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been found in England, (viz.) one at Venovia or Binchester in the County of Durham, and the other at Coccium in the Connty Palatine of Lancaster, which we now call Ribchester, and which was found six feet under ground, on the workmen digging some cellars in St. Sepulchre's Gate, and close to the way which I suppose the ancient road to have passed. This votive altar is supposed to have been dedicated to the mother Goddess in the year of Christ 134, and has now attained the immense age of 1681 years. There are few towns that can produce to the antiquarian's taste so exquisite a treat as this ancient votive altar, has afforded to the admirers of antiquated relicks.


To the Editor of the Northern Star,


I am not disposed to provoke a spirit of controversy in your highly valuable miscellany, but with all due respect to the Author of the Article on the Castle of Conisbro', in your second number, I beg leave to intimate that as it respects Hengist the first Saxon chief, having fallen by the sword of Aurelius Ambrosius, on the plains of Maisbelly, which he rightly conjectures to be the present Mexbrough Ings, seems now to be wiped from the tablet of our creed, and only deemed suitable to the hyperboles of a Jefferey's fancy, with who is the only Author that mentions the circumstance; others as many improbable in direct contradiction to all the Saxon authorities which has descended down to us, and who we are sensible would not detract from the merit of their countrymen.

We have no reason to believe (whatever Jefferey of Monmouth would have us,) that Hengist ever extended his dominions or conquests beyond the borders of Kent, for after a war of several years prosecution, we find him still in Kent, on the borders of the Isle of Thanet, where his last battle was fought, which is said by the Saxon historians to have occurred at a place, called in their Annals, Wippedfleet, and which is according to Battley's Ant. of Rhu, situated somewhere on the Isle of Thanet. I am fully aware with what authority the Author of the Article is supported, and that hehas to boast a Camden, a Hume, and a Milton, collossal names in letters; but I am convinced one has copied from another, without paying any attention to Saxon or Welsh authority, which in this case must be decisive. If he is not satisfied with what I here say on the occasion, (and I could say much more), I would refer him to Turner's History of the Anglo-Saxons, page 94, 1st. Volume; M'Carte's History of England, page 104, Vol. 1; Mr. Whitaker's History of Manchester, page 28, of the 2nd Volume; and the authorities they there quote.

Doncaster, August 20th, 1817.


Porkshire Biography, &c.



THE first person who seems to have derived a title from this beautiful Yorkshire district, is THOMAS LORD WENTWORTH, who was created Earl of Cleveland, by Charles I, on the first of February 1625, and died without issue on the 26th of March 1667.

Though living in the most troublesome times he appears to have been an inconspicuous character, and to have glided smoothly along the rough sea on which so many thousands of his countrymen had perished.

Arms. Diamond. A Chevron between three Leopard's heads Topaz. A Crescent for difference.

BARBARA VILLIERS, daughter of Lord Grandison of the Kingdom of Ireland, Wife to Robert Palmer Esq. (on her account created Earl of Cartlemain,) and Mistress to King Charles the second, was by him created on the 3d of August 1670, Baroness Nonsuch, in the County of Surrey; Countess of Southampton, and Duchess of Cleveland, for life; with remainder to Charles Fitzroy, her eldest Son by his Majesty, and to the heirs male of his body: in default of such issue to George Fitzroy his brother; afterwards created Duke of Northumberland, and his issue.

From this Lady also descended the family of Fitzroy, Dukes of Grafton. CHARLES FITZROY, first Duke of Cleveland succeeded to the title in right of the patent of creation, on the death of his mother in 1709. He was created in 1765, Baron Newbury, Earl of Colchester, and Duke of SouthampHe died on the 9th of September 1730.


Arms. Those of his father, King Charles the second. Over all a baton sinister, Ermine.

WILLIAM FITZROY, succeeded his father, and in 1773 died issueless, since which period the title of Duke of Cleveland has been extinct.

His Grace appears to have had an estimable private character, but without any of those brilliant talents that call forth the admiration of mankind, and if well directed, reflects more honour on the peerage, than the possesor receives from it. He passed his life in quiet serenity, without bustle and without eclat.


This populous town has not long enjoyed the honour of giving a title to the Peerage, the first time of its being so mentioned being in the reign of William the third, who in the year 1694 conferred the title of Duke of Leeds on THOMAS OSBORNE, then Marquis of Carmarthen and Earl of Danby.

"The first part of the life of this nobleman was a tissue of vicissitudes, in which he was involved by the affairs of government; but he closed it at a great age, and with much honour."

During the exile of Charles the second, when only Sir Thomas Osborne, he was a distinguished loyalist, and of great services in bringing about the Restoration; for this he was rewarded with many high offices, and in 1673 advanced to the dignity of a Peer, by the title of Baron Osborne of Kiveton in this county, and Viscount Latimer. In 1674 he was created Earl of Danby, aud Viscount Dumblaine, in Scotland,

During the reign of Charles the second the Earl of Danby appears to have been a very conspicuous statesman; and in the following reign was one of those noblemen who met at the Cock and Magpie, in Whittington, to concert the plan of the Revolution of 1688.

By King William, the Earl of Danby (as before mentioned) was advanced to a Dukedom, and he continued an actiye statesman 'till his death which happened in the year 1721, being then aged eighty one years.. Arms. Quarterly. Ermine and Sapphire. A Cross Topaz.

PEREGRINE OSBORNE, succeeded his father as second Duke of Leeds. Brought up at Sea, he was remarkable for his courage, his coolness and his intrepidity; he had a great share in many heroic atcheivements of his time, and rose to the rank of a Vice Admiral of the Red. He died in 1729 at the age of 71, and was succeeded by

PEREGRINE his younger son (the elder having some years before died of the small pox) the third Duke of Leeds, who died in 1731, and his Son

THOMAS OSBORNE, became the fourth Duke of Leeds. A nobleman who appears to have been more remarkable for benevolence, humanity and the pleasing train of domestic virtues, than for his talents in the senate or the council. Dying in 1789 he was succeeded by his Son.

FRANCIS-GODOLPHIN OSBORNE, the fifth Duke of Leeds, who died in


GEORGE-WILLIAM-FREDERIC OSBORNE, succeeded his father as sixth Duke of Leeds. A nobleman who does not appear to take any active part in the politics of the day, but who has taken much delight in the sports of the field, and in many of the fashionable follies of our young nobility. His Grace at present seems to pass his life in retirement, and in the enjoyment of those calm pleasures which a residence, distant from noise and bustle, can bestow.



Among the most eminent and powerful writers of her sex may be ranked Mrs. Mary Woolstoncraft, the fair Authoress of the Rights of Women.

This Lady was born on the 27th of April 1759, apparently in the vicinity of Beverley, where her father at that time rented a farm. Her education she received at a Day-school in the neighbourhood, to what extent we are not informed.

When Mary was about sixteen years of age, her father wishing to engage in some mercantile concern, removed out of Yorkshire to Hoxton near London. Hither he was a companied by his family, and here Mary formed an acquaintance with Mr. Clare, a Clergyman, who gave her much assistance in the cultivation of her mind, and at whose house in the company of his wife, she frequently passed many happy days and weeks.

By Mrs. Clare she was at one of these visits introduced to a young person of her own sex, a Miss Francis Blood of Newington; a young lady of an amiable disposition, and of a frame of mind so congenial to that of our he roine, that from the first moment of their meeting they conceived a mutual asfection, which soon ripened into friendship, and which unlike the connections generally formed in the bloom of life, increased with their years, and heightened every enjoyment,

Two years older than Miss Woolstonecraft, with the advantage of having had better instructors, Miss Blood undertook the kind office of Preceptress, a delightful task when the pupil and teacher love each other; the progress the student made was astonishing, her aspiring mind was roused to emulation, and the seeds were then sown, which afterward produced such solid fruit.

In the Spring of 1776, Mr. Woolstonecraft unstable in his actions, left Hoxton to commence farmer in Wales. but in little more than a year returned into the same neighbourhood, and fixed his abode at Walworth.

Stationed near her friend Miss W. enjoyed all the sweet intercourse of unrestrained affection, but thinking herself burdensome to her father, and panting for independance she revolved many projects for quitting the parental roof, none of which appeared so feasible as that of living as companion with a widow lady, a Mrs. Dawson of Bath,

When she had been two years in this situation, respected and beloved, her mother was taken ill, and Mary came home to attend on her. All her 80licitude, all her tenderness were of no avail, the disease baffled nature and the physicians, and poor Mary was deprived of her mother.

Her health impaired by fatigue and anxiety, her soul torn by anguish for her loss, and her susceptible feelings rendering her almost miserable, she quitted her home, and fixed herself with her friend at Fulham. More and more attached they seemed but to live for one another, when within two years, a

married sister who in consequence of a perilous lying in, sunk into a melancholy lingering disorder, became the object of her sympathy and care.

Now in her twenty-fourth year, her father's affairs hopeless, her own and sisters' portions lost, she began again to consider her darling plan, not only of an independancy for herself, but to help her father and his family. She therefore with her friend and sisters opened a School in Islington, from whence she found it more eligible to remove to Newington Green.

Here she began to eat the bread of industry, to subsist by her own exertions, and to assist her nearest connexions; when the health of Miss Blood having been long declining, gave symptoms of a consumption, and she was in consequence recommended to try the climate of Portugal. Here Miss Blood was prevailed upon to accept the hand of a Mr. Skeys, who had previously paid his addresses to her, when a pregnancy added to her almost decayed constitution, reduced her to such a state as to induce Miss W. to leave her school, and go to comfort her friend in Portugal, who soon after her arrival was prematurely delivered, and lost her life.

On Miss W's return to England, she found her school no way likely to answer to her hopes, she therefore by way of trial of her powers, by the advice of Mr. Hewlet wrote a pamphlet entitled" Thoughts on the Education of Daughters, for the Copyright of which, (a duodecimo of 160 pages) Mr. Johnson of St. Paul's Church Yard, gave her ten Guineas. This she ed to some relations of her deceased friend.


She now resigned her school, and went to reside as Governess to his daughters, in the family of Lord Viscount Kingsborough. Here she gained the respect and friendship of both his Lordship and the young Ladies. She remained here till 1787, when she closed her engagements with that noble family, and settling herself at Bristol, presently published a small volume entitled MARY A FICTION," a glowing delineation of her own feelings and history, expressed in a bold and original mananer, full of fervid feeling and vivid imagination.

Quitting Bristol soon afterwards she repaired to London, where she found what few authors have the happiness to find, a true friend in her publisher. Mr. Johnson received her under his own roof, and afterwards assisted her in fixing herself in George Street, near Blackfriar's Bridge. She now commenced her literary career, and besides writing several little works, engaged herself in the study of the French, Italian aud German languages, and in translating several works from each of them.

Mr. Johnson in 1788 having instituted the Analytical Review, Miss Woolstonecraft became one of the first of the writers, and by her various translations and productions, became acquainted with all the Literati of Loudon, and with many on the Continent, particularly with Salzmann, whose ELEMENTS OF MORLAITY she translated from the German into English; a favor which he afterwards returned by translating her RIGHTS OF WOMEN into the German tongue.

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