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Scott. 23d Welch fusileers: Major Offly. -32d foot, 1st batt. : Lieut. Seymour, Ensign Newton.-36th foot, 1st batt. : Cts. Tullock and Middleton, Lieuts. Parker and Barton.-38th foot, 1st batt.: Capt. Taylor, Lieut. Broomfield.-44th foot, 2d batt.: Capt. Berwick, Ensign Standley.-61st foot, 1st batt: Lient-col. Barlow, Capts. Horton and Stubbs, Lients. Chauner and Parker,-68th foot, 1st batt.: Lieut. Finucane.-88th foot, 1st batt. : Brevet Major Murphy, Capt. Hogan.94th foot: Lieut. Innes.-2d light batt. K. G. L. Lieut. Fincke.

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Wounded Lieut.-gen. Sir. S. Cotton, severely.-Lieutenant-general Leith, severely, not dangerously. Lieut.-gen. Hon. G. L. Cole, severely, not dangerously. -Major-gen. V. Alten, severely, not dangerously.-Royal Horse-guards blue: Lieut.-col. Elley, A. A. G. slightly.-88th foot: Capt. Tryon, D. A. A. G. severely. -13th light drag.: Capt. White, D. A. Q. M. G. severely, since dead.-29th foot: Lieut. Hay, Aide-de-camp to Lieut.-gen. Leith, slightly.-6th drag. : Capt. Dawson, extra A. D. C. to Lieut.-gen. Leith, severely. 5th drag.: Captain Aiken, severely; Lieut. Christie, severely. drag. Lieut. Norcliffe, severely.- Is Hussars K. G. L.: Capts. Muller and Decken, slightly; Lieut. Fueto, severely; Lieut. Cordemann, slightly; Cornet Behrends, slightly. Coldstream guards, 1st batt.: Ensign Hotham, slightly.-3d guards, 1st batt. Capt. White, severely.-1st foot, or Royal Scots: Lieut-col. Barnes, severely; Captain Logan, slightly; Lieuts. Kellett, O'Neil, and Falk, severely; Lieut. M'Killigan, slightly; Lieut. Clarke, severely; Ensign Stoyte, severely.-2d foot, or Queen's-Brevet Lieut.-col. Kingsbury, severely; Major Graham, severely; Capt. Scott, severely; Lieut. Gordon, severely; Lieut. Williams, slightly; Lieut. Hudson, severely.-4th foot, 1st battalion: Major O'Halloran, slightly.-5th foot, 1st batt.: Brevet Lieut.-col. Bird, slightly; Captain Simcocks, severely; Lieuts. Macpherson and Gunn, severely; Ensign Hamilton, slightly; Ensign Pratt, severely.-5th foot, 2d batt. Lieut. O'Dell, severely; Lieut. Hilliard, slightly.-7th R. fusileers: Capt. Hammerton, slightly; Lients. Hutchinson and Hartley, severely; Lieuts. Wallace, Nantes, Johnson, Knowles, Henry, and Hannam, slightly; Adj. Hay, severely.-9th foot, 1st batt. : Lieut. AckJand, slightly.-11th foot, 1st batt.: Lt.eol. Cuyler, Major M'Gregor, Capts. Porter, Hamilton, and Qualy, severely; Lt. Donnovan, slightly; Lieuts. Rynd, Williams, and Stephens, severely; Lieut. Daniel, slightly; Lieuts. Walker and Smith, severely; Lieut. Stewart, slightly; Lieuts. Gethen and Read, severely.--23d R. W. fusileers: Lieut.-col. Ellis, Major Dalmer, Lieuts. Enoch, Fryer, Cloyde, severely;

Lieut. Macdonald, slightly.-27th foot, 3d batt. Lieut. P. Gordon, slightly.-30th foot, 2d batt. Lieut. Garvey, slightly.32d foot, 1st batt.: Capts. Rosiewen and Toole, slightly; Lieuts. Greaves and Eason, severely; Lt. R. Robinson, slightly; Lieuts. Bowes, Butterworth, Ensign Newton, (2d) severely; Ensign Blood, slightly.-36th foot, 1st batt.: Captain Fox, slightly; Lieuts. Price, Hewart, Ensign Bouchier, severely.-38th foot, 1st bait. : Lieut-col. Miles, severely; Capts. Wiltshire, Gallie, slightly; Capt. Fullarton, severely; Lieut. Ince, slightly; Lieut. Peddie, right arm amputated; Lt. Laws, Ensign Wheatly, severely; Ensigns Magie, Wilcocks, slightly; Ensign Byam, severely; Ensign Freer, slightly. 38th foot, 2d batt.: Lieut. M-Pherson, Ensign Anderson, severely.-40th foot, 1st batt. Lts. Gray, Hudson, severely; Lieuts. Brown, Turton, slightly; Adj. Bethel, severely.-43d foot, 1st batt.: Lt. Ridout, slightly.-45th foot, 1st batt.: Maj. Greenwell, severely; Lieut.-col. Forbes, Capt. Lightfoot, Lieut.' Coghlan, slightly; Ensign Rey, severely 48th foot, 1st batt: Capt. Thwaites, Lieur. Stroud, slightly; Lieut. Leroux, V. Marshall, severely; Lieut. Armstrong, slightly; Lieut. Johnson, severely; Ensigns Thatcher, Warton, slightly; Eusign Le Mesurier, right arm amputated.-53d foot, 2d batt. : Lieut.-Col. Bingham, Brig.lieut.-col. Capt. Robinson, Capt. Fehrsen, severely; Captain Poppleton, slightly; Capts. Fernandez, Blackall, M'Dougall, Lieuts, Hunter, Nicholson, severely; Ensign Bunworth, Adj. Carss, slightly.-60th foot, 5th batt. : Lieutenant-col. Williams, slightly; Major Galiffe, Ensign Lucke, severely.-61st foot, 1st batt.: Major Downing, Capts. Oke, M'Leod, Green, severely; Capt. Faville, severely (since dead); Lieut. Falkener, severely; Lieut. Daniel slightly; Lieut. Chapman, severely; Lieut. Chipchase, slightly; Lieut. Furnace, severely; Lt. Gloster, slightly; Lieut. Collis, severely; Lieut. Woolfe, slightly; Lieuts. Brackenburgh, Royal, Toole, Ensigns Whyte, Beere, Singleton, severely.-68th foot: Capt. and Brevet Major Millar, severely; Captain North, slightly.--74th foot: Capt. and Brevet Major Thompson, Lieut. Ewing, severely.— 83d foot, 2d batt. : Lieut. Gascoigne, severely; Lieutenant Evans, slightly.-88th foot, 2d batt.: Capt. Adair, Lieuts. Nichols, Meade, severely; Lieut. Kingsmill, slightly. 94th foot: Lieut.-col. Campbell, Capt. Cooke, Lieut. Griffith, severely.— -1st light batt. K. G. L. Capt. Hulseman, Lieut. Hartwigg, severely.-2d light batt. ditto: Capt. Haassman, slightly.-2d line batt. ditto: Capt. Scharnhorst, Lientenant Repke, severely.-5th ditto: Capt. Langresher, severely.Brunswick Oels: Capt. Lueder, severely; Lieut. Griesham, slight


ly. 1st Royal Scots: Volunteer M'Alpin, severely.-9th foot, 1st batt.: Volunteer Perry, severely.-53d foot, 2d batt.: Volunteer Morfshell, severely. (Signed)

JOHN WATERS, Lieut.-col. and A. A. G.

Names of the Officers Killed and Wounded on the 23d of July, 1812. Killed-1st dragoons, King's German Legion-Lieuts. Voss and Heugell.-2d ditto, ditto-Capt. Usslar.

Wounded.-R. Art. Lieut.-colonel May, A. A. G. sev.-1st drag. K. G. L.-Capt. Decken, Cornet Tappe, sev.-2d dittoLieut. Fumette, slightly.

British Wounded in the Portuguese Regiments.

Field Marshal Sir W. C. Beresford, K.B. severely, but not dangerously; Col. Collins, slightly; Capt. Synge, Aide-de-camp to B. Gen. Pack, severely; Lieut.-col. Watson, 1st. drag.; Lieut.-col. May, A. A. G. K. G. L.; Capt. Decken, and Cornet Tappe, 1st drag. K. G. L.; Capt. G. Crawford, 23d reg. slightly; Lieut.-col. Williams, 4th Caçadores, severely; Major St. Leger Hill, 8th ditto, severely.


Missing-Lieut. major-gen. de Miranda, Brig.-major 12th Dragoons.

Total British Loss-1 general staff, 1 lt.colonel, 1 major, 11 captains, 10 lieutenants, 4 ensigns, 24 serjeants, 1 drummer, 335 rank and file, 96 horses, killed; 4 general staff, 8 lieutenant-colonels, 9 majors, 43 captains, 88 lieutenants, 23 ensigns, 3 staff, 136 serjeants, 13 drummers, 2387 rank and file, 120 horses, wounded; 74 rank and file, and 37 horses, missing.'

Total Portuguese-7 captains, 4 lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 4 serjeants, 287 rank and file, 18 horses, killed; 1 general staff, 2 colonels, 4 lieutenant-colonels, 5 majors, 19 captains, 13 lieutenants, 27 ensigns, 3 staff, 42 serjeants, 4 drummers, 1432 rank and file, 13 horses, wounded; 1 lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, 179 rank and file, 7 horses, missing.

Total Spanish.-2 rank and file, killed; 4 rank and file, wounded.

In 'the Affair near La Serna.-Total-1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 2 serjeants, 46 rank and file, 67 horses, killed; 1 lieutenantcolonel, 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 1 cornet, 4 serjeants, 52 rank and file, 46 horses, wounded; 1 serjeant, 5 rank and file, 4 horses, missing.



Maria Louisa is returned to Paris: his Holiness the Pope is likewise arrived in that city.

The French Papers have given an account of the battle of Salamanca, which is a curious specimen of the ingenuity of the Enemy in glossing over a serious defeat. [See London Gazette Extraordinary in p. 169.] The loss of the cannon, and the taking of the 7000 prisoners on the 23d, are circumstances which it has been thought advisable to pass over in silence. There is indeed scarce any admission of disaster; and the impression sought to be produced is, that the French army retreated merely on account of Marmont having been wounded.

The Sixth Bulletin of the French Grand Army states, that the Russians had yielded up their Polish territory, which (as Buonaparte truly says) they did not originally obtain by very creditable means; and were preparing to make their stand at Dunaberg, to guard their antient barrier.

It appears from the Seventh Bulletin, dated Wilna, the 16th July, that the 1st Russian Army, under the command of the Emperor Alexander, was posted in its entrenched camp at Drissa, upon the right or North bank of the Dwina, where it was kept in check by the corps of Marshals the Dukes of Elchingen and Reggio (Ney and Oudinot), several divisions of

the first corps, and the cavalry corps of Nansouty and Montbrun, the whole under the command of Murat, which had advanced to the opposite side of the Dwina. Here the Russians proposed to make a stand, and expected to be attacked; but, being disappointed in that expectation, on the 15th they threw a bridge over the Dwina, at Drissa, and sent over a corps of 10,000 men, which attacked the French vanguard under Gen. Sebastiani, and drove him back a league, with the loss of 100 men killed, wounded, and prisoners. The Duke of Reggio had previously, on the 13th, crossed the Dwina at Dunaberg, and burned the Russian barracks at that place.

The Eighth Bulletin announces the passage of the Dwina by the French-their occupation of the entrenched camp at Drissa--the retreat of the Russians up the Dwina to Witepsk, in the direction of Smolensk and Moscow-their pursuit by part of the French army along the right bank of the Dwina, as far as Polotsk the interposition of the other part of the French army between the 1st Russian army, under the Emperor Alexauder, and the 2d army, under Prince Bagration the retreat of the latter still farther South towards Mozyr upon the Przypiec, and its conseqnent removal still far her from the 1st army, and the march of the French in pursuit of Bagration, upon the Berezyna, which falls into the Drieper,

alias the Boristhenes, to the North of Mozyr.

By the Ninth Bulletin, Buonaparte finds excuses for his failure of desired success in the alleged misconduct of his Generals; for he admits that "Prince Bagration has profited by the little acrivity with which he was pursued ;" and amidst a mass of most confused statements, it at length comes out, towards the conclusion of this Bulletin, that, notwithstanding all his threats of their dispersion, the Russian forces were collected at Witespk, whither he was proceeding against them. Thus are we possessed of the very important fact of the Russian Army being in an unbroken and entire state, after having, by a most able and masterly retreat, drawn the Enemy so far off from his resources, that there is every reasonable ground of hope, that by pursuing the same wise and safe plan of operations for only a short time longer, they will be able to attack him with success, and, under Providence, ultimately frustrate his designs.

The Tenth and Eleventh Bulletins give the particulars of various actions which were known, through the medium of the Gottenburgh mails to have taken place, between detached corps of the opposing armies, and in which the Enemy, in contradiction to the Russian accounts, of course claim the advantage. Our readers, however, may easily guess the degree of credit they are entitled to, when they are informed, that in one instance the Bulletin states, that 200 Voltigeurs, "lads of Paris," killed 300 Russian horsemen out of 15,000, by whom they were surrounded for a whole hour! and in the action between Prince Witgenstein and Oudinot, the French are declared to have not only driven the whole of the Russians, 15,000 in number, into the Drissa, but also to have killed and wounded 3500, and made 3000 prisoners, with all their artillery and military chests taken!-The Eleventh Bulletin, after describing the positions of the various corps, coolly says, "His Majesty has sent the army into quarters of refreshment. The heat is excessive, greater than what it is in Italy."-We may therefore conclude that his Majesty is at a stand!

A new Comet has been discovered by Mr. Pons, of the Observatory of Marseilles. He found it in a casual sweep of the Heavens on the morning of July 20. Its course was then between the feet of the Cameolopard and the head of the Lynx. The discovery has since been ascertained by Delambre, with the additional circumstances, that the Comet is small, without a train, invisible to the naked eye, but clearly seen with a common. night telescope.


In the month of August, 1811, the Queen of Etruria, arrived at Rome, was put into a convent, with her daughter; and deprived of her jewellery, and every thing of value she had.


The French, it appears, now succeed in throwing shells into the very heart of Cadiz. The average number thus thrown was about 30 per day: a great many houses had been damaged, and several lives lost. The Government had been so much alarmed at the discontents in the place, and the shells of the Enemy, as to have deliberated upon the removal of the Public Authorities to Ceuta. Commerce was quite at a stand.

It will be perceived by the perusal of the Marquis of Wellington's dispatches (p. 169), which are couched in a modest and unassurning style, that the defeat of the Enemy in the battle of Salamanca was as decisive and complete as is to be read of in the annals of war. Since the days of Marlborough, England cannot boast of having gained a similar victory: it was a contest of military science as well as valour, and merits every praise which a grateful country can bestow.-The amount of the contending forces previously to the battle is not officially stated; though the private accounts estimate the French at 44,000 men, and the Allies engaged at 37,000.

It appears from all the public and private accounts of the Battle which have reached town, that Lord Wellington had deceived Marmont by Kis retrograde movement, and induced him to think that the Allies were anxious to shun an engagement. In the unguarded confidence of imaginary superiority, he pursued until both armies arrived on the 23d at Ariselles, on the left of the Tormes: when, at five o'clock in the evening, the British Commander, with his characteristic penetration, perceived a favourable opportunity for turning on the Enemy. He immediately formed, and attacked their coJumns with such vigour that they were driven with great slaughter and the utmost confusion across the Tormes. The despe. rate rapidity and energy of the cavalry were greatly instrumental in deciding the fortune of the day. The entire destruction of Marmont's army was prevented solely by the interposition of night, under favour of which, several regiments, actually in our power, were enabled to escape. SWEDEN.

Bernadotte has been appointed Generalis-、 simo of the Swedish Army, with the same powers as the King; and has lately received from the liberality of the Swedish States, an addition to his income of about 70001. sterling. The allowance for himself


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and family is now 20,000l. per annum. Since his elevation he has purchased several valuable estates in Sweden.

Count Gottorf, in the late offer to join the Moravians, was, it appears, influenced by a passion not, in this particular instance, the most creditable to his character. He had become enamoured, at first sight, of a girl barely 15 years of age, the daughter of a Moravian Elder: and, in order to procure the father's consent to his espousing her, offered to sacrifice his creed on the altar of Hymen. The parents, under pretence that a Sovereign, though deposed, could not be admitted as one of the brethren, declined the alliance. The Count has since returned to Switzerland. DENMARK.

Dr. Herbolt, an eminent man-midwife and surgeon of division at Copenhagen, has discovered that the cause of apparent death in still-born children, is their having the wind-pipe filled with water. By the simple process of placing the infant in such a position as to procure a gradual and total discharge of the water, Dr. Herbolt has had the happiness to rescue in the proportion of 12 out of 13 of the innocents fortunately submitted to his care.


The Diet at Warsaw, being constituted into a General Confederation of Poland, kas named Prince Adam Czartorinski for its President. This Prince, aged 80 years, has for fifty years been Marshal of the Diet of Poland. The first act of the Diet was to declare the kingdom of Poland reestablished.

A Deputation from the Confederation was presented to Buonaparte at Wilna, and submitted to his approbation and protection the Act of Confederation.

To which Napoleon replied as follows: "Gentlemen, Deputies of the Confederation of Poland.

"I have heard with interest what you have related to me.

"POLES-I should have thought and acted like you-like you I would have voted in the Assembly at Warsaw. Love of the Country is the first duty of civilized


"In my situation I have many interests to conciliate, and many duties to perform. Had I reigned during the first, second, or third partition of Poland, I would have armed all my people to support you. Immediately that victory enabled me to restore your antient laws to your capital, and a part of your provinces, I did it without prolonging a war which would have continued to spill the blood of my subjects. "I love your nation: for sixteen years I have seen your soldiers by my side, in the fields of Italy, as well as those of Spain.

GENT. MAG. August, 1812.

"I applaud all you have done; I authorise the efforts you wish to make; I will do every thing that depends on me to second your resolutions.

"If your efforts are unanimous, you may conceive the hope of reducing your ene mies to acknowledge your rights; but in these countries, so distant and extensive, it is entirely upon the unanimity of the efforts of the population which covers them that you must found your hopes of


"I have held to you the same language since my first appearance in Poland. I must add here, that I have guaranteed to the Emperor of Austria the integrity of his dominions, and that I cannot sanction any manœuvre or any movement which may tend to trouble the peaceable possession of what remains to him of the Polish provinces. Let Lithuania, Samogitie, Witispsk, Polotsk, Mohilow, Wilhynu, the Ukraine, Podolia, be animated with the same spirit which I have seen in Great Poland, and Providence will crown with success your holy cause; he will recompense that devotion to your country, which has rendered you so interesting, and acquired you so many claims to my esteem and protection, upon which you may depend under every circumstance"

Thus, it appears, that Buonaparte by no means meditates the entire restoration of the Kingdom of Poland; for he tells the Deputies, that having guaranteed the integrity of the Austrian dominions, the Polish provinces subject to that Power must remain as they are. It is clear enough to perceive, with all bis professed love towards the Poles, that he merely wishes to use them as the instruments of his designs against Russia.


PROCLAMATION OF THE EMPEROR ALEXANDER. [Published in General Orders, by the Commander-in-Chief, General Bennigsen.]


Russians! The Enemy has quitted the Dwina, and has proclaimed his intention of offering battle. He accuses you of timidity, because he mistakes, or affects to mistake, the policy of your system. he then have forgotten the chastisement which your valour inflicted at Dunaberg and Mihr, wherever, in short, it has been deemed proper to oppose him? Desperate counsels are alone compatible with the enterprise he has undertaken, and the dangers of his situation; but shall we therefore be imprudent, and forego the advantages of our own?-He would march to Moscow-let him. But can he, by the temporary possession of that city, conquer the Empire of Russia, and subjugate a population of thirty millions. Distant from his resources near 800 miles, he would, even if victorious, not escape the fate of


the warrior Charles XII. When, pressed on every side by hostile armies, with a peasantry sworn to his destruction-rendered furious by his excesses, and irreconcileable by difference of religion, of customs, of language, how would he retreat? Russians!-Rely on your Emperor and the Commanders whom he has appointed. He knows the ardent and indignant valour which burns in the bosoms of his soldiers at the boasts of the Enemy. He knows that they are eager for battle; that they grieve at its being deferred, and at the thought of retiring. This cruel necessity will not exist long. Even now the period of its duration lessens. Already are our allies preparing to menace the rear of the invader, while he, inveigled too far to re`treat with impunity, shall soon have to combat with the seasons, with famine, and with innumerable armies of Russians. Soldiers, when the period for offering battle arrives, your Emperor will give the signal, will be an eye-witness of your exploits, and reward your valour.

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Beloved Subjects!In pursuance of the policy advised by our Military Council, the armies will, for the present, quit their positions, and retire further into the interior, in order the more readily to unite. The Enemy may possibly avail himself of this opportunity to advance: he has announced this intention. Doubtless, in spite of his boast, he begins to feel all the difficulties of his menaced attempt to subjugate us, and is anxious therefore to engage; he is desperate, and would therefore put every thing upon the issue of a battle. The honour of our Crown, the interests of our subjects, prescribe, however, a different policy: it is necessary that he should be made sensible of the madness of his attempt. If, urged by the desire of obtaining provisions and forage, or goaded by an insatiable cupidity for plunder, he should be blind to the danger of farther committing himself at such an immense distance from his territories, it would become the duty of every loyal Russian, every true friend to his country, to co-operate cheerfully with us in impeding equally his progress or his retreat, by destroying his supplies, his means of conveyance; in short, every thing which can be serviceable to him. We therefore order that such of our subjects in the provinces of Vitebsk and Pskov, as may have articles of subsistence, either for man or beast, beyond their immediate want, to deliver them to officers authorized to receive them, and for which they shall be paid the full value out of the Imperial Treasury. The owners of


growing crops within the distance of the line of the Enemy's march, are com manded to destroy them, and they shall be reimbursed their loss. The proprietors of magazines, either of provisions or cloathing, are required to deliver them to the Commissaries for the use of the army, and they will be liberally remunerated. In general, the spirit of this or der is to be carried into execution in regard to all articles, whether of subsistence, of cloathing, or of conveyance, which may be considered useful to the invaders; and the Magistrates are made responsible for the due fulfilment of these our commands. ALEXANDER."

We have seen an eloquent and interesting address from the Russian Minister at War, Gen. Barclay de Tolli, to the German people, calling upon them to imitate the example of the Spaniards and Portuguese, to abandon the standard of slavery, aud to join that of the Emperor Alexander, who promises to afford the aid of his whole population to assist in restoring the liberties of Germany. Those who accept the invitation are to be formed into a German Legion, under the command of a native German Prince (Duke of Oldenburgh). If the attempt to emancipate that part of the Continent from the French yoke should afterwards prove unsuccessful, those brave men are promised, in the name of the Emperor, habitatious and a refuge in the Southern part of Russia.

Prince Bagration is stated to have cut to pieces nine regiments of cavalry, and taken one thousand prisoners, among whom were fifty staff officers of Davoust's division. Besides these important facts, some gratifying particulars are stated in the different Bulletins of the Russian Army, which we have received. The vigorous repulse of the Enemy, in three several assaults on the tête du pont, with considerable loss in each, is confirmed; and the affair of the 15th, of which Buonaparte affects to treat so lightly in his eighth Bulletin, appears to have been of a decisive nature, The loss of the Eneiny was very considerable; and among the prisoners were seventeen officers of distinction. Marshal Mortier (nick-named Duke of Treviso), it appears by the last Russian Bulletin, approached the vicinity of Glaubokoy on the 17th, with 30,000 men, but was repulsed.

According to a letter from Pernau, the Russians make a distinction in the pri sopers taken by them-those who are natives of France are sent under a strong escort towards Siberia; while the Germans are permitted to enter into a parti cular corps forming for that purpose.

The Chief of the Cossacks in the Russian Army has offered his daughter in marriage,

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