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ens, which we know is Death; but can neither be the Object of a perfonal Vengeance, nor fuffer the Horrors of a perfonal Guilt, as it is impoffible an innocent Perfon fhould; and thus Chrift died for our Sins, but could neither fuffer the Wrath of God, nor feel the Horrors and Defpair of Sinners. This does not belong to the Sacrifice, but to the Sinner himfelf; the Sacrifice can never be the Object of God's Wrath and Difpleafure; for then it could not make a Propitiation and Attonement, which nothing can do, but that which pleases and it founds to me like a Contradiction, that what is the Object of God's Wrath Thould be an acceptable Sacrifice.

To be the Object of God's Wrath is to fuffer his Anger, his fierceft Anger and Displeasure; if then Chrift fuffered the Wrath of God, God was very angry with him; but I would fain know for what Reafon? Had Chrift done any thing to displease him? He was perfectly Innocent and Holy, always obedient to his Will, and therefore God could not be angry with him upon his own perfonal Account; but he ftood in the Place of Sinners, and therefore that Anger which was due to Sinners, was transferred on him. But though Punishment may, can Anger also be transferred, which is always perfonal? But what is meant by Chrift's ftanding in the Place of Sinners? Is it any thing more, than that he died a Sacrifice for Sin? And was this a Reafon for God to be angry with him? Was not this by his Father's Appointment, and in Obedience to his Will? And is the moft perfect Act of Obedience and Submiffion a Reason of Anger? But was God's giving his Son a Sacrifice for Sinners, an Expreffion of God's Anger and Difpleafure, or of his Love to Sinners? And if God in great Love and Compaffion


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to Sinners, gave his Son to die for them, how does this Son of his Love become the Object of his Wrath and Displeasure by dying for them? This, I confefs, would be a very confiderable Objection to me against believing the Death of Chrift to be a true and proper Sacrifice for Sin, could I not believe this, without owning that he fuffered the Wrath and Vengeance of God; but this is not only contrary to the Scripture Account of Chrift's Death, but contradicts the true Notion of an expiatory Sacrifice.

But it is time now to confider the blefied Effects and Fruits of Chrift's Death, or for what Reasons he died; which will more fully explain this great Mystery to us.

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The Conquest of Death by the Death and
Refurrection of Chrift.


HE first thing here to be confider'd is Chrift's abolishing Death by his Death and Refurrection from the Dead in human Nature; for both these, as I fhall fhew you, were neceffary to obtain a perfect Victory for us over Death, and to give us a new Right to immortal Life. This Account our Saviour himself gives us of it. That he is the Bread of God, which came down from Heaven, and giveth Life unto the World. I am the Bread of Life. Your Fathers did eat Manna in the Wilderness, and are dead.


This is the Bread, which cometh down from Heaven that a Man may eat thereof, and not die. I am the living Bread, which came down from Heaven, if any Man eat of this Bread, he shall live for ever; and the Bread which I will give is my Flefb, which I will give for the Life of the World, John vi. 33, 48, 49, 50, 51. That his giving his Flef, fignifies his dying for us, no Man doubts; and by giving his Flesh, by dying for us, he gives Life to the World. For the fame Reafon he tells us, that he is that good Shepherd, that layech down his Life for the Sheep; who came, that they might have Life, and might have it more abundantly, John x. 10, 11. Thus he tells Martha, I am the Refurrection and the Life; he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet fhall be live, and he that liveth and believeth in me, fhall never die, John xi. 25, 26. All which is refolved into his Conqueft over Death, that he died, and rofe again from the Dead, to give Life to the World: Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my Life that I may take it again. No Man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of my felf; I have Power to lay it down, and I have Power to take it up again: This Commandment bave I received of my Father, John x. 17, 18. This was the Covenant between Chrift and his Father, that he should lay down his Life a Sacrifice for Sin, conquer Death by his RefurreEtion from the Dead, and thereby give Life to the World.


The fame Account the Apoftle to the Hebrews gives us of Chrift's becoming Man and dying for us. Forafmuch then as the Children are Partakers of Fleft and Blood, he alfo himself likewife took part of the fame, that through Death he might deftroy him who had the Power of Death, that is,


the Devil; and deliver them, who through fear of Death were all their Life time fubject to Bondage, Heb. ii. 14, 15. that is, he died to conquer Death, to destroy the Power and Kingdom of the Devil, whofe Dominion is in the Regions of Death; who by tempting our first Parents brought Sin and Death into the World, and whofe Kingdom was to be deftroyed, together with the Power and Dominion of Death, which is the Foundation and Strength of his Kingdom, by that Seed of the Woman, that fhould break the Serpent's Head. Thus St. Paul tells us, that Chrift hath given us the Victory over Death; has conquered Death in his own Perfon, by rifing again from the Dead, and will at the laft Day raise all his faithful Difciples into immortal Life. O Death! where is thy Sting? O Grave! where is thy Victory? The Sting of Death is Sin, it is that which kills, and the Strength of Sin is the Law, that final Sentence God pronounced against Adam, and all his Pofterity in him, Dust thou art, and to Duft thou shalt return. But thanks be to God, who hath given us the Vi tory, by our Lord Jefus Chrift, 1 Cor. xv. 55, 56, 57.

This is acknowledged by all who believe, that Chrift raised himself from the Dead by his own Power, that he has conquered Death in his own Perfon, and as a Reward of it has received Power and Authority from his Father to raise his Difciples from the Dead, and to bestow immortal Life on them: But there are very few, that feem to me to understand the true Mystery of Chrift's conquering Death by Death, or of his dying to conquer Death; and yet, without this, we can never rightly understand the true Nature of Christ's Death, the Reafon and Neceffity of

it, nor how much we owe to the Love of our Saviour in dying for us. Now I have already observed to you, that all Mankind being under the Sentence of Death, he who will be the Saviour of Mankind must raise them again from the Dead; for no Man is faved and delivered from the Curfe of the Law, while he is in the State, and under the Power and Dominion of Death. Man confifts of Soul and. Body, and therefore a naked Soul in a State of Separation, is not a compleat and perfect Man, nor can enjoy the compleat and perfect Happiness of a Man; and therefore is not compleatly faved, till Soul and Body be re-united. The not obferving. this, is the Reason, why some Men fo little underftand the true Nature and End of Chrift's Death. The most they are concerned for, is to prove a future State of Rewards and Punishments, where good Men fhall be happy, and the Wicked miferable; this is all the wifeft Philofophers ever thought of, and this is all that moft Chriftians feem concerned about; which must needs give them very obfcure Notions, both of the Death and the Refurrection of Chrift. But though the Souls of good Men are certainly in a State of Happiness, when separated from their Bodies, yet this is no where in Scripture called immortal Life; they are in a State of Death ftill; for Death is the Separation of Soul and Body; but our Immortality commences with our Refurrection, and it is abolifbing Death, which brings Life and Immortality to Light. This Chrift hath done, and this the Saviour of Mankind muft do, if he will be a compleat Saviour. But then the Question is, why Christ must die himself, to conquer Death? For could he not as well have raised us from the Dead without dying himfelf? Yes, without doubt, he had Power to raise the Dead without dying himself; for he rai fed the Dead before he died himself, and had he

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