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In Mecklenburg-Strelitz the amount of pension depends on the will of the Sovereign. 1 Reached at seventy years of age.

The teacher pays 2% toward the pension fund. The pension rises with every year of service (a) 1% for salaries not higher than 2,400 marks; (b) 1% for those higher than 2,400 marks. The maximum is reached at 40 years of service, and cannot exceed 6,000 marks.

That is, immediately after permanent appointment.
The pension begins to rise it only after five years.
After fifty years of service the pension reaches 100%.

APPENDIX H

EXTRACTS FROM THE GENERAL PENSION LAWS OF PRUSSIA OF 1872, 1882, 1884 AND 1890

1. Every official drawing salary from the state treasury is entitled to a pension, if after ten years' service he becomes incapable, in consequence of bodily injury or physical or mental weakness, of performing his duties. But if his disability is the result of an injury or disease contracted in the performance of his official duties, he is entitled to a pension even before the expiration of the ten-year period. Those who have reached the age of sixtyfive years need not show disability in order to receive a pension.

2. The pension laws do not apply to teachers in universities; but they do apply to teachers and officers in all higher schools, normal schools, institutions for the deaf and blind, art schools and Bürgerschulen.

3. If an official becomes unable to perform his duties before the lapse of the ten-year period, and yet does not come under (1), he may be granted a pension with the approval of the crown. 4. A pension amounts to of the last total income if an official is retired after ten years' service, after eleven years' service and so on, increasing up to forty years' service. This

gives a maximum of 4 of the last salary.

5. Regular allowances and supplies, as house rent, fuel, etc., if entered on the budget as part of the official's remuneration, are counted for pension.

Thus, an official with a salary of 4,800 marks and 492 marks for house rent will receive on retirement, after fifteen years' service, of 5,292 marks, or 1,764 marks, annually.

6. An official who accepts voluntarily a position at a lower salary than is attached to the office to which he is justly entitled receives on retirement a pension estimated on the basis of the higher salary.

7. Time of service includes time spent (a) under leave of absence, (b) in the service of the North German Confederation, (c) in the service of the German Empire, (d) in technical studies required for admission to the civil service, (e) in the trial year of a teacher, (f) in the military service, and (g) as prisoner of war.

8. Pensions are paid monthly, in advance.

9. No pension can be transferred or seized for debt.

10. A pensioner loses the right to state aid (a) when he ceases to be a German subject, and (b) when he receives a salary for service to the state or empire which, added to his pension, exceeds the amount of his original salary. In the latter case, he may draw such part of his salary as will make his income equal to his original salary.

The pension laws are strictly applicable to teachers in schools supported entirely by the state. Patrons of schools which are in part supported by the state must provide a pension schedule at least as good as the state schedule; they may do better, with the approval of the government. No provision is legally made for teachers in private schools and schools not under state control. Such teachers must rely on insurance companies and organizations for mutual assistance of members.

PENSIONS FOR WIDOWS AND ORPHANS OF PRUSSIAN HIGHER SCHOOL TEACHERS.

Extracts from Laws of 1882 and 1897.

1. Widows and legitimate children of public officials are entitled to pensions, if the official himself was entitled to one.

2. A widow's pension is four-tenths of the pension which her husband would have received if he had been regularly retired on the day of his death. A widow's pension, however, cannot be less than 216, or more than 2,000 marks.

3. The pensions of orphans whose mother is living are each one-fifth of the widow's pension; in case of the death of both parents, each child receives one-third of the pension to which the widow would be entitled. But in no case can the total pension paid to the family of a deceased official amount to more than he himself would have received upon retirement.

4. A widow is not entitled to a pension if married to the deceased within three months of his death, and it is proved that she married him for sake of the pension.

5. Neither the widow nor her children are entitled to a pension if the marriage occurred after the official's retirement.

6. Pensions of widows and orphans are paid monthly, in ad

vance.

7. Such pensions cannot be transferred or seized for debt.

8. The pension of a widow or an orphan lapses upon the death or marriage of the person receiving it. An orphan's pension lapses when the person reaches the age of eighteen years.

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