An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Bind 2

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T. Tegg, 1823

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Three sorts of ideas make our complex ones of substances
9
Powers make a great part of our complex ideas of substances
10
The now secondary qualities of bodies would disappear if we could discover the primary ones of their minute parts
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Our faculties of discovery suited to our state
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Conjecture about spirits
13
Complex ideas of substance
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Idea of spiritual substances as clear as of bodily substances
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No idea of abstract substance
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The cohesion of solid parts and impulse the primary ideas
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Thirdly ideas of substances when false
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Truth or falsehood always supposes affirmation or negation
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Ideas in themselves neither true nor false
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of body 18 Thinking and motivity the primary ideas of spirit
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1921 Spirits capable of motion
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Idea of soul and body compared 2327 Cohesion of solid parts in body as hard to be conceived as thinking in a soul
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Fourthly when judged to represent the real essence
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Ideas when false
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More properly to be called right or wrong
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Communication of motion by impulse or by thought equally 1 intelligible
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Ideas of body and spirit compared
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Which yet serve for common converse
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The notion of spirit involves no more difficulty in it than that of body
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The more general our ideas are the more incomplete and partial they
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This all accommodated to the end of speech
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SECT
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Men make the species Instance gold
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Though nature makes the similitude
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And continues it in the races of things
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Each abstract idea is an essence
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Terms leading the mind beyond the subjects denominated
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Identity of animals
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SECT
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Identity of man 7 Identity suited to the idea 8 Same
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Personal identity
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Consciousness makes personal identity 11 Personal identity in change of substances 1215 Whether in the change of thinking substances
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Consciousness makes the same person 17 Self depends on consciousness
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1820 Objects of reward and punishment 21 22 Difference between identity of man and person
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2325 Consciousness alone makes self
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Person a forensic term
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The difficulty from ill use of names 29 Continued existence makes identity
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Proportional 2 Natural
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27 Conclusion
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A NEW EDITION
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Instituted 4 Moral CHAPTER XXVIII
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SECT
136
CHAPTER XXXIII
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Something unreasonable in most men 2 Not wholly from selflove 3 Nor from education 4 A degree of madness
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CHAPTER II
161
SECT
195
SECT
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OF KNOWLEDGE AND OPINION
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CHAPTER X
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1012 Instances
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This art has perplexed religion and justice
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Ideas some clear and distinct others obscure and confused 2 Clear and obscure explained by sight
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Secondly to do it with quickness
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2631 How mens words fail in all these
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How in substances 33 How in modes and relations
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7
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CHAPTER XI
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But yet necessary to philosophy 4 Misuse of words the cause of great errors 5 Obstinacy 6 And wrangling
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First remedy to use no word without an idea 9 Secondly to have distinct ideas annexed to them in modes
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And distinct and conformable in substances 11 Thirdly propriety 12 Fourthly to make known their meaning 13 And that three ways
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First in simple ideas by synonymous terms or showing 15 Secondly in mixed modes by definition 16 Morality capable of demonstration 17 Definitio...
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showing
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The ideas of their powers best by definition 23 A reflection on the knowledge of spirits 24 Ideas also of substances must be conformable to things 25...
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CHAPTER I
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SECT
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SECT
329
and primary qualities is undiscoverable
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Of repugnancy to coexist larger 16 Of the coexistence of powers a very little
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Of spirits yet narrower
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Thirdly of other relations it is not easy to say how far Morality capable of demonstration
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Remedies of those difficulties 21 Fourthly of real existence we have an intuitive know ledge of our own demonstrative of Gods sensitive of some few...
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Because of their remoteness or 25 Because of their minuteness
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Hence no science of bodies
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Much less of spirits 28 Secondly want of a discoverable connexion between ideas we have
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Instances
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Thirdly want of tracing our ideas
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Extent in respect of universality
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SECT CHAPTER IV
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Answer not so where ideas agree with things
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As first all simple ideas do 5 Secondly all complex ideas except of substances 6 Hence the reality of mathematical knowledge 7 And of moral 8 Exist...
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cerning them is real
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In our inquiries about substances we must consider ideas and not confine our thoughts to names or species sup posed set out by names
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Objection against a changeling being something between man and beast answered
393
Conclusion
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Words and species 18 Recapitulation
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Side 333 - For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts ; even one thing befalleth them : as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath ; so that a man hath no pre-eminence above a beast : for all is vanity. All go unto one place ; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.
Side 385 - It is evident the mind knows not things immediately, but only by the intervention of the ideas it has of them. Our knowledge therefore is real only so far as there is a conformity between our ideas and the reality of things.
Side 78 - Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die. And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain ; it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain. But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him ; and to every seed his own body.
Side 74 - For we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.
Side 357 - Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament ; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
Side 55 - I think, is a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing, in different times and places...
Side 153 - The ideas of goblins and sprites have really no more to do with darkness than light ; yet let but a foolish maid inculcate these often on the mind of a child, and raise them there together, possibly he shall never be able to separate them again so long as he lives ; but darkness shall ever afterwards bring with it those frightful ideas, and they shall be so joined, that he can no more bear the one than the other.
Side 158 - Conceptions; and to make them stand as marks for the Ideas within his own Mind, whereby they might be made known to others, and the Thoughts of Men's Minds be conveyed from one to another.
Side 289 - ... harangues and popular addresses, they are certainly, in all discourses that pretend to inform or instruct, wholly to be avoided; and where truth and knowledge are concerned, cannot but be thought a great fault, either of the language or person that makes use of them.
Side 101 - Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report ; if there be any virtue, if there be any praise, think on these things.

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