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If the rules are not attended to, the paper will be cancelled,

You may take the Elementary Stage, or the Advanced Stage, or Honours-Part I., or (if eligible) Honours--Part II., but you must confine yourself to one of them.

All figures must be drawn on the single sheet of paper supplied, beginning on the side marked with your distinguishing number, which must face you at the right-hand top corner.

Put the number of the question before each answer, and confine your answer strictly to the question asked.

All drawings must show a correct knowledge of construction. Neat, distinct, and accurate pencil drawing to scale is required. No extra marks will be allowed for inking-in.

Where only sketches are asked for written explanations are not to be added; the proportions of the sketches must be approximately correct, though extreme accuracy, as in drawings to scale, is not necessary.

Answers in writing must be as short and clearly stated as possible, and close to any figures to which they may refer.

Your name is not given to the Examiners, and you are forbidden to write to them about your answers.

The value attached to each question is shown in brackets after the question. But a full and correct answer to an easy question will in all cases secure a larger number of marks than an incomplete or inexact answer to a more difficult one.

Questions marked (*) have accompanying diagrams.

The examination in this subject lasts for four hours.

Elementary Stage.


Read the General Instructions on page 1.

You are permitted to answer only seven questions.

1. Draw, 4 full size, a cross section through a saddle-back stone coping 12" x 5", throated and carrying an iron railing.

The section to be through the foot of a cast-iron standard 2" diameter, showing it securely leaded to the coping.


*2. The feet of two timber posts framed into a sill piece. Draw, to a scale of an inch to a foot, a section through a-a showing the details of a mortised joint, and through b-b showing a bridle joint.


3. Explain, by means of sketches, the meaning of the following


Wood bressummer.

Tabled joint.


Trimmer arch.

*4. Elevation of a portion of a stone wall.


Draw, to a scale of 2' to an inch, showing at A uncoursed squared, or snecked, rubble; and at B, squared rubble laid as coursed header work.

At C show plain block and start ashlar quoins.


5. Draw, to a scale of 3" to a foot, a cross section of a trench 2' 9" deep, for the foundations of a building, showing 9" of concrete carrying the footings of an 18" brick wall built in English bond.

Fill in the joints of the brickwork up to the ground level.

*6. Section of a wooden floor binder.


Draw to a scale of, adding a 6" x 3" bridging joist cogged to the binder, and a 4′′ × 2′′ ceiling joist tenoned to the same, and carrying a lath and plaster ceiling.

Show the joints in section.







[blocks in formation]

7. A cast-iron girder 15" x 8", and supported at both ends, has flanges of 12 and 4 square inches respectively.

Draw, full size, a cross section of the girder.

State why one flange is larger than the other.


*8. Section of a stone cornice on an 18" wall built of coursed rubble.

Draw, to twice the scale, adding a saddled joint in elevation, and a blocking course 18" high.

Give a cross section through the saddle joint, and state its object.

*9. Part of the eaves of a roof over a brick building.


Draw, to a scale of an inch to a foot, adding a 41′′ × 3′′ wall plate, a 7" x 1" fascia board, a 5" ogee gutter, and 4 courses of slates laid to a 3" lap and centre nailed to "boards. Give the sizes and names of the slates shown.


*10. Elevation of the foot of a queen post in a timber roof truss. Draw correctly, to a scale of an inch to a foot, adding a stirrup iron 24" x 3", with gib and cotter adjustment. Draw a vertical section through A-A, showing all the details of the iron and wood work, before tightening up, including the framing of the queen post to tie-beam.

*11. Elevation of a 2", 6-panel, door, with 5" and 10" rails.


Draw, to a scale of, a vertical cross section through A—A, making any alteration you think advisable, and showing the following details:

At a a solid panel, bead flush on front, and bead butt at back.

At b a moulded and flat panel, chamfered at back.

At ca raised and moulded panel, square and flat at back.


*12. A line diagram of a timber roof truss, showing the scantlings of the different members.

Draw, to a scale of, at least half of the truss, showing it resting on a 4" x 3" wall plate and a 14" brick wall. Add a 4" x 2" common rafter properly supported. Give the name of the truss, and of all the different timbers shown.


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