen."
AUGUSTUS HERMANN FRANCKE,
THE ORPHANS' FRIEND.
UBECK, formerly one of the Hanse towns, and a rich, prosperous, and commercial city, has now greatly fallen from the splendour of its early days. But its quaint old houses, with their lofty ornamented gables, the majestic towers and spires of its cathedral and churches, the picturesque old city gates, and the venerable Rathhaus, all bear witness to the wealth and prosperity of the dull old town in past times.
Here, on the 22d March 1663, the great German philanthropist and divine, Augustus Hermann Francke, was born. His family had originally come from a Thuringian village, his grandfather having settled down as a baker at Lubeck, in which trade he had made a tolerable fortune; his father was a barrister, and owing to his talents and upright character, was held in universal esteem. His mother was the daughter of the Imperial Councillor and Burgermaster of Lubeck, David Gloxin. When little August
Hermann was three years old, his father was summoned to Gotha as privy councillor to the ducal court, but four years after he died there. His sister Anna, who was three years his senior, at that time exercised great influence over the susceptible mind of her brother Augustus Hermann. She early gave him a taste for religion, so that the boy earnestly implored his mother to let him have a room to himself, where he could study and pray, undisturbed. Here he once prayed, "Oh! good God, there must be all sorts of trades and professions which all contribute in the end to Thy honour. But I implore Thee to grant that my whole life may be solely and alone directed to Thy service and to Thine honour." Death, alas, early snatched away the beloved sister from him.
Augustus Hermann was at this time instructed by private tutors, and showed such an extraordinary zeal and such excellent talents, that in his thirteenth year he was received into the highest class of the gymnasium (or high school) at Gotha. A year later he was ready for the university. But his mother was wise enough not to allow her son to enter it at the early age of fourteen, and kept him at home for two years, during which time he continued to study Latin and Greek under one of his former masters. In his sixteenth year, he went to the neighbouring university of Erfurt, and he began to study theology, but six months after repaired to Kiel, where, through his uncle Gloxin, he received a considerable family stipend. Together with his theological and philo
sophical studies he also found here an opportunity of learning English, but in Hebrew he had hitherto made little progress. He went therefore in the third year of his residence at Kiel to Hamburg, where, under the direction of the celebrated Ezra Edzardi, he occupied himself exclusively with that language. Then at his mother's wish he returned to Gotha, where he perfected himself in those branches of knowledge he had already acquired, zealously devoted himself to the study of modern languages, and read the Old Testament through in the original several times.
In his one and twentieth year, Francke proceeded to Leipzig to instruct a young student there in Hebrew; a year later he took his M.A. degree, and began to give lectures, which were eagerly and regularly attended by the students. He acquired, however, still more honour through the establishment of a union of young theological students, who undertook to meet on Sunday afternoons, that they might read the Scripture together, and endeavour to understand its right meaning. So much interest was excited by these meetings, and so many attended them, that Professor Alberti had to give up his large hall for them to be held in.
The celebrated theologian Spener, who just at that time was appointed court preacher at Dresden, took the deepest interest in this new and unprecedented kind of theological study; encouragement and good advice on his part were not wanting. Hitherto all