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52. Draw, to a scale of 4 ft. to an inch, at least half the elevation of a wrought-iron roof truss over a 48 ft. span.

Give sections of the different members, assuming the dimensions, and enlarged sketches of the three principal joints.



NOTE.-No Candidate is eligible for examination in Part II. of Honours who has not already obtained a 1st or 2nd Class in Honours of the same subject in a previous year.


Read the General Instructions on page 1.

You may not answer more than five questions, one of which, and not more, must be selected from each of the first two divisions.

Those Candidates who answer this paper well, will be admitted to a practical examination at South Kensington. Candidates admissible to that examination will be so informed in due course.

The sketches and answers to these questions may be drawn and written on foolscap paper, which may be obtained on application to the Superintendents of the examination.

Sketches may be in pencil, and need not be drawn to scale, but should be neat and in good proportion. Written answers should be in ink, and must adjoin the sketches to which they refer.


61. Give an account, with explanatory sketches, of the introduction of the arch into designs of buildings of the highest class. Show how it was combined with trabeated constructions, and how it in time prevailed.

Give any reasons for this, naming some illustrative buildings, with approximate dates.

Give the names by which the styles so evolved are known,


62. Sketch capitals, and give sections of bases, characteristic of the different periods of Gothic architecture, including any important transitional forms, and give plans of the piers. The plans should comprise circular and compound piers, and in one case the pier should have detached shafts.

Name the period in each case.



63. Write a specification of a square-headed sash window in an 18" wall of a handsomely fitted dining room; with stone sill, boxing shutters, and the usual joinery complete (no sash bars).

Glazing, ironmongery, and painter's work to be described; the woodwork to be grained in oak, the panels where most seen being more richly grained than elsewhere. (80.)

64. Draw up a specification to govern the following:

(a.) The plasterer's work in a first class dwelling-house, taking only the kitchen-the entrance hall and staircase prepared for painting-and the reception rooms, including some quartered partitions, prepared for papering.

(b.) The slater's and plumber's work connected with a roof which has brick chimneys, lead gutters, and lead rolls to hips and ridges.



65. Draw, to a scale of " to a foot, a plan, section, and elevation of a doorway suitable to a public building, having one or more columns on each side, and fanlight with pediment, also door to correspond.

The design to belong to the classical group of styles.


66. Draw, to a scale of 3 ft. to an inch, the cross section of an ornamental open timber roof for a public assembly room, built in one of the Gothic styles. Spau 50 ft.

Give enlarged details of joints, &c., as may be required, and any written explanations you think advisable.


67. Give a sketch elevation of part of a stone staircase suitable to the hall of an important public building.

Also, to a scale of an inch to a foot, explanatory details of same, including a vertical cross section of two steps and a landing, showing a joint in the latter.

Draw up a brief specification for same.


68. Show by drawings, and clearly describe, how you would carry the drainage of a house in a row, where it has to pass under its basement floor, towards the sewer in the street; also how you would carry it if the pipes had to be kept 3 feet above the basement floor.

Describe the pipes and joints in both cases, and all details necessary for proper inspection and ventilation.

Explain the best mode of testing a pipe drain for leakage at joints, and for escape of foul air.


69. Give an explanation, with sketches, of the system of hot water supply you would recommend for a private house.

The cold water cistern is on the fourth story above the basement. There is a bathroom and housemaids' closet on the third story, and a butler's pantry on ground floor. The boiler is in the basement, about 40 feet from the scullery sink.

Explain the working of the system, precautions against explosion, facilities for repairs, and any points essential to efficiency. (80.)

70. A ground floor shop is to be enlarged by adding to it an adjoining shop, without disturbing the business more than is inevitable.

This entails removing a 14" party wall, 25 ft. long, and carrying the wall above on a wrought-iron girder supported by a cast-iron stanchion at each end, and a central cast-iron column standing on the party wall below the floor line of shop.

Describe, and illustrate by sketches, how you would get the girder and its supports into position.

Neither of the shop floors can be used for carrying temporary supports.

The floors immediately above the shops are carried independently of the party wall.




To be worked at South Kensington.
Time allowed, seven hours.

Draw a design for a refreshment-house in a public park. The public-room or tea-room, which contains the bar, may be about 500 feet super. No residence required, but convenience for cooking, service, storage, &c.; with lavatory for attendants, also for ladies. There may be additiona! accommodation in verandahs, &c.

Give plan with two elevations and section, to a scale of " to a foot.

Pencil drawings, coloured, will be sufficient.

Artistic effect is a consideration, and building Acts need not be regarded.

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If the rules are not attended to, the paper will be cancelled.

You may take the Elementary Stage, or the Advanced Stage, or Part I. of Honours, or (if eligible) Part II. of Honours, but you must confine yourself to one of them.

Put the number of the question before your answer.

You are to confine your answers strictly to the questions proposed.

Your name is not given to the Examiner, and you are forbidden to write to him about your answers.

The value attached to each question is shown in brackets after the question. A full and correct answer to an easy question will in all cases secure a larger number of marks than an incomplete or inexact answer to a more difficult one.

The examination in this subject lasts for four hours.

Elementary Stage.


You are permitted to answer only ten questions.

You must attempt No. 11. Two of the remaining questions should be selected from the Calculations; and the rest from the Practical Shipbuilding section.


1. Sketch and describe how the flat plate keel for a large vessel is formed, and how the several lengths of plates and angle bars are connected together.


2. At what stage of the work, and how, are the rivet holes set off and formed in deck beams which have afterwards to be covered with deck plating? (8.)


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