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people are for knowledge along these lines. The Sunday school teacher is actually working at the problems that just a little further up are problems of religious pedagogy, are problems of psychology.

I would go further than this; I would have in every church a kindergarten. The kindergarten is the most Christian thing in the whole realm of education. It is the method of dealing with the child as Christ dealt with the woman of Samaria. It does not make a cistern out of a child, filling it full of rules and dates and names, and then taking the top off and looking in and having an examination. No, it is a well of water, springing up into everlasting life.


I would have courses of instruction on home religion, on the instrumentalities and helps that would in any way develop the religion of the home. The religion of the family ought to be dealt with with as much scientific accuracy, and with as much seriousness certainly, as affairs of zoology or botany or chemistry. Will we get people to think that there is anything really serious and important about the religion of the home if it has not more place in the brain, in the intellect, among the studious powers of the human soul than it occupies to-day? Certainly not.

I would have courses on temperance. There are thousands of people that want to work in this direction who do not know how. Scientific temperance information and training is necessary to efficiency in this work.

Take the field of modern discovery in archeology, and in modern science, unapplied science, a revival of intellectual and serious religiousness, what Phillips Brooks called "the mind's love of God," "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy mind." That will come to us just as soon as we put along with the rest of our culture some serious information of this sort.

I would have the common people study Church history by the correspondence course, and get to see that the great men and women of the Church are really interesting human beings; that the men who have done the greatest things in the world have done them under the influence of religion.

I would have courses in Christian ethics, in sociology, in criminology, in philanthropy, in charities. Above all, I would have courses in civics and in missions.

But around all, and crowning all, I would have, central and supreme, the life of our Lord Jesus Christ. My fellow-workers, we are, as I believe, upon the edge of a great, new Holy Day. It will be a day of revival. Shall not the Religious Education Association see to it that by this means the people shall be reached, and that this revival, which will be a people's revival, shall be an intelligent revival also?




With a desire to make the Correspondence Instruction Department of the Religious Education Association of greater service to the several other departments, and to the cause of religious education in general, the Executive Committee of the department undertook, some months ago, to ascertain the number and character of correspondence courses at present available for religious education. At a meeting of the committee held in Chicago on July 21, 1904, the secretary, Mr. H. F. Mallory, presented a list of such courses as far as could at that time be ascertained. The present writer has embodied in this paper much of the material presented by Mr. Mallory, and has added such other facts as he has been able to secure.

I. A few words in regard to the several institutions offering correspondence courses will not only be valuable in making these institutions better known to those desiring correspondence work, but will serve also, in part, to indicate the general character of the courses offered.

The American Institute of Sacred Literature was organized in 1889, growing out of the Institute of Hebrew which had been organized in 1881 by Dr. William R. Harper, at that time Professor of Hebrew in the Baptist Theological Seminary at Morgan Park, Illinois. The institute is not related to any college or university, but is under the general charge of the Council of Seventy, which is composed of seventy Biblical teachers in the leading educational institutions throughout the country. The council, and the institute under its control, do not stand for “any theory of interpretation, or school of criticism or denomination." The work of the institute is confined to the study of sacred literature and related subjects; its attitude to the Scriptures is the historical attitude, and its spirit is thoroughly evangelical. The work of the institute is intended for ministers, teachers, and parents. A course may be begun at any time and the fee ranges from fifty cents to eight dollars, according to the course.

The Correspondence Study Department of the University of Chicago was organized in 1892, at the time the University was established, and is a regular department of the university. It is undenominational in its

purpose, and the work offered is open to all who are properly qualified. The range of courses offered covers a number of the departments of the university, including the sciences, history, literature, and the like. The courses available for the more specific lines of religious education constitute but a small part of the work done by the department. The fee for each course is sixteen dollars, and in the case of those enrolling for the first time a matriculation fee of five dollars.

The Correspondence School of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, was established in 1902 by the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. It is organized under the Genera Board of Education of the Church, and conducted under the direction of the Biblical Department of Vanderbilt University. It is thus denominational in its organization, and intended especially for the preachers and teachers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Its advantages, however, are open to all who may desire to use them. Its work at present is confined to Biblical and theological lines, and the fee for a year's course is ten dollars.

The Correspondence Department of the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago was established in 1899 as a department of the Moody Bible Institute. It has the same general purpose and seeks to do the same character of work as that done by the Moody Institute. The school is undenominational, and its work is intended for all whose obligations tie them to their homes or to their present positions. It is entirely theological and Biblical in its character. The fee is five dollars for each course.

The Scofield Bible Correspondence Course was organized seventeen years ago, for those desiring to study the Bible. It is not connected with a university or school of any kind, but is a purely private enterprise. There is but one course, and all the students are under the personal supervision of Dr. Scofield. The cost of the course is ten dollars.

The Reid Holiness Correspondence School is a new school, only begun last year; not related in any way with a school or university, but an individual undertaking on the part of its president, Rev. Isaiah Reid. It is for all who are interested in Bible-study, and especially in the doctrine of holiness. The purpose of the school is primarily to promote "holiness." The expenses for each course include five dollars enrollment fee and twenty-five cents for each monthly examination-paper sent in.

The Correspondence School in Theology was established in 1891 by the General Conference of Free Baptists, and is connected, at least, unofficially, with the Cobb Divinity School. It is denominational and is intended for candidates for license and ordination in the Free Baptist

Church who cannot attend a divinity school, for preachers, and for laymen. The course includes a good part of the work usually included in a theological seminary. A matriculation fee of three dollars is charged at the beginning, but is credited on the latter part of the course. The tuition fee is one dollar a month for one lesson a week, and as a course requires eight months, the tuition fee for each course amounts to eight dollars.

The Correspondence School for Christian Workers has been recently organized in the interest of Christian Endeavorers and other religious workers, under the superintendence of Rev. Francis E. Clark, D. D., and Amos R. Wells. It is undenominational in character. The fee for each course is from five to seven dollars, including the cost of the books required.

The Bible Normal Union was organized in 1886 by the Sabbath School Board of the United Brethren in Christ. It is intended for Sunday school teachers and others who desire to study the Bible. The aim is to make it a correspondence school for the study of the Bible and methods of teaching it. A course, including the books for required reading, costs four dollars and eighty-five cents.

The non-resident courses of the Iowa Christian College are connected directly with the Iowa Christian College. It is a denominational school, but the work is open to all who desire to enter it. The fees are twelve dollars or twenty-four dollars a course according to the course, with reduction if fees are paid in advance.

The Boston Correspondence School was organized in 1882 and incorperated in 1889. It undertakes to furnish instruction by mail in any branch of learning"; the courses adapted to the uses of religious education are therefore but a small part of its undertaking. The courses are five, ten, and twenty-five dollars, according to the character of the


The Intercontinental Correspondence University was chartered by the United States Congress in 1904, with authority "to give and furnish instruction, by mail or otherwise, in any or all branches of knowledge, in any or all parts of the world." The instruction furnished in religious education is therefore but a small portion of the work of the university. The cost of a course varies according to the course, but twenty-five dollars is the fee for a large number of courses. The university is undenominational, and is open to every one.

The New Church Correspondence School was organized four years ago, under the direction of the New Church Educational Association, which now has its administrative headquarters at Washington, D. C.

Its aim is to give Sunday school teachers and parents a glance at some of the fundamental doctrines of the New Church (otherwise called Swedenborgians). The fee for a course of study is three dollars.

II. How many correspondence courses are there available for religious education, and on what subjects? While the number is not so large as could be desired, still a good beginning has been made. The American Institute of Sacred Literature offers three different kinds of courses: elementary courses, professional reading courses, and correspondence courses for Sunday school teachers and more advanced students. There are six of the elementary courses, all on some phase of Bible-study. Of the reading courses, ten are studies in the English Bible, one in sociology, one in homiletics, one in church history, and one in the psychology of religion. There are twenty-six correspondence courses for Sunday school teachers and more advanced students; and of these twenty-one are in the Bible, its languages, literature, history, and theology; and five have to do more specifically with Sunday school work.

The largest number of strictly correspondence courses offered by any school are given by the University of Chicago. On the languages, literature, history, and theology of the Bible, it offers twenty-three courses: on theology proper, four; church history, two; sociology, ten; comparative religions, two; and several courses in philosophy and psychology, dealing more or less directly with the problems of religious education.

The Correspondence School of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, offers ten courses in the English Bible and New Testament Greek, two in theology, two in church history, or in sociology, one in comparative religions, two in practical theology, and four miscellaneous courses, made up of various subjects.

The Moody Bible Institute has one course in the English Bible, one in systematic theology, and one in practical theology.

The Scofield Bible Correspondence Course comprises but one course, divided into seven sections, as follows: Section I. The Scriptures; Section II. The Study of the Scriptures; Section III. The Great Words of the Scriptures; Section IV. God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; Section V. The Saints; Section VI. The Service of the Saints; Section VII. The Future.

By the Reid Holiness School three miscellaneous courses are given, partly Bible-study and partly theological, the doctrine of holiness being the main subject under consideration.

The Correspondence School in Theology has seven courses two in Bible-study, two in theology, one in church history, one in practical theology, and one miscellaneous (science and psychology).

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