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confined to the Wars (that is simply the Battles) of the Revolution, it is in fact a History of the World for the space of a quarter of a century, a period more replete with events, than any similar one since the creation.

One more extract must conclude our notice, and that from the memorable Battle of Waterloo; than this, a more elegant compliment has not yet been paid, either to our Army or its noble Commander.

"In both active and passive courage, the allies, under a British commander, showed themselves decidedly superior to the French. The tremendous and murderous charges of the foe were received by the British with a courage that never faltered. Though their ranks were thinned, and their squares diminished, they still presented astern and unbroken front. Although, at the close of the day, some of their battalions were nearly annihilated, and the soldiers began to murmur, and almost to despair, yet they did not disgrace their character or their cause. It was not the murmur of fear, or the depression of cowardice. It was the complaint which protracted inactivity produced; the irresistible and intolerable pain that arose from the long repression of their energies. They murmured, not because they were forbidden to retreat before a superior and impetuous foe, but because they were restrained from rushing upon him, and convincing him what British valour could do as well as suffer. The moment the Duke ordered the general charge, every bosom swelled with enthusiasm, and one universal shout proclaimed their exultation. Though enfeebled by a desperate and protracted contest, their strength and activity were in an instant restored :— they pressed on to the attack, and the day was their own. They had withstood, withGut confusion or fear, innumerable charges of the enemy, but the first general charge which they were permitted to make, drove the French in disorder from the field.

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This splendid victory was not more owing to the unequalled bravery of the troops, than to the skill, the gallantry, and the firmness of their illustrious commander. In all the great achievements which he had hitherto performed, he had never maintained so arduous a struggle, he had never gained so complete and glorious a triumph. There was no species of heroism or of military science which could adorn a field of battle, which was not displayed by the Duke of Wellington on this memorable day. Whereever danger was most imminent there he was uniformly present. "To see a commander of his eminence," said one of our distinguished statesmen, who scorned the language of adulation, throw himself into a hollow square of infantry as a secure. refuge, till the rage and torrent of the attack was passed, and that not once only, but twice or thrice in the course of the battle, proved that his confidence was placed, not in any particular corps, but in the whole army. In that mutual confidence lay the power and strength of the troops. The duke knew that he was safe when he thus trusted himself to the fidelity and valour of his men; and they knew and felt that the sacred charge thus confided to them could never be wrested from their hands." In this " agony of his fame," his staff rapidly fell around him; every one, except the Spanish General Alava, suffered in his life or in his limbs, yet the duke continued

fearlessly to expose himself in the very thickest of the fire, and how he escaped unhurt, that power can alone tell who vouchsafed to the allied armies the issue of this pre-eminent contest.


"Often in the day he was urged by the officers, and wherever he appeared he was intreated by the men, to lead them against the enemy. "Not yet, not yet," so frequently repeated by their general, served to restrain the impatience of his troops till the decisive moment; and it does infinite credit to his discretion and penetration, that not even the partial successes which attended the operations of several periods of the day, could'tempt him to depart from the prudent and well digested plan on which he had determined to act. Had he resumed offensive operations, before the arrival of the main body of the Prussians, he scarcely could have hoped to have beat the superior numbers and veteran troops to whom he was opposed; or had he been victorious, all 21 that he could have effected, inferior as he was in cavalry, would have been to have compelled the French to a hasty but orderly retreat. Merely to have repulsed the French army would have been to little purpose. It was necessary to strike a decisive blow, and the Duke of Wellington anxiously awaited the favourable moment. He felt all the tortures of suspense, but despair was always far from him. At length the thunder of General Bulow's artillery was heard on the left: a violent and convulsive struggle ensued symptoms of indecision began to shew themselves in the enemy's ranks. The system of defence was instautly abandoned by the British commander : the restraint, so long imposed upon the impetuous valour of his troops, was withdrawn: the whole line was led on to the charge, and the decisive blow was struck. All the consequences were produced which the sagacious mind of Wellington had predicted. The campaign was terminated, the throne of Napoleon tottered to its fall, and the peace of Europe, excepting only the forms, was again re-established."

For the better arrangement of the various periods of History, Mr. Baines has divided his work into Five Books.

Book first, of 24 Chapters contains the operations, &c. from the year 1792 to


Book second, of 25 Chapters, commences with the Naval campaign of 1797,
and ends with the correspondence of his Majesty and the Prince of Wales,
on taking the command of the army in order to resist invasion in 1803.
Book third, of 9 Chapters, begins with a statement of the situation of the Euro-
pean Powers after the short interval of Peace, and ends with the death of
Mr. Pitt and Mr. Fox in 1806. This Book concludes the first volume.
Book fourth, of 27 Chapters, opens the second volume, with the Invasion of
Naples by Joseph Bonaparte in 1806, and concludes with the general Peace
of 1814, to which Mr. B. adds,

To consummate the important History of the year 1814.-one of the most momentous epochs in the annals of the world, Peace was concluded on the 24th of December between Great Britain and America, and for the first time during a quarter of


a century, with the exception of the feverish truce of Amiens, a general peace prevailed in both hemispheres, and the Temple of Janus was for the present closed." Book fifth, of 10 Chapters; the first, second and third, of which are occupied with a regular and progressive History of the American War, from the year 1812 to the conclusion of Peace in 1814, and the remainder of the book to the succeeding gigantic events in Europe, concluding with a copy of the General Treaty, signed in Congress at Vienna on the 9th of June, 1815.

In an Appendix is given an account of the late attack on Algiers by Lord Exmouth, and of the Exile of Bonaparte, with Mr. Warden's account of his manner of living, &c. in St. Helena.

To the whole is added a very copious and luminous Index of Facts and Transactions, and another of Names, by which the Biography of the principal personages mentioned may be greatly, and with comparatively little trouble, elucidated.

These Volumes are illustrated with Maps, Charts or Plans, of the following places. Frontiers of France, Italy. Battle of the Nile, Germany, Egypt and Syria, Battle of Trafalgar, Spain and Portugal, Campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars, France, America, Belgic Campaigns, and Europe.

And embellished with Portraits of His present Majesty, The Prince Regent, Louis XVI. Frederic William III. Alexander, Napoleon, Francis II. Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, Duke of Wellington. Princess Charlotte and Prince Leopold, The British Admirals Howe, St. Vincent, Nelson, Duncan, and Collingwood. The French Marshalls Murat, Soult, Massena. Berthier, Marmont, and Ney. The Generals or Princes Moreau, Bernadotte, Platoff, Schwartzenberg and Blucher. Two large engravings of Coins and Medals. An Engraving of the signing of the Peace of Paris; another of the Battle of Water, loo, with a Key; and one of the surrender of Napoleon.

Of the Plates of Coins, the Peace of Paris and the Key to the Battle of Waterloo, as engravings on wood, it is almost impossible to speak too highly.

On the whole,this is a work which may be considered as almost indispensable to every person who wishes to have at hand an impartial record of the events of the late momentous period; and as a repository of faithful copies of original documents, to the future historian it must become wholly invaluable,

GREENFIELD, a POEM. By the late Mr. Bottomley of Saddleworth, Yorkshire. Foolscap 8vo. PP. 64, Price 3s. Manchester, 1817.

Saddleworth appears to be one of those places in Yorkshire which has hitherto been neglected by our topographers, and of which less appears to be known than even of the countries of Hindostan, or of the back settlements of America. Our Tourists have in general, like the wheels of a coach, followed close in the track of each other, without daring to deviate to the right hand or to the left; thus we have nothing but a repetition of the same scenes, frequently in the same succession, while beauties conceal'd from our fathers because they lay a little wide of their path, continue still unknown to their children; and we, while we are exploring the caverns and the recesses of foreign lands, still remain ignorant of the beauties of our own.

This Poem is of the Descriptive kind; is frequently interesting, and contains some good and animated verses, but the little volume is chiefly valuable for its notes, which by giving a History of Saddleworth, fills up a chasm in Yorkshire Topography.

The volume is neatly printed and is ornamented with a view of Saddleworth Church, another of Greenfield, and seven other engravings illustrative of various parts of the work, all engraved by Lieutenant Bottomley of Manchester. To the whole is added a few miscellaneous pieces of poe try, by the author of Greenfield.

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In glancing over the various countries of Europe we perceive Knowledge and Literature every where extending themselves, and with rapid strides pervading every nation. In some of the Continental States, long celebrated for their ponderous folios, and their annual thousands of books exposed at the literary fairs, where treatises were produced by sale, and consigned like other merchandises to the purchase and repurchase of foreign chapmen; where seldom read, the cogitations of the Authors remained unknown, and their fame solely rested on the number of books they had produced: Literature has now undergone a complete revolution, and books are written for the purpose of being perused. This cannot be more strongly manifested than by the increase in periódical works, of various descriptions, which regularly find their way into every nook and corner of every state, conveying amusement and information whereever they make their appearance, and which are received with the fond welcome of long expected friends.

Among the works at present publishing periodically in GERMANY, may be reckoned "Neue Allemania," (New Germany) a work on the History and Policy of the late and present Constitutions of Germany. "Die Verzeit, &c. (Old Times) a Journal of the History, Poetry, Arts, Literature, and Antiquities of the middle age, &c. "Jejidja a Hebrew Journal published at Berlin. A Journal of Arts, &c. relative to the printing of Cottons, Serges, Linens and Silks, with coloured plates. The "Nemzedi Gazda," by Francis de Pethé, published formerly in Vienna, but now in Hungary, and a Literary Journal by the same author in the Hungarian Language, which comprises extracts from Foreign Journals, and original Articles of Hungarian Literature. At Wertenberg one is published, entitled "FÜR and WIDER" (For and against) a completely political work on the Constitution of Wurtemberg.

An historical, political, and literary Journal is announced at Rome, under the title of "EFEMERIDI ROMANE; one has

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just commenced at Padua, entitled "Il Relatore della Litteratura d'Italia," and another at Venice, called "IL NUOVO OSSERVATORE VENIZIANO." This includes Politics, Literature, the News of the Day, the Arts, Commerce, &c.

Several new Journals are either published or announced for publication in RUSSIA, particularly one at Casan weekly, another at Astrakan, and a third at the University of Charkow, under the title of the Ukrain Herald.

In FRANCE too, several new periodicals have made their appearance. "The Quinzaine Litteraire" is about six months old, but has already established its character as dull and uninteresting. The "Archives Philosophiques, Politiques et Litteraires," made its first appearance in July. Conducted by a Society of Literary men, it treats its subjects with spirit and ability, and appears likely to become a favorite with the public. The "Journal de la Librarie" too aspires to public patronage by its fair discussion of the merits of every new publication, and "La Ruche Qq

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