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of the subsequent Volume, completing the Second Part of these Travels.-A similar obligation has been conferred by J. B. S. Morritt, Esq. (celebrated for his controversy with the late Jacob Bryant, on the subject of Homer's Poem, and the War of Troy) in the interesting account; taken from his Journal, of the present state of Halicarnassus, and of Cnidus, and published in the Notes to the Seventh Chapter; as also for the Plan which accompanies his description of the Ruins of Cnidus. This last communication will peculiarly claim regard, in being the first authentic notice which has yet appeared concerning the remains of a city once so renowned, but whose vestiges have been unregarded by any former Traveller."

"The only Plants mentioned in the Notes, are those which have never been described by any preceding writer. Not less than sixty new-discovered species will be found added to the science of Botany, in this and the subsequent seetion of Part the Second; with many others of almost equal rarity, in a General List, which is reserved for the Appendix to the last of these sections. In the account given of these plants, and in the arrangement, the obligation due to A. B. Lambert, esq. was before acknow

ledged; but an individual, now unhappily no more, contributed, although unknown to the Author at the time, so essentially to the completion of this part of the work, that it were injustice to his talents, as well as to the encouragement so liberally bestowed upon his genius by his benevolent Patron, not to cherish, even in this frail record, the lamented memory of George Jackson.

"The Appendix to this volume contains some curious documents respecting Eastern Literature, for whose illustration the Author has been indebted to two very learned Oriental scholars. Mr. Hammer, Secretary of the German Embassy at Constantinople, furnished an interpretation of the list of tales contained in a manuscript copy of The Arabian Nights, which the Author obtained in Egypt, and to which allusion is made in the Second Chapter. The Rev. George Cecil Renouard, M. A. Fellow of Sidney College, Cambridge, now

Chaplain to the British Factory at Smyrna, contributed the translation of a Catalogue of Manuscripts on daily sale in the cities of the East; which was procured by the Author through the friendly offices of a Dervish at Constantinople. This Catalogue may be considered as presenting a better view of Asiatic, than would be afforded of European literature, by combining two or three of the common catalogues, published by the principal booksellers of London and Paris; because less variety characterizes the different catalogues of the East, than will be found to distin guish those, of different booksellers in Europe; the same books being constantly on sale in Constantinople, Smyrna, Damascus, Aleppo, and Grand Cairo, whereas very considerable difference may be observed among the collections advertised for sale in London, Paris, and Vienna.”

Such is the pleasing and unaffected account of the entertainment the Reader has to expect from a perusal of the Second Volume of Dr. Clarke's Travels; from which we shall take an early opportunity of transcribing some interesting extracts.

In an Advertisement to a much

improved Edition of the preceding Volume, we are told that,

"The Notes, in certain instances, have been augmented, and the number of inscriptions increased, by very valuable communications from Charles Kelsal, esq. of Trinity College, Cambridge, who lately pursued a similar route to that of the Author, in the South of Russia. Robert Corner, esq. of Malta, has also obligingly added to the Appendix an important article concerning the Internal Navigation of the Russia Empire. After the fullest and most impartial consideration, the Author is contented to rest the truth and solidity of his remarks, concerning the Russia character, upon the evidence afforded by almost every enlightened Traveller who has preceded him. In addition to their testimony, the unpublished observations of the late Lord ROYSTON* may be adduced, to shew that, subsequent to the Author's travels,

"The kindness of the Earl of Hardwicke authorizes this allusion to his Son's Letters. Lord Royston's name carries with it a claim to public consideration. Although the knowledge of his great acquirements had scarcely transpired beyond the circle of his academical acquaintance, his erudition was regarded, even by a PORSON, with wonder. The loss sustained by his death can never be retrieved; but some consolation is derived from the consciousness that all the fruits of his literary labours have not been annihilated. The sublime prophecy of his own Cassandra, uttering a parable of other times,' will yet be heard in his native language, showing her dark speech,' and thus pourtraying his melancholy end:



and under happier auspices of Government in Russia, the state of society appeared to that gifted young Nobleman, as it has been described in the following pages. Lord Royston, when writing to an accomplished friend, who was snatched from the pursuit of worldly honours, by a fate as untimely, although not so sudden, as his own; thus briefly, but emphatically, characterizes the state of refinement in the two great cities of the Russian empire: A journey from Petersburg to Moscow is a journey from Europe to Asia. With respect to the society of the former city, I am almost ashamed to state my opinion, after the stubborn fact of my having twice returned thither, each time at the expense of a thousand miles: but although I had not imagined it possible that any place could exist more devoid of the means of enjoying rational conversation, I am now, since my residence here, become of a different opinion. Not that I have not been excessively interested, both during this and my former visit to Moscow. The feudal magnificence of the nobility, the Asiatic dress and manners of the common people, the mixture of nations to be seen here, the immensity, the variety, and the singular architecture of the city, present altogether a most curious and amusing assemblage.' In a former part of the same letter, the inattention of the superior Clergy to the religion of the lower orders is forcibly illustrated. The words are as follow: You have probably received some account of my journey to Archangel; of my movement thence in a North-easterly direction, to Mezen; of the distinguished reception I received from the mayor of that highly civilized city, who made me a speech in Russian, three quarters of an hour long; of my procuring there twelve rein-deer, and proceeding towards the Frozen Ocean, until I found a Samoied Camp in the desert, between the rivers Mezen and Petchora; and of my ascertaining that that nation, which extends over almost all the North of Rus

sia, remains still in a state of Paganism; a circumstance of which the Archbishop of the diocese was ignorant.' The de

scription given in this work of the miserable condition of the Russian peasants, and of the scarcity of provisions in the interior of the country, has been disputed. Let us now therefore see what Lord Royston has said upon this part of the subject. It is contained in a Letter to Mr. Whittington, from Casan, dated May 16, 1807: I left Moscow on Tuesday the 5th of May; and the first town at which I arrived was Vladimir, formerly the capital of an independent sovereignty, and the residence of a Grand Duke. The accommodations are such as are alone to be met with all over Muscovy: one room, in which you sleep with the whole family, in the midst of a most suffocating heat and smell; no furniture to be found, but a bench and table; and an absolute dearth of provisions."

After some farther observations, Dr. Clarke adds,

the Author is concerned, shall now rest. "At all events the subject, as far as Another portion of his Travels, describing objects of a more pleasing nature, diverts his attention from Scythian wilds and from all their fur-clad tribes; from uniformity of scenery and of disposition, to regions highly diversified, and to human nature under every circumstance of character; from wide and barren plains, to varied territories flowing with milk and honey;' from rivers, and lakes, and stagnant waters, to seas traversed by men out of every nation under heaven; Parthians, and Medes, and


Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judea, and in Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Lybia about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and Proselytes, Cretes and


15. Dibdin's Bibliomania. Concluded from Part I. p. 646.

PREVIOUS to any examination of the Sixth and last Part of this entertaining and instructive Volume, we shall transcribe Mr. Dibdin's description of Lorenzo's Drawing-room:

'Ye cliffs of Zarax, and ye waves which wash
Opbeltes' craggs, and melancholy shore;
Ye rocks of Trychas, Nedon's dangerous heights,
Dirphossian ridges, and Diacrian caves;

Ye plains, where Phorcyn broods upon the deep,
And founds his floating palaces; what sobs
Of dying men shall ye not hear? what groans
Oi masts and wrecks, all crashing in the wind?
What mighty waters, whose receding waves
Bursting, shall rive the continents of earth?'

Viscount Royston's Cassandra, p. 28.”


"The Reader is not to figure to himself a hundred fantastical and fugitive pieces of furniture, purchased at Mr. Oakley's, and set off with curtains, carpet, and looking-glasses -at a price, which would have maintained a countrytown of seven hundred poor with bread

and soup during the hardest winter

the Reader will not suppose that a man of Lorenzo's taste, who called books his best wealth, would devote two thousand pounds to such idle trappings; which, in the course of three years at farthest, would lose their comfort by losing their fashion. But he will suppose that elegance and propriety were equally consulted by our host.-Accordingly, a satinwood book-case of 14 feet in width and 11 in height, ornamented at the top with a few chaste Etruscan vases — a light blue carpet, upon which were depicted bunches of grey roses, shadowed in brown -fawn-coloured curtains, relieved with yellow silk and black velvet bordersalabaster lamps shedding their soft light upon small marble busts-and sofas and chairs corresponding with the curtains[and upon which a visitor might sit without torturing the nerves of the owner of them]- these, along with some genuine pictures of Wouverinans, Berghem, and Rysdael, and a few other [subordinate] ornaments, formed the furniture of Lorenzo's drawing-room. As it was en suite with the library, which was fitted up in a grave style or character, the contrast was sufficiently pleasing.Lisardo ran immediately to the bookcase. He first eyed, with a greedy velocity, the backs of the folios and quartos; then the octavos; and mounting an ingeniously-contrived mahogany rostrum, which moved with the utmost facility, he did not fail to pay due attention to the duodecimos; some of which were carefully preserved in russia or morocco backs, with water-tabby silk linings, and other appropriate embellishments.


the midst of his book-reverie, he heard, on a sudden, the thrilling notes of a hatp -which proceeded from the further end of the library!-it being Lorenzo's custom, upon these occasions, to request an old Welch servant, to bring his instrument into the library-and renew, if he could, the strains of other times.' Meanwhile the curtains were 'let fall;' the sofa wheeled round;

' and the cups That cheer, but not inebriate,' with the bubbling and loud hissing urn,' welcomed the evening in.' Lorenzo brought from his library a volume of Piranesi, and another of engravings from the heads of Vandyke. Lisardo, in

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looking at them, beat time with his head and foot; and Philemon and Lysander acknowledged that Dr. Johnson himself could never have so much enjoyed the beverage which was now before them."

A visit to the Alcove of Lorenzo

(the scene of the concluding Dialogue) is thus pleasingly related:

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"At a distance, the reapers were carrying away their last harvest-load; and numerous groups of gleaners, picking up the grain which they had spared, were marching homewards in all the glee of apparent happiness. Immediately on our left, the cattle were grazing in a rich pasture meadow; while, before us, the white pheasant darted across the walk, and the stock-dove was heard to wail in the grove. We passed a row of orange trees, glittering with golden fruit; and turning sharply to our right, discovered, on a gentle eminence, and skirted with a profusion of shrubs and delicately-shaped trees, the wished-for Alcove. We quickly descried Almansa busied in twining her favourite honeysuckles round the portico; while, within, Belinda was sitting soberly at work, as if waiting our arrival. The ladies saluted us as we approached; and Lorenzo, who till now had been unperceived, came quietly from the interior, with his favourite edition of Thomson in his hand. The Alcove, at a distance, had the appearance of a rustic Temple. The form, though a little capricious, was picturesque; and it stood so completely embosomed in rich and variegated foliage, and commanded so fine a swell of landscape, that the visitor must be cold indeed, who could approach it with the compass of Palladio in one hand, and the square of Inigo Jones in the other. We entered, and looked around us.-Those who have relished the mild beauties of Wynant's pictures, would be pleased with the view from the Alcove of Lorenzo. The country before was varied, undulating, and, the greater part, highly cultivated. Some broad-spreading oaks here and there threw their protecting arms round the humble saplings; and

some aspiring elms frequently reared their lofty heads, as land-marks across the country. The copses skirted the higher grounds, and a fine park-wood covered the middle part of the landscape in one broad umbrageous tone of colouring. It was not the close rusticity of Hobbima-or the expansive, and sometimes complicated, scenery of Berghem -or the heat-oppressive and magnificent views of Both-that we contemplated; but, as has been before observed, the mild and gentle scenery of Wynant's; and if a cascade or dimpling brook had been near us, I could have called to my aid the transparent pencil of Rysdael, in order to impress upon the reader a proper notion of the scenery. But it is high

time to make mention of the conversation which ensued among the tenants of this Alcove."

In this Dialogue our learned Author discusses "the Symptoms of the Bibliomania," and "the probable means of the Cure;" but, previously, the

Book Disease is thus described:

"The ingenious Peignot* defines the


Bibliomania to be a passion for possessing books; not so much to be instructed by them, as to gratify the eye by looking on them.' This subject has amused the pens of foreigners; although we have had nothing in our own language, written expressly upon it, 'till the ingenious and elegantly-composed poem of Dr. Ferriar appeared; after which, as you well know, our Friend [Mr. Dibdin] put forth his whimsical brochure †.

The Symptoms are these:

"First, a passion for Large Paper thirdly, for Illustrated Copies; fourthly, Copies; secondly, for Uncut Copies; for Unique Copies; fifthly, for Copies printed upon Vellum; sixthly, for First Editions; seventhly, for True Editions; and eighthly, for Books printed in the Black-Letter."

On each of these heads Mr. Dibdin

expatiates both copiously and learnPaper Copies.-Among his Fine Paper edly; particularly on that of Large Copies may be added, The Works of Dr. William King; of which only TWO COPIES were so printed; one of

"There is a short, but smart and interesting, article on this head in Mr. D'Israeli's Curiosities of Literature, vol. I. p. 10. 'Bruyere has touched on this mania with humour; of such a collector (one who is fond of superb bindings only) says he, as soon as I enter his house, I am ready to faint on the stair-case, from a strong smell of Russia and Morocco leather. In vain he shews me fine editions, gold leaves, Etruscan bindings, &c.-naming them one after another, as if he were shewing a gallery of pictures! Lucian has composed a biting invective against an ignorant possessor of a vast library: One who opens his eyes with an hideous stare at an old book; and after turning over the pages, chiefly admires the date of its publication.' But all this, it may be said, is only general declamation, and means nothing!"


"The first work, I believe, written expressly upon the subject above discussed, was a French publication, intituled La Bibliomanie. Of the earliest edition I am uninformed; but one was published at the Hague in 1762, 8vo. Dr. Ferriar's poem upon the subject, being an epistle to Richard Heber, esq.—and which is rightly called by Lysander ingenious and elegant''—was published in 1809, 4to. pp. 142 but not before an equally ingenious, and greatly more interesting, performance, by the same able pen, had appeared in the Trans. of the Manchester Literary Society, vol. IV. p. 45-87, intituled Comments upon Sterne;' which may be fairly classed among the species of bibliomaniacal composition; inasmuch as it shews the author to be well read in old books; and, of these, in Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy in particular. [See before in the Bibliomania, page 376.] In the same year of Dr. Ferriar's publication of the Bibliomania, appeared the Voyage autour de ma Bibliothèque; Roman Bibliographique: by Ant. Caillot; in three small duodecimo volumes. There is little ingenuity and less knowledge in these meagre volumes. My own superficial work, intituled, Bibliomania; or Book-Madness: containing some account of the History, Symptoms, and Cure of this fatal Disease; in an Epistle addressed to Richard Heber, esq. quickly followed Dr. Ferriar's publication. It contained 82 pages, with a tolerably copious sprinkling of notes: but it had many errors and omissions, which it has been my endeavour to correct and supply in the present new edition, or rather newly-constructed work. [Vide preface, p. vi.] Early in the ensuing year (namely, in 1810) appeared Bibliosophia; or BookWisdom: containing some account of the Pride, Pleasure, and Privileges of that glorious Vocation, Book-Collecting. By an Aspirant. Also; The Twelve Labours of an Editor, separately pitted against those of Hercules, 12mo.' This is a goodhumoured and tersely written composition; being a sort of Commentary upon my own performance.”

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Of knightly counsel, and heroic deed), Not Faithorne's stroke, nor Field's own types, can save [brave. The gallant Veres, and one-eyed Ogle Indignant readers seek the image fled, And curse the busy fool who wants a head. Proudly he shews, with many a smile elate, [plate; The scrambling subjects of the private

While Time their actions and their names bereaves,

They grin for ever in the guarded leaves." Here Mr. Dibdin submits " a new remedy as an acquisition to the Materia Medica, of which many first-rate physicians may not be aware-by proposing a Recipe for Illustration;" which we recommend to all who may be afflicted with the disorder. Those also who may wish to become acquainted with the whole arcana of Print-collecting, or to know the various sums at which scarce Prints are sold, will not think their time lost in perusing carefully the "Bibliomania," from p. 664 to p. 684.

A most curious proof is given of "the seductive popularity of unique copies, drawn from an excerpt from a catalogue of a Library sold at Utrecht in 1776; furnished by Mr. H. Ellis, from a copy of the catalogue in the possession of Mr. Cayley of the Augmentation-office."

"I will mention a unique copy of a somewhat different cast of character. Of the magnificent and matchless edition of Shakspeare, printed by Mr. Bulmer and published by Mr. Nicol, between the years 1790 and 1805, there were one hundred copies, of the first six plays only, struck off upon imperial folio, • Colombier paper; in which the large

engravings, published at the Shakspeare Gallery (now The British Institution), might be incorporated and bound up. The late George Steevens undertook the revision of the text, intending to complete the entire plays in a similar form; but the trouble and expense attending this part of the undertaking were so great, that the further prosecution of it was abandoned. Mr. Bulmer preserved the whole of the proof-sheets of this partial Colombier impression; and to form a unique edition' (these are his own words), he bound them up in the exact order in which the plays were printed. On the margins of many of the sheets,

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besides the various corrections, emendations, and notes to the printer, by Mr. Steevens, there are some original sonnets, a scene for a burlesque tragedy, and other happy effusions from the pen of the same elegant and learned Editor. Need I ask the reader, whether he would have the barbouillé (unique) copy of Telemaque of the young Princesse Wilhelmine Auguste de Saxe-Weimar (like the Vicar of Wakefield, I like to give the full name), or Mr. Bulmer's similar copy be found in King-street or the Strand! of Shakspeare? The difference would soon I must mention one more example-of a nature different from both the preceding of what Lysander has, above, elaborately, and, perhaps, a little confusedly, described as unique copies. It is Colonel Stanley's copy of De Bry, which is bound in seven folio volumes, in blue morocco, by Padaloup, and is considered superior to every known copy. It contains all the maps and prints, with their variations, according to the Bibliographie Instructive, No. 4230, Cat. de Paris de Meyzieu, 1790, No. 486, Cat. de Santander, No. 3690, and Camus sur les Collections des Grands et Petits Voyages, 1802, 4to.: with both editions of the first nine parts of the West Indies, and duplicates of parts X and XI. It has also a considerable number of duplicate plates, where a superior impression could be procured at any expense. The owner of this unique copy, of a work unrivalled for its utility and elegance, is distinguished for a noble collection, bound by our choicest binders, in whatever is splendid and precious in the Belles Lettres, Voyages and Travels. Take two more illustrations-kindhearted Reader!

"Goldsmith's Deserted Village, 1802. Mr. Bulmer printed a single copy of this beautiful poem, in quarto, upon Satinpicked and prepared in a very curious manner. It was purchased by a foreigner.

"Falconer's Shipwreck, 1804, 8vo. Mr. Miller caused two copies only (this is


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