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In February, 1805, to my great delight, Pestalozzi sent for me to go back to him at Yverdon, where I once more found a father's affection and my dear masters Krüsi and Buss. A few months later the whole institute had rejoined Pestalozzi at Yverdon Castle."

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YVERDON, 1805-1825.

AT Yverdon Pestalozzi reached the summit of his fame and found the grave of his practical work. In the institute at Yverdon the large scheme which had been drawn up for Burgdorf was not attempted, but all efforts were concentrated on the education of the pupils who came to the castle, with the result that greater success than ever before was, at first, obtained. Pupils came from England, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Spain. Deputations were sent from many countries to study and report on the work. Private individuals went from all parts, some taking pupils with them, to see the great things which were being done. Amongst these were Froebel (with pupils), Herbart, Dr. Mayo (founder of the famous Pestalozzian school at Cheam-with pupils), Dr. Bell (author of The Madras System), Robert Owen, Lord Brougham, Karl von Raumer (the great German historian of education-with a pupil), Karl Ritter, M. Jullien (writer on Pestalozzi's work), M. Guillaume (biographer of Pestalozzi), Miss Edgeworth (author of Practical Education) and many others. The Emperor of Russia sent him this letter:"SIR,

"The method of teaching pointed out in your works, and practised in the institute of which you are.

the founder, have appeared to me in every way calculated to extend true knowledge and to produce enlightened instructors. Having made myself acquainted with the results daily obtained by you, I have been able fully to appreciate the utility of your labours. I feel pleasure in being able to give you some distinguished proof of the interest with which I have viewed so valuable an undertaking, by creating you a Chevalier of the Order of St. Wladimir of the fourth class, of which I herewith send you the decoration, accompanied with the assurance of my consideration.

"Novr. 16, 1814."



The Prussian Government sent seventeen young men for a three years' course, to be trained as teachers; so that, as the Minister writes to Pestalozzi: "They will be prepared not only in mind and judgment, but also in heart, for the noble vocation which they are to follow, and will be filled with a sense of the holiness of their task, and with new zeal for the work to which you have devoted your life". Fichte, in his Addresses to the German Nation, delivered in Berlin in 1807-8, declared that only through an efficient system of national education could national regeneration come; and when asked which existing institution of the actual world could do such a work, he replied: "The course of instruction which has been invented and brought forward by Henry Pestalozzi, and which is now being successfully carried out under his direction". This was spoken in no spirit of unqualified praise, for he did not hesitate to criticise adversely several points in Pestalozzi's schemes.

About the same time the Queen of Prussia wrote, in

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