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Carvings in Wood on the seats of the Nave of

Stevington Church. Bedfordshire.

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Certainly, if your Correspondent establishes a blunder like this, Virgil's character for accuracy appears with a hideous stain, which the successive intellect of more than eighteen hundred years has not been able to discern or wipe away!! But it is said "this may be poetic licence." What! may a Poet say a place lies West when it is situate East 2 Surely the variation of the compass on Mount Parnassus can never amount to this. -We are told "she could have said solemque orientem,' and all would have been right." Now my opinion is, and I think, Mr. Urban, I shall have you and all your attentive readers on my side, that by so saying, she would have fallen into the very unpardonable solecism which A. O. B. supposes.-In the second line of the above quotation, there is a manifest allusion to Mount Atlas, which lies Westerly of Carthage, where Dido is, the "gens Massyla" also lie West of her; and what should we have said of Virgil if he had placed his " solem ORIENTEM" here? See Strabo, Ed. Falconeri, vol. ii. p. 1167. But the Poet, besides his own accurate judgment, follows the authority of his great prototype Homer himself, who gives the Ethiopians a very extended rauge. See Odyss. Lib. i. v. 23. * Αιθίοπας, τοὶ διχθὰ δεδαίαται, ἔσχατοι ἀνδρῶν,

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Οἱ μὲν ΔΥΣΟΜΕΝΟΥ ὑπερίονος, οἱ δ' α. νίοντος.

Hence it appears this nation was considered as reaching from the East to the "setting Sun."-Strabo, in ed. ut supra, vol. ii. p. 1169, says, "Bóyou δὲ τὸν βασιλέα τῶν Μαυρουσίων ἀναβάντα ἐπὶ τοὺς ΕΣΠΕΡΙΟΥΣ Αιθιόπας κ. τ. λ. But enough, I trust, is said to convince the most superficial observer of antient Geography, that Virgil is perfectly correct. Indeed, I can hardly bring myself to the belief that your Correspondent was serious in proposing the passage as a difficulty.

Now we come to the quotation from Sallust: "A. Manlius Torquatus bello Gallico filium suum quòd is contra imperium in hostem pugnaverat, necari jussit."-This does indeed appear like an erroneous passage, as we find that the cruel punishment here mentioned was ordered not in the Gallic but in the Latian War. I have no comments at hand, nor do I

GENT. MAG. July, 1812,

recollect what has been said of this passage. A. Manlius, it is known› was originally his name. “Torqua tus" is a mere honorary title, conferred for an act of heroism, which your readers also know. A. Manlius slew a Giant-Gaul in a war with that nation, took from off his fallen foe a golden Collar, which he afterwards wore himself.-Then I propose to place a comma after the word “Gallico," and consider the word "Torquatus" not only as a part of his name, but as a participle (which it really is, as may be seen in the Dictionaries) and I would translate "A. Manlius, honoured by the Collar in the Gallic War, ordered his own son to be put to death because he had attacked the enemy contrary to command."-i submit this explanation to the opinion of your Readers, and remain most truly J. W


A Cheup and Nutritious Diet, which

every Poor Person can make.

Rother fish, after scraping off the

OACH, Dace, and Perch, or any

scales, taking out the entrails, cutting off the fins, head, and tail, wash them in cold water, throw them into an iron pot, containing two ounces of salt to every pint of water, made boiling hot before the fish is put in; when they have boiled an hour or less, take them out of the salt and water, throw away the bones, and dry the fish, spread on a clean board, and dry them before a fire or in the sun: when quite dry, they will rub to powder, to which add a little powder of pepper or ginger; keep it dry in a jar or flour tub.-The salt and water will serve to boil more fish.-One ounce or more of this powder is a sufficient addition to as much boiled Rice or Potatoes as two people can consume at a meal. This powder any one can make, and it will not cost od. per pound; all that is needful is to sprinkle it upon the boiled Rice or Potatoes.-The best Sea-fish for this purpose are Cod, Ling, Haddock, and Whiting. Oily fish, as Herrings, Salmon, Eels, &c. would do this way to eat in substance, but they will not rub into powder. Dry salted Cod, generally sold at 6d. per pound, would answer for this purpose, and would rub into powder if perfectly dry; and it is necessary to keep the jar or tub in a warm and dry place constantly.



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Tfriend to another, is at your serHE following letter, from one

vice. The information it conveys may be useful to some, and cannot offend any person. Yours, &c. DEAR SIR,

A COASTER. Southend, Essex,

June 30. You inquire with some curiosity, and indeed not without some anxiety, after the situation, accommodations, and society of this place; and I am proportionably desirous of gratifying your friendly expectations, as satis factorily as my limited knowledge of it will admit.

Southend is situated on the Southeast coast of Essex, in the parish of Prittlewell, 42 miles from London, from whence there is a daily communication by two coaches and the post. It is a short distance from the Nore, and within the view of it; and fronts an expanse of the sea of 10 miles in width, to Sheerness on the opposite coast of Kent, which water constitutes the mouth of the Thames.

This semi-marine village, or hamlet, is approached through a rich part of this county; the crops of corn and grass are very abundant, and the hedges are very tolerably wooded. The roads, in every inland direction, are remarkably fine, and the excellent gravel, in the adjoining fields, admits of their being kept in good and constant repair. The airings are, therefore, very pleasant, though there is no prevailing great feature to strike or astonish the admirers of the wonderful. Towards the latter end of Autumn the interior of this Hundred is subject to the ague, but the immediate coast is not liable to this unwelcome guest; but is even the Winter's asylum of the more opulent of the neighbouring residents of Rochford and its nearer vicinity.

The appropriation of this place to the purpose of bathing is not of very remote antiquity. It was not known, or not acknowledged, as such, " forty Summers ago." Of later years it has witnessed the accession of much building, and though still without the advantages of a town, or the sufficient competition of tradesmen, it possesses several conveniences. And so long as the company that frequent this retreat from the more busy scenes, do not bring with them, or in

dulge in, any imaginary wants, so as to give into the unreasonable demands of a monopoly, they may be suited with all the ordinary necessaries, and contribute to correct a growing evil.

Three commodious and very decent inns, or hotels, as they affect to call them, solicit the favours of the visitors on their arrival. If there are any gradations in their accommodations of their customers, they may be left to their respective appearances, though all are good. It would be invidious to attempt to recommend a preference, when, probably, there will be greater inequality in the taste of the guests, than in the accommodations that solicit their acceptance.

The private lodgings, or houses, are very rarely found insufficient for the persons who visit this place; and, speaking generally, they are good and commodious, for families and single persons.

The bathing is good, but depend ant on the state of the tide. Eight or ten machines are used with awnings, as at various other places. The Warm Baths, though confined in accommodation, are not objectionable, otherwise than the attendants do not abound in official assiduity.

The Post Office is under the management of not the most courteous of the human race; and, in order to secure the demand of one penny for each letter on its being put into the office, there is no open receiving box at the house; a petty tax which any friend to the place would do a public service to contest in its present stage. Such abuses are insignificant in themselves, but important in their consequences; and reflect discredit on the higher departments of an office which is so admirably conducted at head-quarters, and most of its ramifications.

The fish caught here are not considerable in quantity, or particularly rare but there is no great occasion of complaint, while haddock, brill, flounders, smelts, mackarel, shrimps, and cockles, successively grace the tables of the visitors.

The division of the Upper and Lower Town arises merely from the situation of the ground; and, as far as it admits of a choice, according to the judgment or taste of the temporary residents, is desirable; but it involves

involves no distinction of gentility or fashion. More privacy may, indeed, attach to the lower town, while the terrace is the scene of greater observation.

The company of this place chiefly consists of families who live in the contiguous part of the country, and of those who migrate for a short time from the metropolis.


Mr. Baron Thompson is the most distinguished person that annually visits Southend. He has for some years enjoyed his leisure during part of the long vacation at this place. Though the present writer is wholly unknown to him, he runs no risk of contradiction, in saying that the Judge's residence is an acquisition and recommendation to Southend.

By the Season" is understood the months of July, August, and September.


Hackney, July 4.

HAVING lately met with the same account of the origin of Hanging up Arms in Churches, in a different book to that quoted by your Correspondent D. M. I transcribe it, thinking this information may tend to confirm "Baker's conjecture," mentioned in your Magazine for May last, p. 415, and throw some light on the subject. M. R. C.

"The magnificence of this great King (Canute) so shined in the eyes of his courtiers and flatterers, that they extolled him equal with Alexander, Cyrus, and Cæsar, and applauded him as possessed with more than human power. But, to convince and reprove such mis chievous instruments, and to shew the small power of Kings in respect of the King of Heaven and Earth, he caused his royal seat (says Huntingdon) to be placed by the sea-shore at Southampton, while the tide was flowing in; and being seated in his robes, and his courtiers about him, he, with all the air of majesty, spoke in these terms: Thou sea art under my dominion, and the land on which I sit is mine; nor has any unpunished resisted my commands: I charge thee therefore presume no further upon my land, nor dare to wet the feet of thy Sovereign Lord.' But the sea, as at other times, came rolling on, and both wet his feet and dashed against his robes; which caused him suddenly to rise up and cry out, 'Let all the inhabitants of the world know how vain and frivolous is the power of Kings!

Nor is there any that can deserve that title, but he whose eternal laws the heavens, earth, and sea obey.' From which time this King would never wear his own crown, but commanded it to be put upon the head of the Crucifix at Winchester. From whose example, according to Petrus Pictaviensis, arose that custom of hanging up the Armour of great men in Churches, as offerings made to God, by whose assistance they had obtained any honour to themselves, or benefit to their country, by victory, or an honourable death."

Echard's History of England, 1707. vol. I. p. 109.


April 6, Ter William Daniel his late EXHE following "Journal or Account London to Surrat, in india, giving a pedition or Undertaking to go from short but impartial relation of the Dangers, Distresses, Fatigues, and Hinderances, happening to him during the said Expedition till his return my hands; and being well assured, to England," having lately fallen into that of this book only a very few copies were printed, at the private expence of Mr. Daniel, the author (son of Sir Peter Daniel, knight, alderman rectors of the East India Company, of London), for the use of the Diat whose charges be travelled; and that it was never published, or put into any bookseller's hands; I recommend it to a place in your useful Miscellany. Your readers who are curious in such matters will at least learn from it the improvements made between Europe and Asia over land. in the present time in the intercourse Mr. Daniel in four months got no farther than Mocha; and, being too late for the ships, was forced to return back, and arrived in England at the end of the year. D. H.

"I DEPARTED from London, May the 4th, 1700, in a Wherry, for Gravesend; where, after having a little refreshed myself, the wind and tide being against me, I immediately sent to get post-horses ready; which as soon as provided, it being break of day, I proceeded for Dover, where I arrived about eleven o'clock; where, enquiring for a conveyance for Calice, and offering any money, I found it very difficult; but accidentally I found there was a French merchant who had hired a small boat bound for Bologne,


to whom I immediately addressed myself, desiring him to permit me to accompany him, offering to pay any charge he should desire; which, to my great satisfaction, he frankly embraced; adding many complimental courtesies, and seeming to be highly pleased. We dined together, and an hour after embarked; having ordered some necessaries, for fear of unfortunate accidents, to be put on board this small boat; our crew being only six men, my companion, and self; and, for want of a better, I was forced to be steersman. We put off in a perfect calm; but before we got half way over, the elements giving us too true a specimen of their inconstant natures, it began to thunder and lighten extremely, increasing its violence to that extraordinary degree, that before we could reach the French coast, the rain and wind, as if contending which should outvie each other, gave but an indifferent pleasant beginning to the hopes of my expected enterprise. Besides, another dismal inconvenience attended us, for night coming on, we were utterly uncapable of seeing the shore; and besides, the coast near Bologne, being very rocky and dangerous, we were forced to put before the wind for Calice: But Omnipotence was pleased not long after to favour us; for accidentally by the way we met a Billander at her anchor, bound for Bologne next tide, she being employed in the service for carrying of stones for the fortification of Dunkirk; on whom we embarked, you may suppose, with considerable satisfaction; it being morally impossible, that our small boat should have lived in such a tempest much longer; but Providence protecting us, we got there safe at seven the next morning, where my companion regaled me with a brace of partridges, and a bottle of champagne, while my post-horses were getting ready; and refitting me with a hat, having lost my own in the aforesaid storm, I immediately departed, and lay that night at Abbeville, being twenty-eight leagues from Calice, where lives the post-master-general, to whom I had a letter of recommendation; and having at that time no luggage to hinder my speedy passage, he readily furnished me with his best horses. By which means, and furthered also by a willing mind,

resolving to make the best of my way, I arrived that night at Paris, though not a little weary, the roads and the weather not extremely consulting either my pleasure or business.

"Early the next morning, being the 9th instant, I took post for Lyons, and Marseilles, where I arrived the 15th, and the next day waited on Mons. St. Amand, and Messrs. Lambe and Basket, on whom I had credit for several hundred pounds, which I converted into pistoles; and the next morning, at break of day, departed in a felucca for Genoa, accompanied by a French marquis, who was going for Venice, to see his mistress, as I afterwards understood by some discourse that happened; the nature of the French being very open in discovery, as well as guilty in their intriguing affairs. We lay that night in an old castle, eighty miles from Marseilles ; from whence setting out again next morning, we had so little wind we only made sixty miles that day to a village called St. Turpe, where we were no sooner arrived but the rising gales began to blow so freshly, and against us, that we were forced to lie by for two days. There are no people certainly in the world so fearful and cowardly as the Genoese. The next day being somewhat calmer, we put to sea again, and about two hours afterwards we espied a small Tartan standing towards us; at sight of which, they, fearing her to be an Algerine, ran immediately ashore, halfdead with fear. And here it will not be amiss to relate the ridiculous helps those superstitious fools appropriate to themselves in time of their con ceited danger.

"First, they lighted a lamp, and set it before a little Saint they had painted on a piece of board, and then went all to prayers, imploring its assistance with that eagerness and devotion, as if the wooden deity could have quelled the two elements, Air and Water, as well as it could have added to the third element of Fire, if it had been thrown into it, to try its celestial nature. The Marquis and 1, at that time of their consternation, were but indifferently employed, going into the country shooting of rabbits, and at our return found the devotion and fear of our companions both at an end, the dreadful vessel proving to be only a boat of Trapany,


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