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doing supernatural acts. If He really promised that He would rise again, then it becomes impossible to deny to Him the gift of prediction; then it becomes more probable that He may have exercised that gift on other occasions also, and in other ways; then it is not even improbable that He may have bestowed that gift likewise upon others; and then, finally, if we can trust our records of His words and actions, which is a matter of probable evidence, it is certain that if He appealed to the witness of prophecy in the Old Testament, He did so as to the testimony of a supernatural witness. And thus the existence of a supernatural element in the predictive prophecy of the Old Testament is assured to us on the authority of Christ.' (Pp. xi., xii.)

And in his last Lecture, he says: 'If we believe in Jesus, we shall find little difficulty in believing that the Prophets spake of Him.'

These sentences should be read in the light of their author's Bampton Lecture on The Religion of the Christ, wherein he shows that the existence and permanence and influence of the Christ-idea' and Christianity demonstrate the supernatural character of both. This line of argument is of great value and cogency, but it seems somewhat out of place in a volume that treats of the evidence of prophecy. The convergence of fulfilled prophecies on Jesus of Nazareth forms one main reason why we believe that Jesus is the Christ. It is fair to start with the prophecies and argue from them the truth of our Lord's claim to the Messiahship; it is fair to begin with the universally acknowledged facts the person and work of our nd to argue that He estabhe presence of the supernatural ophecy by the authority of His ; it is fair to point out the corspondence of the performances of history with the prognostications of prophecy, and inspiration

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Into this mistake Professor Leathes would hardly have fallen, but for his views as to the evidential function of prophecy. He holds that the proper purpose of the argument from prophecy is to confirm the faithful, not to convince the gainsayer. For support of this position, he appeals to St. Paul's declaration that prophecy serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which be lieve.' (1 Corinthians xiv. 22.) The quotation seems to have been sug gested by its sound rather than by its applicability. The words occur in the midst of directions about speaking with tongues and prophesy ing; the Apostle exalts the latter above the former. But by 'prophesying' here, he plainly refers to inspired utterances in Christian corgregations. These which were not recorded, were essentially temporary, were not necessarily or mainly pre dictions, and were designed, not for: the Universal Church, but for the. little assembly in which they were. delivered. Surely, it does not require any very keen faculty of discrimina tion to distinguish between these prophesyings and the written and preserved revelations of the Prophets whose words form part of the Sacred Scriptures. The text adduced, then, may be pronounced irrelevant, and we may look at Professor Leathes contention apart from it. In a care fully thought-out appendix on The Credentials of Revelation, the Professor reasons that the acceptance a revelation depends upon the faith of the individual who receives it, and faith is a moral or spiritual quality: 'not that the intellect is altogether otiose in the matter, for it acquieso or cooperates, but is subordinate. It would lead us too far afield to dis cuss the relation of the intellect to the spirit in the exercise of faith; but

to adopt popular terminology


there is a palpable distinction between the faith of the head and the faith of the heart. The first may exist without the second; the second can hardly exist without the first. If by the reception of a revelation from God is meant the surrender of the entire being to its force, the receiving faith is distinctly a spiritual function. And we may speak of such faith as a spiritual sense; and to the Christian, it or the experience of God which results from it-is indubitable evidence of the supernatural. But there is a lower degree or kind of faith which, for instance, they 'who hold the truth in unrighteousness' possess, as well as those who obey it and love it. We quite allow that a man's moral condition will greatly affect his intellectual processes, especially those which relate to religious matters. Nevertheless, what are commonly called the evidences of religion appeal to the intellect; and we do contend that, altogether apart from personal experience of the powers of the world to come, there is abundant evidence to produce a reasonable conviction of the truth of Christianity. The argument from prophecy-inasmuch as it is an argument-must be judged on precisely the same terms and by precisely the same powers as any other argument. The proved correspondence of prediction and performance furnishes evidence of the truth and inspiration of the Bible, which every intelligent enquirer is capable of understanding. The believer in the Scriptures can appeal to men of reason who are not also men of religion, and to them make good his case. And further, we submit that because advanced liberal criticism' has failed to destroy the similarity of prophecy fulfilled to prophecy forespoken, it has affected not one whit the cogeney and nature of the argument from prophecy. An attack necessitates a defence, and the

student can be no longer content with such a work as that of Dr. Keith's. He feels that there are preliminary questions that demand an answer before he can acknowledge the validity of Dr. Keith's argument. But having answered these questions, he will find that there is comparatively very little indeed in Dr. Keith's noble and deservedly popular volume to which he cannot assent. And to the nature and basis of Dr. Keith's argument he will give his cordial adhesion. The Evidences of the Truth of the Christian Religion Derived from the Literal Fulfilment of Prophecy has been long enough the butt for the ridicule of rationalist and semi-rationalist, and the subject of the good-natured pity of the more 'liberal' divines of the orthodox school, and even of the faint praise of some of the more evangelical. We are bold to affirm that the historico-critical interpretation' has not undermined the ground upon which Dr. Keith stood; and if so, the main lines of his reasoning must still be unimpugnable.

But, modern criticism will reply, in laying so much stress upon prediction, you mistake the nature and design of prophecy. The Prophets were not so much predictors as teachers of religion and morality, and reprovers of sin; their predictions were subordinate to their preaching. Kuenen writes much to this effect, and endeavours, by the aid of this principle, to clear the personal character of the Prophets from the aspersions which his denial of their inspiration had cast upon them. Our space will not permit us to follow him, though the whole subject deserves lengthened discussion. Nor can we do more than just advert to the weighty and wise incidental remarks of Professor Leathes upon it. But the matter is too important to be passed over in absolute silence.

laid upon him in connection with various departments, and Methodism is much indebted to him for the part he has taken in the restoration of City-Road Chapel; Mr. Wilson has done never-to-be-forgotten service as a Missionary in Fiji, and since his return home has greatly aided the Mission-cause by his fervent and telling advocacy; Mr. Stephenson's name is inseparably connected with one of the noblest of Methodist philanthropic institutions, the Children's Home, and he has toiled arduously as the General Secretary of the Thanksgiving Fund; Mr. Dallinger owes his election not only to the fact that he has obtained eminence in the scientific world, but also to his very exceptional gifts as a preacher, lecturer and writer, whilst through all he has retained the faith and experience of a genuine Methodist Preacher, who 'will yield to none in Methodist loyalty and Methodist love.' The four form a brilliant constellation of distinguished Ministers.

That the Rev. Ebenezer E. Jenkins should succeed the Connexional Editor in the chair of the Conference was so much a foregone conclusion that curiosity was aroused rather as to the names that would come nearest to his than as to what name would head the list. We must be silent about the preadumbrations for next year, but that election will possess special importance in view of the Ecumenical Methodist Conference which will probably meet in London in 1881. În inducting the new President to his office, his predecessor spoke of his 'clear, incisive, vigorous intellect,' his 'crystalline, pure and forcible diction,' and the services he had rendered to the grand Missionary cause scarcely less by' his statesmanlike and highlyanimated advocacy than by' his soldierly labours on the high places the field, and by' his 6 sucand diligent administra

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tion,' and felicitously referred to the 'eminent Missionaries' who had filled the chair before him. The Presi dent's inaugural address dwelt chiefly upon the double danger to which modern Methodism is exposed-that of 'running into changes which will make Methodism something elsean institution radically different from that which was bequeathed to us by our fathers'; and that of shrinking from change, from facing it, or accepting and assimilating it when it is inevitable-i.e., when it is the organic issue of progress. No one can honestly shut his eyes to the presence of these two dangers: in adapting Methodism to new conditions we must never lose sight of our original vocation, and watch with scrupulous care that with growing wealth and culture we do not weaken one whit our aggressive evangelism.

At the same time we are bound to provide for the wants of the more highly-educated members of our congregations, and peculiarly for our intelligent young people.

The open session was devoted almost entirely to Ireland and France. In Dr. Appelbe, Ireland possesses a scholar of whom she may well be proud, and in Mr. Kerr, a man of powerful and fervid eloquence. The debt of French Methodism to M. Hocart is incalculable. Through the speeches of both the Irish representatives there ran a strain of hope: the Protestant Churches of our sister isle are not dispirited before Popery: they look forward cheerily to ultimate, though it may be distant, triumph. The French representative showed that the good effect of Methodism in his country must not be measured by the weakness of the French Methodist Church: it exerts a most beneficial influence upon other Protestant communities, and frequently furnishes them with devoted Ministers. Lack of funds alone prevents Methodism in France

from accomplishing far more than it has hitherto attempted. France will find the men is it impossible for England to find the money?

The list of the dead was unusually small, but it contained an extraordinary proportion of men of mark. The very first name on the roll demands a pause; it is that of an exPresident of the Conference, a prince among 'revivalists,' a Preacher of nearly unrivalled power, a man of enormous personal influence, the firm friend and untiring benefactor of Supernumeraries and their widows. No wonder that the name of John Rattenbury elicited many loving and appreciative testimonies, which were received with emphatic approval by the Conference. Another ex-President, too, has this year passed from amongst us. To the general Methodist public, John Bedford was best known as the laborious, skilful and persevering Secretary of the Chapel Committee, but in Conference and in Committees he was wise in counsel, weighty in debate, and statesmanlike in view; he was, too, a theologian of no common attainments, and a thoughtful, polished and earnest Preacher. Among the honoured dead are also Samuel Lucas (B), an enthusiastic geologist, who has left behind him works that ought not to be forgotten. John H. Anderson, whose forceful eloquence was often accompanied with an unction from the Holy One, and whose simplicity and devoutness never failed to charm; Philip Tourgis, to whose ministry the Lord gave many seals; John Clulow, selfdenying, painstaking, business-like, true, firm and gentle, whose work for our Day and Sunday Schools, in our Circuits, and as Chairman of Districts, has made a permanent impression upon Methodism; John Hall, a model of diligence and attention to detail, who ably superintended several of our most important Circuits; Thomas Wood (A), the labori

ous Pastor and able Preacher; there are others, too, who served their own generation by the will of God, and faithfully did the work of Methodist Preachers. Nor ought we to pass without a word of recognition the names of the venerable Missionary, Ralph Stott, and the two brothers Samuel, among the ablest of our native Ministers. During the sittings of the Representative Conference an announcement was made of the death of another venerable Minister, Samuel Fiddian, whose laborious ministry had extended over fifty-four years. As a Minister he had been eminently serviceable, indefatigable as a Pastor, mighty in prayer; his death, though very sudden, can hardly be called premature.

Only in exceptional cases does the Conference take formal notice of the retirement of any Minister to the ranks of the Supernumeraries. This year three Ministers were thus distinguished. To the Rev. Thomas Llewellyn the President spoke deserved words of esteem. Of Mr. Coley, whose voice will be sadly missed alike in pulpit and lecture-hall, Dr. Rigg and others spoke in tender and loving words. The prayers and sympathy of the Methodist Preachers and people will follow him in his retirement, which, but that the Master wills it, we should call premature. The long and happy connection of Dr. Jobson with the WesleyanMethodist Book-Room, and his most faithful, efficient and successful labours in this very important department of the work of God, call for more than a passing notice in this Magazine, in which he was so deeply interested. The testimony given by Dr. Osborn in Conference, on occasion of Dr. Jobson's requesting permission to retire, to the notable variety, the unswerving fidelity, the impassioned earnestness and the exceptional effectiveness of Dr. Jobson's services to Methodism, was so.

masterly, so tender and yet so true to fact, as to leave nothing to be desired, and indeed to discourage all other attempts at faithful delineation or concise and comprehensive record. He said:

'I seem to claim a privilege in saying something in reference to the communication now made to the Conference. The Conference will understand, I am sure, that at the same time I undertake a most painful duty. Having watched from its commencement to its close the long period of my dear friend's active service, I can hardly be silent on this occasion. I cannot fail to express my sense of the great loss which this Connexion sustains in Dr. Jobson's retirement from active service, the loss of a munificent benefactor. That is the lowest view that can be taken of itthe loss of a most efficient public servant and officer of various departments, the loss of one of the most powerful, diligent and efficient Preachers which this Connexion has ever inscribed upon its rolls. The Connexion can ill spare such a man. My thoughts go back to the variety as well as to the extent of the public service which Dr. Jobson has rendered to us. I will not go into details of private history or incidents of Circuit-life. I confine myself to recollections of public and official life.........In this wonderful work of God, somehow we seem to be able to utilize all sorts of attainments and acquirements, and it is marvellous to see how the work of God is carried on under the superintendence of His providence. You know what Dr. Jobson did towards raising the style and tone of our public buildings, and that he made a professional contribution to the welfare and advancement of the Connexion. Then came the years of our great conflict and sorrow, for the relief of which Dr. Jobson proved himself a most valuable and efficient servant to this Connexion, full of sympathy to suffering brethren and very diligent in providing help for their relief. These efforts never could be in the memory of many to whom I speak, but they cannot be obliterated from mine or the memory of any who were compelled to bear the burden of responsibility, and they were cheerfully rendered not only for the protection of our property, but for the relief of our distress in time of need. By


and-by you wanted a Treasurer for the Education Fund, and you found one in the time of need, and he was a very helpful There was a vacancy in the office Book-Steward, and there again the provi dence of God directed us to a man who could help us as probably no other ma could help us; who took a most onerons and difficult position, and who has filled i in a way greatly to augment the usefulness of the Connexion in that department, and by consequence the estimation in which his brethren held him. I look at this as only one of a long series of services. There was a vacancy in the clerical treasurership of the Missionary Society, and he lent his help there and discharged its duties. You had requested him on one occasion to ac company our dear friend Dr. Hannab to America. He readily undertook it, and how he discharged it I need not reming you. Later, you found it necessary to ast him to go to the Antipodes, and willing he consented, and well he did the work entrusted to him. I feel that this is indeed a rare occasion; and although I am no going to compliment-although I do no think it would become as to deal in fu some expressions-I think it would be un becoming if this large body of Minister did not give full expression to that grea love and sympathy which I am sure the all feel. I am sure that the best wishes o all my brethren go with our dear friend."

The lamented illness of the Re

S. Coley necessitated the appoint ment of a Theological Tutor to Hea ingley College; the choice of th Conference fell on the Rev. J. § Banks. For the new College s Birmingham the Rev. F. W. Ma donald was designated as Theologi Tutor, and the other officers wer also elected. Dr. Osborn asked th his successor should be nominates and the Rev. M. Randles was chose We do not doubt that our theolog will be safe in the hands of th three Tutors we have just name and that our students will be trains not only in Methodist Theology, bu instructed also as to its relation the thought of the time.

It is worthy of note that no living man has preached so many times in City-R Chapel as has Dr. Jobson, he having laboured for three terms of three years in City-Road Circuit, and having frequently occupied the pulpit during his Book-Stewar ship. It may also be remarked that no Methodist Minister has had a larger amount confidential intercourse with distinguished Ministers of other denominations.-EDIT

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