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No. 4-For OCTOBER, 1817.

Yorkshire Topography.

PARISH OF SHEFFIELD.

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(Continued from Page 166.)

F the family of Furnival, the first we find mentioned, is Girard, who attended Richard the first at the siege of Acon, in the Holy Land, and whose son Girard married the daughter of William de Lovetot, a great Nottinghamshire Baron, by which the Manor of Worksop and the Barony of Hallamshire, came into the possession of the same illustrious family.

This last mentioned Girard had three sons, the eldest of whom, Thomas, being slain in Palestine, Hallamshire, &c., descended to his grandson, the Thomas de Furnival before mentioned as the person who erected the Castle of Sheffield, and to whom the town is (or rather was) indebted for many priveleges. What was at that time the value of Sheffield, &c. will be seen by the following copy of a grant by the same Thomas de Furnival in the year 1297.

A Copy of Lord Thomas Furnevall's Grant to the Town of Sheffield and Hallamshire.

To All True Christen People whom these presente Writing shall see or hear Thomas Fur

nevall Third Sonne and Heire of Lord Thomas Furnevall sendeth greeting in our Lord Everlasting Know me to have Demised Granted and Given to Fee Farme unto all my Free Tenants of the Town of Sheffield and their Heires all Tofte Lands and Tenements which they Hould of me in the said Town of Sheffield TO HOULD AND HAVE the said Tofte Lands and Tenements with their Appurtenances belonging within the Town of Sheffield and without of me and my Heirs unto the said Tenants and their Heires in Fee and Heriditage freely quietly and in peace for ever So that my free Warrant bee not hindred nor in any wise troubled by the said Tenants The said Tenants and their Heires paying therefore yearly to me and my Heirs Three Pounds Eight Shillings Nine Pence and a Farthinge of Money at Two Termes of the yeare (that is to say) the half at the Nativity of our Lord and half at the Nativity of Blessed John Baptiste for all Services and Demands Estreats aud Suites of my Court reserved faithfull to me and my Heirs of the said Tenements. Further I will and Grant that the Courts of the said Town of Sheffield shall be kept of the said Tenants within the said Town from Three Weeks to Three Weeks by my Baylyes as it hath been heretofore in the tyme of my Ancestors And if it fortune that my said Tenants or any of them be amercyed in my said

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Courts upon any Offence I will and grante for me and my Heires that they be amercyed by their Like and after the Quantitye of the Offence, AND FURTHER I will and grante for me and my Heires That the said Tenants and their Heires as well byers as sellers bee free from all exactions and asking of Towle Throughout all Hallamshire Wheresoever as they weare accustomed to be in the tyme of my Ancestors for ever AND I the said Thomas and my Heires all the aforesaid with the Appurtenances aforesaid as is aforesaid unto my said Tenants and their Heires against all manner of People shall Warrant for Ever IN WITNESS whereof to these my present Writing finished all sure the other party have put to their Seals to the other these being Witnesses Sir Robte of Ecclesall Sir Edmunde Folliott Knight Thomas Sheffield Thomas Mountney Robte Waddisley Rauphe Waddisley Thomas Furneras William Darnall Robte Treton then Steward of Hallamshire and others Given at Sheffield the fourth day of August Anno dia a thousand two hundred nynety seven.

Joan, the great grand-daughter of this Thomas, was married to Thomas de Neville, who was summoned to parliament as Lord Furnival, in the seventh year of the reign of Richard the second; who leaving two daughters, coheiresses, the eldest Maud or Matilda, became the wife of Sir John Talbot, Knight, and this brought the Manor, &c. of Sheffield into that family.

This Sir John Talbot, one of the greatest men which any age has produced, was in consequence of his marriage with the heiress of the house of Neville and Furnival, summoned to Parliament as Lord Furnival, and afterwards as Lord Talbot of Hallamshire. For his services he was created Earl of Shrewsbury, in 1442.

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For two centuries Hallamshire and Sheffield continued in this family, in 1616, Gilbert the 7th Earl of Shrewsbury dying without male issue, his possessious became the property of his three daughters and co-heiresses, the youngest of whom, Alathea, being married to Thomas Earl of Arundel, brought Hallamshire and Worksop into the family of the Howards, Earls of Arundel and Dukes of Norfolk.

Sheffield Castle from the time in which it was used as the prison for the Queen of Scotland, appears to have been the scene of no public event till the period of the Civil Wars in the Reign of Charles the first, when it was garrisoned by the Royal Party, and in this neighbourhood found of great service to his Majesty.

After the battle of Marston Moor, the Parliamentary forces determining to make the most of their victory, resolved on an attack of Sheffield Castle. For this purpose. in the beginning of August 1644, "the Earl of Manchester laid siege to it, with 1200 foot, a regiment of horse, and 3 peices of cannon these forces being come within a small distance of the castle, sent them three shots, and then a summons to surrender; the garrison fired on the trumpeter, and, flourishing their swords, cried aloud, they would have no other parley; the beseigers then raised two batteries, within 60 yards of the outworks, which soon caused the garrison to surrender. Here were found 8 peices of cannon, 2 mortars, 400 stand of arms, 12 barrels of powder, a large quantity of

match, 20 tons of cannon shot, and 400 pounds worth of beef, corn, bacon, cheese, and other provisions. In the year 1646, this castle was by order of parliament dismantled."

PARISH CHURCH.

The Parish Church generally called the Old Church, was built about the year 1100, and is at present a plain well proportioned building, with a very lofty and elegant spire. Within, it is peculiarly neat and comfortable, having within these few years been entirely new pewed, and provided with every thing that could be thought accommodating; but that richness of decoration which characterizes the Anglo-Norman churches, and which readers them always pleasing and graceful in their appearance, and in which this edifice abounded almost to profusion, is no longer to be found about its walls. Its porches, those social accompaniments under which the old parishioner sate in patient expectation of the opening of the door, have been destroyed; the sculptured figures which topped the buttresses and broke the line formed by the parapet of the roof, have been swept away, and little of its former ornament is left, save the brackets in the spire, and the battlements and pinnacles of its lofty tower. Within, its once clustered columns have been shaven down, to half their former diameter, and so much has the original style of the building been altered, that an antiquary from what is left, would be hard put to it, to determine the era of its erection. Beauty of architecture and richness of design, has been exchanged for comfort and convenience.

The principal remnant of real English architecture is part of the Shrewsbury Chapel a rich specimen which leaves us to regret that it should be the only one. The altar tombs, within the railing, with the recumbent effigies of the personages whose ashes they enclose, are of beautiful execution, and could a little more attention be paid to the keeping them clean, the tombs, and the accompanying monuments would be the admiration of every visitor.

These monuments were erected to the memory of George, the fourth Earl of Shrewsbury, and his two wives; Francis the fifth, George the sixth, and Gilbert the seventh Earl; all of the illustrious family of Talbot, and all benefactors to the Town of Sheffield. A little water now and then applied, ought not to be considered as too great a tribute of respect.

In the Chancel are several mural monuments, one to the memory of Judge Jessop, so honourably mentioned on page 190 of the Northern Star, as pointing out a method of stopping the tide of emigration in 1727: another to the family of Bamford of High-house; a third to the Rev. James Wilkinson, the late Vicar of the Parish, with a bust by Chantrey; a fourth to Mr. Parsons a silver-plater and merchant; and a fifth remarkable for its elegant simplicity, to commemorate the late Mrs. Sutton, the former wife of the Rev. T. Sutton, the present Vicar.

Besides the Parish Church, Sheffield has within the town, two other Churches or rather Chapels of Ease ; ST. PAUL'S or as it is commonly called.

the NEW CHURCH, a very elegant building of the Ionic order, and St. James's a plain one on the Tuscan model. In the Park is a Chapel for the Shrewsbury's Hospital, and the inhabitants of the neighbourhood; and the Chapelries of Ecclesall and Attercliffe, have also each a chapel, the duty of which is performed by the assistant ministers in regular rotation.

These being all the places of worship on the establishment for a population of upwards of fifty thousand persons, there must of necessity be many Sectarian Chapels. The Methodists have several, the principal of which are the old one in Norfolk Street, and the new one in Carver-Street or WestStreet, the latter a commodious building well suited to the purposes of worship. The Quakers, or as they style themselves, the Society of Friends, have a convenient and comfortable meeting-house near the Hartshead; the the various classes of Calvinists, Independants, Baptists, &c. have each in various parts of the town, Chapels, or Meeting-houses, adapted to their various modes of Worship; and the Roman Catholics, have a newly erected neat Chapel, near Norfolk Street.

GENERAL INFIRMARY.

Sheffield abounds in Charitable Institutions of various kinds; but the most noble monument of this nature is the Infirmary, an edifice erected for the reception of the Sick and Lame of every part of the World.

This Structure which is situated at a small distance from the town, towards the North-west was erected by subscription and donations between the years 1793, and 1797, and on the fourth of October of the latter year, was opened for the purposes for which it was intended.

This institution is under the management of an indefinite number of Governors, each person who has subscribed twenty Guineas, being considered a Governor for life; each annual Subscriber of two Guineas, a Governor so long as he continues his subscription; and the proper Physicians and Surgeons, so long as they retain their respective appointments.

An annual Committee of sixteen Members, is appointed by the Governors in October, which Committee meets on every Friday, for the transaction of such business as relates to the admission of Patients, the Economy of the House, &c.

As this institution is general in its operation, and as every subscriber has the power of recommending objects to the charity, it is found necessary to couch the recommendation in the following form, specifying whether the person recommended must be an out, or an in patient.

Gentlemen,

whom I be

may be admitted an

Pa

I recommend to your examination A- B of the Parish of lieve to be a real object of Charity, and desire

tient of the Infirmary, if a proper object.

To the Weekly Board of Governors of the
Sheffield General Infirmary.

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Mr. Bigland speaking of the Infirmary, thus observes "The situation is salubrious, and the plan of construction extremely well calculated to promote

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