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my's loss had not been ascertained, but it was supposed to be considerable, as the Guerillas, who were better posted, and fired with more celerity, had 56 men killed or wounded. Not a man was hurt in his Majesty's squadron, either by the surf or the Enemy. There were two 18pounders mounted on the fort, and three small guns in the barracks; the latter, with the muskets, were given to the Guerillas, who were also supplied with every description of military stores of which they stood in need. The guns in the fort were rendered useless, the fort destroyed, and the convent blown up.-Sir Home Popham commends in high terms the conduct of all the officers and men employed on this occasion; and expresses his sense of the assistance rendered by Sir Howard Douglas and Gen. Carrol, who had embarked in the Venerable, and voJunteered their services wherever they could be employed.

A letter from Capt. Usher, of his Ma#jesty's ship Hyacinth, transmitted by Commodore Peurose, at Gibraltar, stating, that the Termagant having destroyed the castle at Nersa, the French retired to Almunecar, where they had 300 men, and the Guerillas proposed marching upon them without loss of time; and as he was desirous to reuder them every assistance in his power, he bore up on the 20th with his Majesty's ships Termagant and Basilisk, and anchored before the castle, which he silenced in less than an hour. The Spaniards, however, delaying their arrival, the Enemy again opened his fire, and was again silenced. The Guerillas at length arriving, under Col. Febrian, Capt. Usher took the infantry, consisting of about 200, on board, and ordered the * cavalry to move forward through the mountains, and take a position in the rear of the Enemy. The French fled with great precipitation, and retreated upon Granada. Capt. Usher then sent Lieut. Spilsbury and a Guerilla officer to demolish the works, which were exceedingly strong. They found in the castle two brass 24-pounders, six iron 18pounders, which had been spiked by the Eneiny. He acknowledges himself greatly indebted to Capt. Hamilton and Lieut. French of the Basilisk. Both the ships had only two men wounded.

Vice-adm. Sir Edward Pellew has transmitted two letters, addressed to him by Capts. Campbell and Thomas, of his Majesty's ships Leviathan and Undaunted:The former giving an account of an attack made, on the 29th April last, by the boats of the Leviathan, under the direcons of Lieut. Dobbs, on a French priGENT. MAG. August, 1812.

vateer and several merchant vessels, at Agay four of the latter were brought out, and the privateer, a brig of 14 guns and 80 men, was taken possession of; but having been hauled on shore, she could not be got off, and being set on fire, it was afterwards extinguished by the Enemy. The vessel was then carried, without any loss on our part; but during the endeavours made to bring her off, two men were killed and four wounded by the Enemy's fire from the shore.The latter reporting an attack made on the same day on a French convoy, near the mouth of the Rhone, by the boats of the Undaunted, Volontaire, and Blossom, under the directions of Lieut. Eagar, of the first ship. Of 26 vessels composing the convoy, seven were brought out, 12 burnt, and two left stranded on the beach. A national schooner of four 18-pounders and 74 men was amongst the vessels burnt. This service was performed without any loss, the boats being ably protected by Capt. Stewart, in the Blossom sloop.

No apology is necessary to our Readers, for introducing, out of its regular order, the official account of some of the most brilliant atchievements that ever graced the Annals of this or any other Country.

LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY War Department.-Downing-street, Aug. 16. Lord Clinton, Aide-de-Camp to the Earl of Wellington, arrived this morning at the War Department with dispatches, addressed by his Lordship to Earl Bathurst, dated the 21st, 24th, and 28th ult. of which the following are extracts:

Cabrerizos, near Salamanca, July 21. In the course of the 15th and 16th, the Enemy moved all their troops to the right of their position on the Douro, and their army was concentrated between Toro and San Roman. A considerable body passed the Douro at Toro on the evening of the 16th, and I moved the AIlied Army to their left on that night, with an intention to concentrate on the Guarena. It was totally out of my power to prevent the Enemy from passing the Douro at any point he might think expedient, as he had in his possession all the bridges over that river, and many of the fords; but he re-crossed that river at Toro, in the night of the 16th, moved his whole army to Tordesillas, where he again crossed the Douro on the morning of the 17th, and assembled his army on that day at La Neva del Rey, having marched not less than ten leagues in the course of the 17th.

[Lord Wellington here states that the 4th and light divisions of infantry, and Major-Gen. Anson's brigade of cavalry, having been marched to Castrejon, on the

night

night of the 16th, with a view to the assembly of the army on the Guarena, were on the 18th attacked by the Enemy; but Sir Stapleton Cotton maintained the post without suffering any loss, until joined by Major-Gens. Le Marchant, Alten, and Bock's brigades of cavalry, which had been sent to favour his retreat and junction. The troops then retired, in order, toTordesillas de la Orden, where the 5th division of infantry had been stationed, having the Enemy's whole army on their flank, or in their rear, and thence to the Guarena, which river they passed, and effected their junction with the army. The Dispatch then proceeds:]

The Enemy, in pursuance of his attempt to cut off the communication of the allies with Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo, crossed the Guarena, at Cartello, below the junction of the four streams, and manifested an intention to press upon our left, and to enter the valley of Canizal.Major-Geu. Alten's brigade of cavalry was already engaged with the Enemy's cavalry, and had taken among other prisoners the French General Carrier, when Lieut.-Gen. Cole was ordered to attack with MajorGen. W. Anson's and Brig.-Gen. Harvey's brigades of infantry (the latter under the command of Col. Stubbs) the Enemy's infantry, which were supporting their cavalry. He immediately attacked and defeated them with the 27th and 40th regiments, which advanced to the charge with bayonets, Col. Stubbs's Portuguese brigade supporting, and the Enemy gave way; many were killed and wounded; and Major-Gen. Alten's brigade of cavalry having pursued the fugitives, 240 prisoners were taken. In these affairs, Lieut.-Gen. Cole, Major-Gens. Alten, and W. Anson, and Lieut.-Cols. Arenschildt of the 1st Hussars, and Hervey of the 14th Light Drag. Macbean, of the 27th, and Anderson, commanding the 11th, Majors Archdall, of the 40th, and De Azeredo, commanding the 23d Portuguese regiment, distinguished themselves.-The Enemy did not make any further attempt on our left; but, having reinforced their troops on that side, and withdrawn those which had moved to their left, I brought back ours from Vallesa.

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In the afternoon of the 19th the Enemy withdrew all their troops from their right, and marched to their left by Tarragona, apparently with an intention of turning our right. I crossed the Upper Guarena at Vallesa and El Olmo, with the whole of the allied army, in the course of that evening and night; and every preparation was .made for the action, which was expected on the plain of Vallesa on the morning of the 20th. But shortly after day-light the Enemy made another movement to his left, in several columns, along the heights of

the Guarena, which river he crossed below Canta la Piedra, and encamped last night and

at

Babilafuente and Viliamela; the Allied Army made a correspondent movement to its right by Cantalpino, and encamped last night at Cabesa Velioso, the 6th division, and Major-Gen. Alten's brigade of cavalry being upon the Tormes at Aldea Lingua.--During these movements there have been occasional cannonades, but without loss on our side. I have this morning moved the left of the army to the Tormes, where the whole are now concentrated; and I observe the Enemy have also moved towards the same river near Huerta. The Enemy's object hitherto has been to cut off my communication with Salamanca and also with Ciudad Rodrigo.

Flores de Avila, July 24.

My Aide-de-Camp, Capt. Lord Clinton, will present to your Lordship this account of a Victory which the allied troops under my command gained in a general action, fought near Salamanca, on the evening of the 22d inst. which I have been under the necessity of delaying to send till now, having been engaged ever since the action in the pursuit of the Enemy's flying troops. -In my letter of the 21st I informed your Lordship that both armies were near the Tormes; and the Enemy crossed that river with the greatest part of his troops in the afternoon by the fords between Alba de Tormes and Huerta, and moved by their left towards the road leading to Ciudad Rodrigo.--The allied army, with the exception of the 3d division, and Gen. D'Urban's cavalry, likewise crossed the Tormes in the evening by the bridge of Salamanca, and the fords in the neighbourhood; and I placed the troops in a position of which the right was upon one of the two heights called Dos. Arapiles, and the left on the Tormes, below the ford of Santa Martha.-The 3d division and Brig.-Gen. D'Urban's cavalry were left at Cabrerizos, on the right of the Tormes, as the Enemy had still a large corps on the heights above Babilafuente, on the same side of the river; and I considered it not improbable, that finding our army prepared for them in the morning, on the left of the Tormes, they would alter their plan, and manoeuvre by the other bank.--In the course of the night of the 21st I received information, of the truth of which I could not doubt, that Gen. Chauvel had arrived at Pollos on the 20th with the cavalry and horse artillery of the army of the North, to join Marshal Marmont; and I was quite certain that these troops would join him on the 22d or 23d at the latest.

During the night of the 21st the Enemy had taken possession of the village of Calvaraso de Ariba, and of the height near it, called Nuestra Senora de la Pena, our cavalry being in possession of Calvaroso

de

de Abaxo; and shortly after day-light detachments from both armies attempted to obtain possession of the more distant from our right of the two hills called Dos Arapiles.-The Enemy, however, succeeded, their detachment being the strongest and baving been concealed in the woods nearer the hill than we were; by which success they materially strengthened their own position, and had in their power increased means of annoying ours. In the morning the light troops of the 7th division, and the 4th Caçadores, belonging to Gen. Pack's brigade, were engaged with the Enemy on the height called Nuestra Senora de la Pena; on which height they maintained themselves with the Enemy throughout the day. The possession by the Enemy, however, of the more distant of the Arapiles, rendered it necessary for me to extend the right of the army in Potence, to the heights behind the village of Arapiles, and to occupy that village with light infantry; and here I placed the 4th division under the command of the Hon. Lieut.-Gen. Cole. And although, from the variety of the Enemy's movements, it was difficult to form a satisfactory judgment of his intentions, I considered that, upon the whole, his objects were upon the left of the Tormes; therefore ordered the Hon. Major-Gen. Pakenham, who commanded the 3d division in the absence of Lieut.-Gen. Picton on account of ill health, to move across the Tormes with the troops under his command, including Brig.-Gen. D'Urban's cavalry, and to place himself behind Aldea Tejada, Brig.-Gen. Bradford's brigade of Portuguese infantry, and Don Carlos D'Espana's infantry, having been moved up likewise to the neighbourhood of Las Torres,between the 3d and 4th divisions.

After a variety of evolutions and movements, the Enemy appears to have determined upon his plan about two in the afternoon; and under cover of a very heavy cannonade, which however did us but very little damage, he extended his left, and moved forward his troops, apparently with an intention to embrace, by the position of his troops, and by his fire, our post on that of the two Arapiles which we possessed, and from thence to attack and break our line; or at all events, to render difficult any movement of ours to our right. The extension of his line to his left, however, and its advance upon our right, notwithstanding that his troops still occupied very strong ground, and his position was well defended by cannon, gave me an opportunity of attacking him, for which I had long been anxious. I reinforced our right with the 5th division, under Lieut.Gen. Leith, which I placed behind the village of Arapiles, on the right of the 4th division; and with the 6th and 7th divisions in reserve; and as soon as these

troops had taken their stations, I ordered the Hon. Major-Gen. Pakenham to move forward with the 3d division, and Gen. D'Urban's cavalry, and two squadrons of the 14th light dragoons, under Lieut.-col. Hervey, in four columns, to turn the Enemy's left on the heights, while Brig.-Gen. Bradford's brigade, the 5th division, under Lieut.-Gen. Leith, the 4th division, under the Hon. Lieut.-Gen. Cole, and the cavalry, under Lieut.-General Sir Stapleton Cotton, should attack them in front, supported in reserve by the 6th under Maj.General Clinton, the 7th under MajorGeneral Hope, and Don Carlos D'Espana's Spanish division, and Brig.-Gen. Pack should support the left of the 4th division, by attacking that of Dos Arapiles, which the Enemy held. The 1st and light divisions occupied the ground on the left, and were in reserve. The attack upon the Enemy's left was made in the manner above described, and completely succeeded. Major-Gen. the Hon. E. Pakenham formed the 3d division across the enemy's flank, aud overthrew every thing opposed to him. These troops were supported in the most gallant, style by the Portuguese cavalry under Brig. Gen. D'Urban, and Lieut.-Col. Hervey's squadrons of the 14th, who successfully defeated every attempt made by the Enemy on the flank of the 3d division. Brig.-Gen. Bradford's brigade, the 5th and 4th divisions, and the cavalry under Lieut.-Gen. Sir S. Cotton, attacked the Enemy in front, and drove his troops before them, from one height to another, bringing forward their right, so as to acquire strength upon the Enemy's flank, in proportion to the advance. Brig. Gen. Pack made a very gallant attack upon the Arapiles, in which, however, he did not succeed, excepting in diverting the attention of the Enemy's corps placed upon it, from the troops under the command of Lieut.-Gen. Cole, in his advance. The cavalry under Lt.-gen. Sir S. Cotton made a most gallant and successful charge against a body of the Enemy's infantry, which they overthrew and cut to pieces. In this charge, Major-Gen. Le Marchant was killed at the head of his brigade; and I have to regret the loss of a most able officer. After the crest of the height was carried, one division of the Enemy's infantry made a stand against the 4th division, which, after a severe contest, was obliged to give way, in consequence of the Enemy having thrown some troops on the left of the 4th division, after the failure of Brig.-Gen. Pack's attack upon the Arapiles, and the Hon. Lieut.-Gen, Cole having been wounded. Marshal Sir W. Beresford, who happened to be on the spot, directed Brig.-Gen. Spry's brigade of the 5th division, which was in the second line, to change its front, and to bring

its fire on the Bank of the Enemy's division; and I am sorry to add, that while engaged in this service, he received a wound, which, I am apprehensive, will deprive me of the benefit of his counsel and assistance for some time. Nearly about the same time Lieut.-Gen. Leith received a wound, which unfortunately obliged him to quit the field. I ordered up the 6th division under Maj.-Gen. Clinton, to relieve the 4th, and the battle was very soon restored to its former success.

The Enemy's right, however, reinforced by the troops which had fled from his left, and by those which had now retired from the Arapiles, still continued to resist; and I ordered the 1st and light divisions, and Col. Stubbs's Portuguese brigade of the 4th division, (which had been re-formed) and Major-Gen. W. Anson's brigade, like wise of the 4th division, to turn the right, while the 6th division, supported by the 3d and 5th, attacked the front. It was dark before this point was carried by the 6th division, and the Enemy fled through the woods towards the Tormes. I pursued them with the 1st and light divisions, and Major-Gen. W. Anson's brigade of the 4th division, and some squadrons of cavalry under Lieut.-Gen. Sir S. Cotton, as long as we could find any of them together, directing our march upon Huerta and the fords of the Tormes, by which the Enemy had passed on their advance; but the darkness of the night was highly advantageous to the Enemy, many of whom escaped under its cover, who must otherwise have been in our hands.-I am sorry to report that owing to this same canse Lieut.-Gen. Sir S. Cotton was unfortunately wounded by one of our own sentinels, after he had halted.

We renewed the pursuit at break of day, with the same troops, and MajorGen. Bock and Major Gen. Anson's brigades of cavalry, which joined during the night; and having crossed the Tormes, we came up with the Enemy's rear guard of cavalry and infantry, near La Serna: they were immediately attacked by the two brigades of dragoons, when the cavalry fled, leaving the infantry to their fate. I have never witnessed a more gal. lant charge than was made on the Enemy's infantry by the heavy brigade of the King's German Legion, under Major-gen. Bock, which was completely successful, and the whole body of the Enemy's infantry, consisting of three battalions of the Enemy's first division, were made prisoners.-The pursuit was afterwards continued as far as Penaranda last night, and our troops are still following the flying Enemy. Their head quarters were in this town, not less than ten leagues from the field of battle, for a few hours last night; and they are now considerably advanced on the road to Valladolid by Arevalo. They were joined

yesterday on their retreat by the cavalry and artillery of the army of the North, which have arrived at too late a period, it is to be hoped, to be of much use to them.

The

It is impossible to form a conjecture of the amount of the Enemy's loss in this action; but from all reports it is very considerable. We have taken from them 11 pieces of cannon*, several ammunition waggons, two eagles, and six colours; and one General, three Cols. three Lieut.-Cols. 130 Officers of inferior rank, and between 6 and 7000 men are prisoners, and our detachments are sending in more every minute. number of dead on the field is very large. -I am informed that Marshal Marmont is badly wounded, and has lost one of his arms and that four general officers have been killed and several wounded. Such an advantage could not have been acquired without material loss on our side; but it certainly has not been of a magnitude to distress the army, or to cripple its operations. I have great pleasure in reporting to your Lordship, that, throughout this trying day, of which I have related the events, I had every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the general-officers and troops. The relation which I have written of its events will give a general idea of the share each individual bad in them; and I cannot say too much in praise of the conduct of every individual in his station.

[His Lordship here expresses his satisfaction at the conduct of the General Officers and troops, and observes that, where the conduct of all has been conspicuous!y good, it must be matter of regret that the necessary limits of a dispatch prevents his drawing Lord Bathurst's attention to the conduct of a larger number of individuals. He then enumerates the following, to whose services, valour, and zeal, he is particularly indebted. Marshal Beresford (for friendly counsel and assistance), Lieutenant-Generals Sir S. Cotton, Leith and Cole; Major-Generals Clinton, E. Pakenham, W. Anson, Hulse, G. Anson, and Pringle (who commanded the division after Gen. Leith was wounded); Colonels Hinde, Stubbs, Ponsonby (who commanded Major-Gen. Marchant's brigade after the fall of that officer), and Douglas, 8th Port. Reg. ; Brigadier Generals Bradford, Spry, Pack, Power (Portuguese Service); and Conde de Rezendi; Lieut.-Colonels Campbell 94th, Williams 60th, Wallace 88th, Ellis 23d, Greville 38th, all commanding brigades; likewise Lieut.'Col. Bingham 53d, Brig.-Gen. D'Urban, Lieut. Col. Hervey, 14th Light Dragoons; Col. Lord E. Somerset, 4th drag.; and

*The official returns only account for 11 pieces of cannon; but it is believed that 20 have fallen into our hands.

Lieut.

Lieut.-Col. F. Ponsonby, 12th light drag.
-Lieut. Col. Woodford, commanding the
light batt. of the brigade of the Guards,
supported by two companies of the Fusi-
leers, under the command of Capt. Crow-
ther, maintained the village of Arapiles,
against all the efforts of the Enemy, pre-
vions to the attack upon their position by
our troops. The Royal and German ar-
tillery, under Lieut-Col. Framingham,
distinguished themselves by the accuracy
of their fire. Lieut.-Col. De Lancy, Dep.
Quarter-master Gen, and to the officers of
that department and of the Staff Corps,
for the assistance received, particularly
Lieut.-Colonels Dundas and Sturgeon of
the latter, and Major Scovell, of the for-
mer;
to Lieut-Col. Waters, head of the Ad-
jutant General's department, as well at
head-quarters as with the several divisions
of the army; and Lieut.-Col. Lord F. So-
merset, with the officers of his Lordship's
personal Staff. Among the latter, the
conduct of the Hereditary Prince of
Orange, which has acquired for him the
respect and regard of the whole army, is,
recommended particularly to the Prince
Regent's attention. Of the Spaniards,
Don Carlos D'Espagna, Brig. Don J.
Sanchez, with their respective troops; also
Don M. Alaga and Brig. Don. J. O'Law-
Jor, from whom, and from the Spanish Au-
thorities, his Lordship received every as-
sistance. His Lordship also praises the
merits of the Civil Officers of the army,
and observes that, notwithstanding the
distance from the magazines, and the
country being exhausted, nothing had been
wanted, owing to the diligence and atten-
tion of the Commissary General, Mr. Bis-
sett. By the attention and ability of Dr.
Macgregor, and of the officers of the de-
partment under his charge, the wounded
of the allies, as well as those of the Enemy,
have been well taken care of, and many
will be saved to the service.-Capt. Lord
Clinton had the honour of laying at the
feet of his R. H. the Prince Regent, the
eagles and colours taken from the Enemy
in the action near Salamanca.]

Olmedo, July 28, 1812. The army have continued their march in pursuit of the Enemy since I addressed you on the 24th inst. and we have continued to take many prisoners. A part of the Enemy's army crossed the Douro yesterday near Puente de Douro, and the remainder, their left wing, were in march towards the bridge of Tudela this morning at nine o'clock, when I last heard from our ad-vanced posts. The main body of our Allied Army is this day on the Adaja and Zapardiel rivers in this neighbourhood; the light cavalry being in front in pursuit of the Enemy. It appears that Joseph Buo- naparte left: Madrid on the 21st, with the Army of the Centre, supposed to consist

of from 10 to 12,000 infantry, and from 2 to 3000 cavalry, and he directed his march by the Escurial upon Alba de Tormes. He arrived at Blasco Sancho, between Avila and Arevalo, on the 25th, where he heard of the defeat of Marshal Marmont, and he retired in the evening, and between that time and the evening of the 26th, he marched through Villa Castin to Espinor. A non-commissioned officer's patrole of the 14th light dragoons and 1st Hussars, from Arevalo, took, in Blasco Sancho, on the evening of the 25th, shortly after Joseph Buonaparte had left the place, two officers and 27 men of his own cavalry, who bad been left there to follow his rear guard. I have reason to believe that Joseph Buonaparte had no regular account of the action of the 22d, till he passed the Puerte Guadarrama yesterday; but be then returned, and was directing his march upon Segovia. I have not yet heard how far he had advanced. All accounts concur in the great loss sustained by the army of Portugal.-By accounts from Lieut. Gen. Sir R. Hill to the 24th inst. it appears, that the Enemy had in some degree reinforced their troops in Estramadura. The Lieut.-Gen. had removed to Zafra.-It is reported that Gen. Ballasteros had marched on another expedition towards Malaga, and that he was opposed by a division of the army of the South under Gen. Laval. I have not received detailed accounts of Com. Sir H. Popham's operations on the coast since the capture of Sequeito; but I understand that he has taken Castro Urdiales. Names of the Officers killed and wounded of the Army under Lord Wellington near Castragon, 18th July, 1812. Killed.-27th foot, Lieutenant Radcliffe, Adj. Davidson.

Wounded. Royal Horse Artillery: Lt. Belson, severely-3d Dragoons: Lieut. Bramfield, slightly.-11th light dragoons: Lieut. Bontein, slightly; Cornet Williams, severely-12th light drag.: Adj. Gettrick, severely.-14th foot: Major Brotherton, Lieuts. Gwynne, Fowke, slightly.-16th foot: Lieut. Baker, slightly.-1st Hussar K. G. L. Barrack-Master. Kraukenberg, Capt. Muller, slightly, Capt. Aly, severely, Lieut. Wisch, slightly.-7th R. fusileers: Lieut. Nantes, slightly.-27th foot: Capt. Mair, slightly.-40th foot: Lieut. Kelly, slightly.

Names of the Officers killed, wounded,

and missing, of the Allied Army under the command of Lord Wellington, in an Affair at Salamanca, on the 22dJuly1812. Killed.-Major-gen. Le Marchant.5th drag. guards: Captain Osborn.-3d drag. : Lieut. Selby.-12th light drag.: Capt. Dickens.-2d foot or Queen's: Ensign Denwoody.-7th fusileers: Captain Prescott.-11th foot, 1st batt.: Ensign

Scott.

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